知识大全

知识大全

英语a级全部语法 英语语法大全

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英语a级全部语法 英语语法大全

英语A级语法

我是辽宁石油化工大学职业技术学院的暖通1031级,大一下半年刚考完a级。72分过的。

说实话,a级的单词主要是高中的单词,大概2000多个,我高考英语87分,就是靠背单词,你可以在当地书店买高中单词本也就几块钱,一定要坚持,每天15个,不要求会写,只要盖上单词,能知道意思就行,听话,一定要坚持。a级最简单的就是听力,语速很慢,15分能的10分,只要练一个月就行。接下来是你说的语法,这部分15分,你学了半天语法也不一定能答多少分,语法不能强攻,下面是阅读,40分最容易的文章是前两个每题10分,只要你肯背单词,这部分就能过,翻译题有一部分是选择的只要用排除法就能选对。还有英译汉12分,单词必须认识7分过,作文要把日期的写法,书信的写法练会,总之单词量,就是高中的,加油,我的邮箱jn123200@126.com

英语语法大全

初中的:1 (see 、hear 、notice 、find 、feel 、listen to 、 look at (感官动词)+do eg:I like watching monkeys jump

2 (比较级 and 比较级) 表示越来越怎么样

3 a piece of cake =easy 小菜一碟(容易) 4 agree with sb 赞成某人

5 all kinds of 各种各样 a kind of 一样 6 all over the world = the whole world 整个 世界

7 along with同……一道,伴随…… eg : I will go along with you我将和你一起去

the students planted trees along with their teachers 学生同老师们一起种树

8 As soon as 一怎么样就怎么样 9 as you can see 你是知道的

10 ask for ……求助 向…要…(直接接想要的东西) eg : ask you for my book

11 ask sb for sth 向某人什么

12 ask sb to do sth 询问某人某事 ask sb not to do 叫某人不要做某事

13 at the age of 在……岁时 eg:I am sixteen I am at the age of sixteen

14 at the beginning of …… ……的起初;……的开始

15 at the end of +地点/+时间 最后;尽头;末尾 eg : At the end of the day

16 at this time of year 在每年的这个时候

17 be /feel confident of sth /that clause +从句 感觉/对什么有信心,自信

eg : I am / feel confident of my spoken English I feel that I can pass the test

18 be + doing 表:1 现在进行时 2 将来时

19 be able to (+ v 原) = can (+ v 原) 能够…… eg : She is able to sing She can sing

20 be able to do sth 能够干什么 eg :she is able to sing

21 be afraid to do (of sth 恐惧,害怕…… eg : I'm afraed to go out at night I'm afraid of dog

22 be allowed to do 被允许做什么

eg: I'm allowed to watch TV 我被允许看电视 I should be allowed to watch TV 我应该被允许看电视

23 be angry with sb 生某人的气 eg : Don't be angry with me

24 be angry with(at) sb for doing sth 为什么而生某人的气

25 be as…原级…as 和什么一样 eg : She is as tall as me 她和我一样高

26 be ashamed to 27 be away from 远离 28 be away from 从……离开

29 be bad for 对什么有害 eg : Reading books in the sun is bad for your eyes 在太阳下看书对你的眼睛不好

30 be born 出生于 31 be busy doing sth 忙于做什么事 be busy with sth 忙于……

32 be careful 当心;小心 33 be different from…… 和什么不一样

34 be famous for 以……著名 35 be friendly to sb 对某人友好

36 be from = come from 来自 eg :He is from Bejing He comes from Bejing Is he from Bejing ? Does he come from Bejing ?

37 be full of 装满……的 be filled with 充满 eg: the glass is full of water the glass is filled with water

38 be glad+to+do/从句 39 be going to + v(原) 将来时

40 be good at(+doing) = do well in 在某方面善长, 善于……

41 be good for 对什么有好处 eg : Reading aloud is good for your English

42 be happy to do 很高兴做某事

43 be helpful to sb 对某人有好处

eg : Reading aloud is helpful to you 大声朗读对你有好处

Exercising is helpful to your bady 锻炼对你的身体有好处

44 be in good health 身体健康

45 be in trouble 处于困难中 eg : She is in trouble They are in tronble

46 be interested in 对某方面感兴趣

47 be late for = come late to 迟到 eg: Be late for class 上课迟到

48 be like 像…… eg : I'm like my mother

49 be mad at 生某人的气

50 be made from 由……制成(制成以后看不见原材料)

51 be made of 由……制成(制成以后还看得见原材料) 52 be not sure 表不确定

53 be on a visit to 参观 54 be popular with sb 受某人欢迎

55 be quiet 安静 56 be short for 表**的缩写 eg: 陶 is short for 陶俊杰

57 be sick in bed 生病在床 58 be sorry to do sth be sorry for sb eg : I am sorry for you

59 be sorry to hear that 60 be sorry to trouble sb eg : I am sorry to trouble you

61 be strict in doing sth 严于做某事 eg : He's strict in obeying noles

62 be strict with sb 对某人要求严格 eg: Some students are not strict with them selves 这些学生对自己不严格

63 be strict with sb in sth 某方面对某人严格 64 be supposed to do 被要求干什么

65 be sure 表确定 66 be sure of doing sth 对做某事有信心 eg: He is sure of winning I am sure of learning English well

67 be sure of sth 对做某事有信心 eg: I'm sure of my head (my teacher 我相信我的大脑(老师)

68 be sure that sth 对做某事有信心 eg: I'm suer that he can pass the test 我相信他能通过考试

69 be sure to do sth一定会做某事eg: We are sure to pass the test 我们一定会通过这次考试 We are sure to learn English well 我们一定能学好英语

70 be terrified of + 名/动doing 害怕…… 71 be terrified to do sth 害怕做某事

72 be the same as … 和什么一样 73 be used to doing sth 习惯做某事

eg: My father is used to getting up early 我爸爸习惯早He is used to sleeping in class 他习惯上课睡觉

74 be worth doing 值得做什么 75 be(feel) afraid to do sth 害怕做某事be afraid of sth 害怕某物 be afraid that 丛句

76 because+句子 because of +短语

eg : He was late because he had a headache He was late because of his headache

77 begin to do = start to do 开始做某事 start…with…=begin…with… 以什么开始什么

eg : Let's begin the game with the song I begin to go home

78 between…and… 两者之间

79 borrow sth from sb 向……借…… lend sth to sb ( lend sb sth 借给……什么东西

eg : I borrowed a pen from him he lent a pen to me ( he lent me a pen

80 both = the same(as) = not different(from) 表相同

81 bother 打扰 bother sb to do sth

eg : I'm sorry to bother you ,but can you tell me to way to the station

我十分道歉打扰你,但是你能告诉我怎么去车站

the problem has been bothering me for weeks 这个问题困扰了我几个周了

He's bothering me to lend him money

82 by the end of 到……为止 83 call sb sth eg : We call him old wang

84 care 关心 eg : Don't you care about this country's future ?你为什么不关心国家的未来

85 catch up with sb 赶上某人 86 chat with sb 和某人闲谈 take sb to + 地点 带某人去某地

87 come in 进88 come over to 过来

89 come up with 提出 eg: Can you come up with a good idea 你能想出一个好办法吗?

90 communicate with sb 和某人交流

91 consider + doing 考虑做什么 eg : Why not consider going to lu zhou 为什么不考虑去泸州?

92 dance to 随着……跳舞 eg : She likes dancing to the music 她喜欢随着音乐跳舞

93 decide to do sth 决定做某事 94 do a survey of 做某方面的调查 95 do better in 在……方面做得更好

96 do wrong 做错 97 Don't forget to do sth 不要忘了做某事 98 Don't mind +doing /从句 /名词 不要介意……

99 each +名(单)每一个…eg : Each student has many books 每一个学生都有一些书 100 end up +doing 101 enjoy +doing喜欢 102 escape from 从……逃跑eg: The prisoners have escaped from the prison犯人从监狱里逃跑出来 103 expect to do sth 期待做某事 104 fall down 摔下来 fall off 从哪摔下来 105 fall in love with sb /sth 爱上什么

106 far from 离某地远 eg : The school is far from my home 107 find +it +adj +to do 发现做某事怎么样

108 find sb/sth +adj 发现什么怎么样 eg : I find the book interesting 109 finish 完成+doing(名词)

110 fit to sb = be fit for sb 适合某人 111 forget to do 没有做而忘了 forget doing 做了而又忘了 eg: Don't forget to go home I forget closing door 112 from…to… 从某某到某某 eg: From me for her

113 get /have sth down 做完,被(别人)做…eg: I have my hair cut 我理了发(头发被剪了)

Tom got his bad tooth pulled out 汤母把他的坏牙拔掉了(被牙医拔掉了)

114 get a part-time job= find a part-time job 115 get along well with sb = get on well with sb 与某人相处得好

116 get along with sb = get on with sb 与某人相处 117 get ready for = be ready for为什么而准备eg : I get ready for math I am ready for math 118 get sb in to trouble 给某人麻119 get sb to do sth

120 get…from… 从某处得到某物 121 give a talk 做报告 eg: He is give a tall

122 give sth to sb give sb sth 给某人某物 123 go fish 钓鱼 go swimming 游泳

124 go on to do 去做下一件事 go on doing 继续做这件事 125 go out away from go out of

126 go to school 上学(用于专业的)go to the school 去学校(不一定是上学) 127 good way to 好方法

128 hate to do 讨厌没做过的事 hate doing 讨厌做过的事

129 have a party for sb 举办谁的晚会 130 have a talk 听报告 谈一谈

131 have been doing 现在完成进行时 eg : You have been talking You have been sleeping since

132 have been to …( 地方)……去过某过地方 have gone to …(地方) 去了某地还没回来

133 have fun +doing 玩得高兴 134 have sth to do 有什么事要做

eg: I have a lot of homework to do 我有很多家庭作业要做 I have nothing to do 我没什么事情做

135 have to do sth 必须做某事

136 have trouble (problem) (in) doing sth 做什么事情有麻烦

137 have…time +doing

138 have…(时间)…off 放……假 eg: I have month off 我请一个月得假

139 hear sb +do/doing 听见某人做某事/正在做某事

140 help a lot 很大用处

141 help sb with sth \one's sth 帮助某人某事(某方面) help sb (to) do sth 帮助某人做某事

142 hope to do sth 希望做某事

143 How about(+doing) = What about(+doing)

144 how do you like = what do you think of 你对什么的看法

145 if : 是否=wether

eg: I don't know if (wether) I should go to the party 我不知道我是否应该去参加晚会

He don't know if (wether) we will arrive on time tomorrow morning 他不知道我们明天早上是否能准时到达

146 if :如果,假如(全部接一般时态)+条件语态从句

eg: I'll go to LuZhou if it does't rain 假如明天不下雨,我就去泸州

If they change the plan they will let me know 假如他们要改变计划,他们会让我知道的

I'll go to England ,if I have enough money next year 如果我明年由足够的钱,我就要去英国

147 in one's opinion = sb think 某人认为

148 in some ways 在某些方面

149 in the end = finally(adv) 最后

150 in the north of… 什么在什么的北方 (north 北 sowth 南 west 西 east 东 )

赞同

英语中,所有的语法有哪些

1 (see 、hear 、notice 、find 、feel 、listen to 、 look at (感官动词)+do eg:I like watching monkeys jump

2 (比较级 and 比较级) 表示越来越怎么样

3 a piece of cake =easy 小菜一碟(容易) 4 agree with sb 赞成某人

5 all kinds of 各种各样 a kind of 一样 6 all over the world = the whole world 整个 世界

7 along with同……一道,伴随…… eg : I will go along with you我将和你一起去

the students planted trees along with their teachers 学生同老师们一起种树

8 As soon as 一怎么样就怎么样 9 as you can see 你是知道的

10 ask for ……求助 向…要…(直接接想要的东西) eg : ask you for my book

11 ask sb for sth 向某人什么

12 ask sb to do sth 询问某人某事 ask sb not to do 叫某人不要做某事

13 at the age of 在……岁时 eg:I am sixteen I am at the age of sixteen

14 at the beginning of …… ……的起初;……的开始

15 at the end of +地点/+时间 最后;尽头;末尾 eg : At the end of the day

16 at this time of year 在每年的这个时候

17 be /feel confident of sth /that clause +从句 感觉/对什么有信心,自信

eg : I am / feel confident of my spoken English I feel that I can pass the test

18 be + doing 表:1 现在进行时 2 将来时

19 be able to (+ v 原) = can (+ v 原) 能够…… eg : She is able to sing She can sing

20 be able to do sth 能够干什么 eg :she is able to sing

21 be afraid to do (of sth 恐惧,害怕…… eg : I'm afraed to go out at night I'm afraid of dog

22 be allowed to do 被允许做什么

eg: I'm allowed to watch TV 我被允许看电视 I should be allowed to watch TV 我应该被允许看电视

23 be angry with sb 生某人的气 eg : Don't be angry with me

24 be angry with(at) sb for doing sth 为什么而生某人的气

25 be as…原级…as 和什么一样 eg : She is as tall as me 她和我一样高

26 be ashamed to 27 be away from 远离 28 be away from 从……离开

29 be bad for 对什么有害 eg : Reading books in the sun is bad for your eyes 在太阳下看书对你的眼睛不好

30 be born 出生于 31 be busy doing sth 忙于做什么事 be busy with sth 忙于……

32 be careful 当心;小心 33 be different from…… 和什么不一样

34 be famous for 以……著名 35 be friendly to sb 对某人友好

36 be from = come from 来自 eg :He is from Bejing He comes from Bejing Is he from Bejing ? Does he come from Bejing ?

37 be full of 装满……的 be filled with 充满 eg: the glass is full of water the glass is filled with water

38 be glad+to+do/从句 39 be going to + v(原) 将来时

40 be good at(+doing) = do well in 在某方面善长, 善于……

41 be good for 对什么有好处 eg : Reading aloud is good for your English

42 be happy to do 很高兴做某事

43 be helpful to sb 对某人有好处

eg : Reading aloud is helpful to you 大声朗读对你有好处

Exercising is helpful to your bady 锻炼对你的身体有好处

44 be in good health 身体健康

45 be in trouble 处于困难中 eg : She is in trouble They are in tronble

46 be interested in 对某方面感兴趣

47 be late for = come late to 迟到 eg: Be late for class 上课迟到

48 be like 像…… eg : I'm like my mother

49 be mad at 生某人的气

50 be made from 由……制成(制成以后看不见原材料)

51 be made of 由……制成(制成以后还看得见原材料) 52 be not sure 表不确定

53 be on a visit to 参观 54 be popular with sb 受某人欢迎

55 be quiet 安静 56 be short for 表**的缩写 eg: 陶 is short for 陶俊杰

57 be sick in bed 生病在床 58 be sorry to do sth be sorry for sb eg : I am sorry for you

59 be sorry to hear that 60 be sorry to trouble sb eg : I am sorry to trouble you

61 be strict in doing sth 严于做某事 eg : He's strict in obeying noles

62 be strict with sb 对某人要求严格 eg: Some students are not strict with them selves 这些学生对自己不严格

63 be strict with sb in sth 某方面对某人严格 64 be supposed to do 被要求干什么

65 be sure 表确定 66 be sure of doing sth 对做某事有信心 eg: He is sure of winning I am sure of learning English well

67 be sure of sth 对做某事有信心 eg: I'm sure of my head (my teacher 我相信我的大脑(老师)

68 be sure that sth 对做某事有信心 eg: I'm suer that he can pass the test 我相信他能通过考试

69 be sure to do sth一定会做某事eg: We are sure to pass the test 我们一定会通过这次考试 We are sure to learn English well 我们一定能学好英语

70 be terrified of + 名/动doing 害怕…… 71 be terrified to do sth 害怕做某事

72 be the same as … 和什么一样 73 be used to doing sth 习惯做某事

eg: My father is used to getting up early 我爸爸习惯早He is used to sleeping in class 他习惯上课睡觉

74 be worth doing 值得做什么 75 be(feel) afraid to do sth 害怕做某事be afraid of sth 害怕某物 be afraid that 丛句

76 because+句子 because of +短语

eg : He was late because he had a headache He was late because of his headache

77 begin to do = start to do 开始做某事 start…with…=begin…with… 以什么开始什么

eg : Let's begin the game with the song I begin to go home

78 between…and… 两者之间

79 borrow sth from sb 向……借…… lend sth to sb ( lend sb sth 借给……什么东西

eg : He was late because he had a headache He was late because of his headache

77 begin to do = start to do 开始做某事 start…with…=begin…with… 以什么开始什么

eg : Let's begin the game with the song I begin to go home

78 between…and… 两者之间

79 borrow sth from sb 向……借…… lend sth to sb ( lend sb sth 借给……什么东西

eg : I borrowed a pen from him he lent a pen to me ( he lent me a pen

80 both = the same(as) = not different(from) 表相同

81 bother 打扰 bother sb to do sth

eg : I'm sorry to bother you ,but can you tell me to way to the station

我十分道歉打扰你,但是你能告诉我怎么去车站

the problem has been bothering me for weeks 这个问题困扰了我几个周了

He's bothering me to lend him money

82 by the end of 到……为止 83 call sb sth eg : We call him old wang

84 care 关心 eg : Don't you care about this country's future ?你为什么不关心国家的未来

85 catch up with sb 赶上某人 86 chat with sb 和某人闲谈 take sb to + 地点 带某人去某地

87 come in 进88 come over to 过来

89 come up with 提出 eg: Can you come up with a good idea 你能想出一个好办法吗?

90 communicate with sb 和某人交流

91 consider + doing 考虑做什么 eg : Why not consider going to lu zhou 为什么不考虑去泸州?

92 dance to 随着……跳舞 eg : She likes dancing to the music 她喜欢随着音乐跳舞

93 decide to do sth 决定做某事 94 do a survey of 做某方面的调查 95 do better in 在……方面做得更好

96 do wrong 做错 97 Don't forget to do sth 不要忘了做某事 98 Don't mind +doing /从句 /名词 不要介意……

99 each +名(单)每一个…eg : Each student has many books 每一个学生都有一些书 100 end up +doing 101 enjoy +doing喜欢 102 escape from 从……逃跑eg: The prisoners have escaped from the prison犯人从监狱里逃跑出来 103 expect to do sth 期待做某事 104 fall down 摔下来 fall off 从哪摔下来 105 fall in love with sb /sth 爱上什么

106 far from 离某地远 eg : The school is far from my home 107 find +it +adj +to do 发现做某事怎么样

108 find sb/sth +adj 发现什么怎么样 eg : I find the book interesting 109 finish 完成+doing(名词)

110 fit to sb = be fit for sb 适合某人 111 forget to do 没有做而忘了 forget doing 做了而又忘了 eg: Don't forget to go home I forget closing door 112 from…to… 从某某到某某 eg: From me for her

113 get /have sth down 做完,被(别人)做…eg: I have my hair cut 我理了发(头发被剪了)

Tom got his bad tooth pulled out 汤母把他的坏牙拔掉了(被牙医拔掉了)

114 get a part-time job= find a part-time job 115 get along well with sb = get on well with sb 与某人相处得好

116 get along with sb = get on with sb 与某人相处 117 get ready for = be ready for为什么而准备eg : I get ready for math I am ready for math 118 get sb in to trouble 给某人麻119 get sb to do sth

120 get…from… 从某处得到某物 121 give a talk 做报告 eg: He is give a tall

122 give sth to sb give sb sth 给某人某物 123 go fish 钓鱼 go swimming 游泳

124 go on to do 去做下一件事 go on doing 继续做这件事 125 go out away from go out of

126 go to school 上学(用于专业的)go to the school 去学校(不一定是上学) 127 good way to 好方法

128 hate to do 讨厌没做过的事 hate doing 讨厌做过的事

129 have a party for sb 举办谁的晚会 130 have a talk 听报告 谈一谈

131 have been doing 现在完成进行时 eg : You have been talking You have been sleeping since

132 have been to …( 地方)……去过某过地方 have gone to …(地方) 去了某地还没回来

133 have fun +doing 玩得高兴 134 have sth to do 有什么事要做

eg: I have a lot of homework to do 我有很多家庭作业要做 I have nothing to do 我没什么事情做

135 have to do sth 必须做某事

136 have trouble (problem) (in) doing sth 做什么事情有麻烦

137 have…time +doing

138 have…(时间)…off 放……假 eg: I have month off 我请一个月得假

139 hear sb +do/doing 听见某人做某事/正在做某事

140 help a lot 很大用处

141 help sb with sth \one's sth 帮助某人某事(某方面) help sb (to) do sth 帮助某人做某事

142 hope to do sth 希望做某事

143 How about(+doing) = What about(+doing)

144 how do you like = what do you think of 你对什么的看法

145 if : 是否=wether

eg: I don't know if (wether) I should go to the party 我不知道我是否应该去参加晚会

He don't know if (wether) we will arrive on time tomorrow morning 他不知道我们明天早上是否能准时到达

146 if :如果,假如(全部接一般时态)+条件语态从句

eg: I'll go to LuZhou if it does't rain 假如明天不下雨,我就去泸州

If they change the plan they will let me know 假如他们要改变计划,他们会让我知道的

I'll go to England ,if I have enough money next year 如果我明年由足够的钱,我就要去英国

147 in one's opinion = sb think 某人认为

148 in some ways 在某些方面

149 in the end = finally(adv) 最后

150 in the north of… 什么在什么的北方 (north 北 sowth 南 west 西 east 东 )

英语a级考试技巧

英语A级应试技巧

语法结构 (Structure)

一、测试要点

语法结构 (Structure)部分包括两节(Section A and Section B)。本部分测试考点于用英语句法结构,语法和词性(词形变化)的能力。测试范围限于《基本要求》中的“词汇表”(A级学生应该认知3,400个英语单词,以及由这些词构成的常用词组)和“语法结构表”所规定的全部内容。本部分得分值占总分的15%,测试时间为15分钟。

Section A 本节的题型为多项选择题,试卷中给出一个不完整的句子,下面有4个选择项,要求考生从4个选择项中选出最佳答案。共10题,题号是16—25,每题0.5分,共5分。本节测试要点是测试学生对英语基本语法知识掌握和运用的能力。测试的范围含有“语法结构表”的全部内容,但主要涉及以下基本语法知识和内容:谓语动词、非谓语动词、词类用法、句法结构、常用句型等。

Section B 本节的题型为填空题,共10题,题号是26-35,每题1分,共10分。本节的测试要点为词性转换和语法结构。其中有几题测试词性变化,主要指动词、名词、形容词和副词四大类实词之间的转化;题干中给出词的原形或词根,要求考生根据句子的含义以及构词方法填入正确的词形。另外几题测试语法知识,其范围主要有:动词的时态、语态、语气及主谓语一致,非谓语动词,形容词和副词的比较级和最高级等。

二、应试技巧

Section A 多项选择题

根据对教育部高等教育司《基本要求》和《应用能力考试大纲》的研究尤其是对近年高等学校应用能力考试(A级)实考试卷的分析和研究,我们将语法结构(Structure)题中的多项选择题(Section A)的考点,归纳为五种测试题型:谓语动词题、非谓语动词题、语法搭配题、句法结构题和常用句型题。这样分类可以使其在考点上化繁为简,内容上化难为易,是考生在判断上更具条理性,做题上更具操作性,给考生提供了一个解题上优化思路的方法,使其简便易行,便于掌握。如果考生熟悉并掌握了这些测试题型(考点)。明确题目测试的要点和关键就能做到有目的,有重点,有条理的分析句子,并能在较短的时间内选择出正确答案。

在做本节的选择题时,考生应在平时养成良好解题习惯的基础上,注意以下几个方面的问题:

1. 读懂句子,理解题意。

这是做题的第一步,也是关键的一步。题意没有看懂,就谈不上选择出正确答案。首先要读懂句子,分析该句的结构以及主要成分(主语、谓语、宾语等),大致理解该题的意思,做题时应记住该题是“英语”题,不是“汉语”题,因此不要用汉语的习惯进行思考、分析、判断和选择。

2. 认准考点,明确意图。

读懂题意之后,要大致推断出该句的测试题型,即考点,明确命题者的意图。按照上述的五大考点:谓语动词题、非谓语动词题、语法搭配题、句法结构题和常用句型题,结合该题的题干和选项进行分析,认准该题的考点。抓住了考点就抓住了关键,其他问题就能迎刃而解,然后运用掌握的词汇、短语和语法知识进行分析、判断和选择。

3. 意义和语法并重

正确选项必须满足题目意义和语法结构两方面的要求。不要以为语法结构对了,选择的答案也就对了,还应考虑题目意义方面的需求。英语中有不少的惯用词语搭配,习惯表达法和特殊用法等,都需要考生特别注意。

4. 思路开阔,做题细心

要利用题目中所给出的信息开阔自己的思路和分析方法,不要用一成不变的思路和方法去选择答案,可以从不同角度去思考和分析每道试题,因为试题中多一个词或少一个词,就可以完全改变该题的测试要点。要细心地分析,判断是否有更合适的选择项,因为只有一个选项是正确的。做题细心不仅是好的态度,也是好的方法。

Section B 填空题

本节的测试要点为词性转换和语法结构,这两项测试要点(考点)考生务必牢牢记住。该试题主要考察考生正确、熟练的使用词汇的能力,其形式主要通过词性转换或词形变化,即通过正确使用词性(动词、名词、形容词、副词等),正确使用构词性(派生性、合成法和转换法),或根据语法结构(词法或句法)的要求正确使用相应的词形,是填入空白处的词或词组正确、恰当、使整个句子的意思完整、连贯。一些考生在做这一节试题时,有时失分或失分较多。究其原因不外以下四个方面:1. 对英语词性的准确判断不够;2. 对英语构词法的掌握程度不够;3. 对英语语法结构的理解和运用不够;4. 对英语词汇拼写和正确和规范注意不够。

根据本节测试要点和测试形式以及考生做题时存在的问题,给考生提出以下正确的解题方法和应试技巧供参考。

1. 读懂句子,判断成分,认准考点。

首要认真细心地读懂每道题的大意,判断句子的结构以及空格处应添如什么句子成分,从而认准考题的考点是词性变化或是语法结构,二者必居其一,别无其他第三个考点。

2. 明确四大实词的转化和语法功能

考生应认识到英语四大实词(动词、名词、形容词、副词)在句子中的重要作用,他们是句子的主干、中心和关键。本节试题的重点就是动词、名词、形容词和副词,考生不但要熟练掌握这四大实词之间的转化规律和方法,而且要明确并掌握这四大实词的语法功能。一般说来,动词在句中一般作谓语;名词在句中作主语、宾语或表语;形容词在句中作定语来修饰名词,作表语时置于联系动词之后,或做宾语补充语;副词在句中作状语,修饰动词或形容词等。

3. 若确定考点为词形转换,则要选用构词法

考生推断并确定试题的考点为词形变化题,则根据对句子的理解和句子结构的分析推断出应填入空格处的词的词性,再根据括号中所给出的词,运用构词法中的派生法,进行相应的变化——加前缀(prefix)或后缀(suffix),将其正确的形式填入空格处。

4. 若确定考点为语法结构,则要认准语法点

考生推断并确定试题的考点为语法结构题,则根据对句子结构的分析和对全句的理解,推断而认准测试的语法点,再根据括号中所给出的词,将其正确地语法形式填入空格。本节测试的语法点主要是指四大实词的语法要点,其语法范围主要包括:动词的各种时态、被动语态、虚拟语气、非谓语动词(动词不定式、动名词、现在分词和过去分词)的变化和运用等:名词单、复数形式、以及主谓语一致等;形容词和副词的比较级和最高级等。

祝你成功!

TAG: 语法