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初中英语语法十大难点 初中英语重难点分析

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初中英语语法十大难点 初中英语重难点分析

初中英语语法难点有哪些?

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一般疑问句,特殊疑问句,选择疑问句,反意疑问句,选择疑问句,否定疑问句

1) 一般疑问句:助动词/be动词+主语

Are you a teacher?Do you want to have a cup of tea?

2) 特殊疑问句:特殊疑问词+一般疑问句

What is your name?

3) 选择疑问句:or

Do you want beef or lamb?

4) 反意疑问句:肯定陈述句+否定疑问部分,否定陈述部分+肯定疑问部分

You don't need that pen,do you?

5) 否定疑问句:一般疑问句+否定词

Aren't you lucky?Don't you want have a rest?

初中英语语法的重点有哪些?

中考语法范围

语 法 项 目 表

( 加“*”号的项目只要求理解)

1. 词类:1)名词 2)形容词 3)副词 4)动词 5)代词 6)冠词 7)数词 8)介词 9)连词 10)感叹词

*2. 构词法:

1)合成法 classroom, something, reading-room

2)派生法 worker, drawing, quickly, careful, kindness,

cloudy, unhappy

3)转化法 hand (n. )—hand (v. )

dry ( adj. )—dry ( v. )

3. 名词

1)可数名词和不可数名词

2)名词的复数

3)专有名词

4)所有格

4. 代词

1)人称代词的主格和宾格形式

2)物主代词的形容词与名词性形式

3)反身代词 myself, himself, ourselves, etc.

4)指示代词 this, that, these, those

5)不定代词 some, any, no, etc.

6)疑问代词 what, who, whose, which, etc.

5. 数词 基数词和序数词

6. 介词 词汇表中所列介词的基本用法

7. 连词 词汇表中所列连词的基本用法

8. 形容词

1)作定语、表语、宾语补足语的基本用法

2)比较等级 ( 原级、比较级、最高级)的基本用法

( 1)构成 -er, -est; more, the most

( 2)基本句型

as+原级形式+as. . .

not as ( so)+原级形式+as. . .

比较级形式+than. . .

the+最高级形式+. . . in ( of). . .

9. 副词

1)表示时间、地点、方式、程度等的基本用法

2)疑问副词when, where, how

3)比较等级 ( 原级、比较级、最高级)

( 1)构成 -er, -est; more, the most

( 2)基本句型

as+原级形式+as. . .

not as ( so)+原级形式+as. . .

比较级形式+than. . .

the+最高级形式+. . . in ( of). . .

*10. 冠词 一般用法

11. 动词

*1)动词种类

( 1)行为动词或实义动词

1及物动词

2不及物动词

( 2)连系动词 be, look, turn, get, become, etc.

( 3)助动词 be, do, have, shall, will, etc.

( 4)情态动词 can, may, must, need, etc.

2)时态

( 1)一般现在时

I get up at six o’clock every morning.

He doesn’t speak Russian.

They are very busy.

The moon moves round the earth.

When you see him, tell him to come to my place.

I’ll go to see you tonight if I’m free.

( 2)一般过去时

I was in Grade One last year.

I got up at five yesterday.

( 3)一般将来时

1. shall ( will)+动词原形

I shall ( will) go to your school tomorrow afternoon.

She will be here tomorrow.

2. be going to+动词原形

I’m going to help him.

( 4)现在进行时

We’re reading the text now.

They’re waiting for a bus.

( 5)现在完成时

I have already posted the letter.

They have lived here for ten years.

* ( 6)过去进行时

We were having a meeting this time yesterday.

The teacher was talking to some parents when I saw her.

* ( 7)过去完成时

We had learned four English songs by the end of last year.

The film had already begun when I got to the cinema.

She said that she had not heard from him since he left Beijing.

* ( 8)过去将来时

He said he would go to the cinema that evening.

Betty said she was going to visit her uncle next Sunday.

3)被动语态

( 1)一般现在时的被动语态

English is taught in that school.

( 2)一般过去时的被动语态

The song was written by that worker.

( 3)一般现在时带情态动词的被动语态

She must be sent to hospital at once.

4)动词不定式

* ( 1)作主语

To learn a foreign language is not easy.

It is not easy to learn a foreign language.

( 2)作宾语

They began to read.

( 3)作宾语补足语

Jim asked me to help him with his lessons.

We often heard her sing.

* ( 4)作定语

I have an important meeting to attend.

( 5)作状语

She went to see her grandma yesterday.

( 6)用在how, when, where, what, which等之后

I don’t know how to use a computer.

Do you know when to start?

He didn’t know what to do next.

12. 句子种类

1)陈述句 ( 肯定式和否定式)

2)疑问句 ( 一般疑问句、特殊疑问句、选择疑问句、反意疑问句)

3)祈使句 ( 肯定式和否定式)

*4)感叹句

*13. 句子成份

1)主语

Betty likes her new bike.

He gets up early every day.

To learn a foreign language is not easy.

2)谓语

We work hard.

The boy caught a bird.

He is my brother.

They all look fine.

3)表语

Her sister is a nurse.

It’s me.

I’m ready.

He got angry.

We were at home last night.

His cup is broken.

4)宾语

Tom bought a story-book.

I saw him yesterday.

He wanted to have a cup of tea.

5)直接宾语和间接宾语

He gave me some ink.

Our teacher told us an interesting story.

6)宾语补足语

Call her Xiao Li.

You must keep the room clean.

John asked me to help him.

7)定语

This is a green jeep.

This is an apple tree.

Are these students your classmates?

Winter is the coldest season of the year.

I have something to tell you.

8)状语

You are quite right.

She will arrive in Beijing on Monday.

He stopped to have a look.

14. 简单句的五种基本句型

第一种 主语+连系动词+表语 ( S+V+P)

The bike is new.

The map is on the wall.

第二种 主语+不及物动词 ( S+V)

He swims.

第三种 主语+及物动词+宾语 ( S+V+O)

Children often sing this song.

第四种 主语+及物动词+间接宾语+直接宾语 ( S+V+IO+DO)

She showed her friends all her pictures.

第五种 主语+及物动词+宾语+宾语补足语 ( S+V+O+C)

We keep our classroom clean and tidy.

15. 并列句

He likes maths, but he needs help.

I help him and he helps me.

16. 复合句

1)宾语从句

He said ( that) he felt sick.

I don’t know whether ( if) she still works in the factory.

I take back what I said.

I can’t tell who is there.

Can you tell me where the Summer Palace is?

2)状语从句

The train had left when I got to the station.

I’ll go with you to the cinema this afternoon if I’m free.

The students went to the farm because the farmers needed some help.

The earth is bigger than the moon.

He was so tired that he couldn’t walk on.

* Jack worked hard so that he might get a good job.

Doctor Wang went to the hospital though it rained heavily.

*3)定语从句

Find the girl who is wearing a red skirt.

Show me the picture that you like best.

Colour the birds which ( that) are flying.

初中有那些重点语法?

初中英语重点知识归纳

由动词开头构成的短语、词组很多。复习时应分类处理:

一、动词+介词

1.look at…看…,look like … 看上去像……,

look after …照料…

2.listen to…听……

3.welcome to…欢迎到……

4.say hello to …向……问好

5.speak to…对……说话

此类短语相当于及物动词,其后必须带宾语,但宾语无论是名词还是代词,都要放在介词之后。如:

This is my new bike. Please look it after.(×)

This is my new bike. Please look after it.(√)

二、动词+副词

“动词+副词”所构成的短语义分为两类:

A.动词(vt.)+副词

1.put on 穿上 2.take off脱下 3.write down记下

此类短语可以带宾语,宾语若是名词,放在副词前后皆可;宾语若是人称代词,只能放在副词的前面。试比较:

First listen to the tape, then write down the answer/write the answer down. (√)

First listen to the answer, then write down it.(×)

First listen to the answer, then write it down.(√)

B.动词(vi)+副词。

1.come on赶快 2.get up起床 3.go home回家 4.come in进来 5.sit down坐下 6.stand up起立

此类短语属于不及物动词,不可以带宾语。

三、其它类动词词组

1.close the door 2.1ook the same 3.go to work/class 4.be ill 5.have a look/seat 6.have supper 7.1ook young 8.go shopping 9.watch TV/games 10. play games.

介词短语聚焦

“介词+名词/代词”所构成的短语称为介词短语。现将Unitsl-16常用的介词短语按用法进行归类。

1.in+语言/颜色/衣帽等,表示使用某种语言或穿着……。如:in English,in the hat

2.in + Row/ Team/ Class/ Grade等,表示“在……排/队/班级/年级”等。

3.in the morning/ afternoon/ evening/ 表示“在上午/下午/傍晚”等一段时间。

4.in the desk/ pencil-box/bedroom 等表示“在书桌/铅笔盒/卧室里”。

5.in the tree表示“在树上 (非树本身所有)”;on the tree表示“在树上(为树本身所有)”。如:There are some in the tree. There are many apples on the trees.

6.in the wall表示“在墙上(凹陷进去)”;on the wall表示“在墙上(指墙的表面)”。如:There’re four windows in the wall, and there is a map on the back wall.

7.at work(在工作)/at school(上学)/at home(在家)应注意此类短语中无the。

8.at + 时刻表示钟点。如:at six, at half , past ten.

9.like this/that表示方式,意为“像……这/那样”。

10.of短语表示所属关系。如:a picture of a classroom, a map of China.

11.behind/ beside/ near/ under+ 名词等,表示方位、处所。如:beside/ near the door, under/ behind the tree.

12.from与to多表示方向,前者意为“从……”,后者意为“到……”。如:from one to ten, (go) to school/ bed/ work.

另外,以下这些短语也必须掌握。如:on duty, after breakfast, at night, at the door, in the middle, in the sky, on one’s bike等。

回答人的补充 2009-05-29 18:13

补充

重点句型1.I think…意为“我认为……”,是对某人或某事的看法或态度的一种句型。其否定式常用I don’t think…,如:I think he’s Mr Zhinag. (L17)I don’t think you are right.

2.give sth. to sb./ give sb. sth. 意为“把……给……”,动词give之后可接双宾语,可用这两种句型;若指物的宾语是人称代词时,则只能用give it/ them to sb. 如:

His parents give him a nice purse./His parents give a nice purse to him. Give it to Mr Hu.(L57)

3.take sb./ sth. to…意为“把……(送)带到……”,后常接地点,也可接人。如:

Please take the new books to the classroom.

4.One…, the other…/One is…and one is…意为“一个是……;另一个是……”,必须是两者中。如:One is red and one is grey.(L50)或 One is red,, the other is grey.

5.Let sb. do sth. 意为“让某人做某事”,人后应用不带to的动词不定式,其否定式为Don’t let sb,do sth.,或Let sb. not do sth. 另外,Let’s 与Let us的含义不完全相同,前者包括听者在内,后者不包括听者在内,如:Let’s go for a walk./Let us try once more, please.

6.help sb. (to) do sth./help sb. with sth.意为“帮助某人做某事”,前者用不定式作宾补,后者用介词短语作宾补,二者可以互换。如:Let me help you find it.(L42)/Let me help you with it.

7.What about…?/How about…?意为“……怎么样?”是用来询问或征求对方的观点、意见、看法等about为介词其后须接名词、代词或V-ing等形式。如What/How playing chess?

TAG: 难点