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英语一般否定句 英语一般否定句的回答方式

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目录

英语一般否定句 英语一般否定句的回答方式

英语的否定句怎么写

1. 简单句中含有系动词be、情态动词和助动词时,变否定句时需在系动词be、情态动词和助动词后加not。如: I am a teacher.→I am not a teacher.

He can help me.→He can't help me.

2.简单句中谓语动词为行为动词时,要根据时态选用do的相应形式,把肯定句变为否定句。如:

The little girl wants to go there.→The little girl doesn't want to go there.

He did his work yesterday.→ He didn't do his work yesterday.

3.祈使句变否定句时,一般在句首加Don't,但Let us或Let's开头的祈使句在 Let us或 Let's后加not即可。如:

Put them over there.→Don't put them over there.

Let us go home.→Let us not go home.

4.主从复合句中,主句是I think,I believe等结构,变否定句时,形式上否定主句,实际上否定从句。如:

I don't think chickens can swim .我认为鸡不会游泳。

5.“had better +动词原形”,变否定句时为“had better not +动词原形”。如:

You'd better go to school.→ You'd better not go to school.

6.动词不定式变否定式时,常在不定式to前加not。如:

The teacher tells me to do it.→ The teacher tells me not to do it.

7.使役动词和感官动词(make,let,hear,see,watch等)后接省略to的不定式,此种不定式变否定句时只需在省略to的动词原形前加not。如:

I saw her work.→I saw her not work.

8.特殊形式的否定句,有以下几种:

(1)肯定句含有every-的合成词时,变否定句时改为no-。如:

Everything is ready.→Nothing is ready.

(2)肯定句中含有always, usually和ever时,变否定句时改为never。如:

He is always late for school.→He is never late for school.

(3)肯定句含有many,much时,变否定句时分别改为few,little。如:

Many students know him.→Few students know him.

(4)肯定句中含有still时,变否定句时应改为no longer。如:

Tom is still in bed.→Tom is no longer in bed.

(5)肯定句含有both, both...and,all时,变否定句时应改为never,neither...nor,none。如:

Both of us are students.→Neither of us is a student.

(6)肯定句含有nearly, almost时,变否定句时应改为 hardly。如:

Lily nearly knows him .→Lily hardly knows him .

(7)肯定句含有“形容词+ enough”时,变为否定句时应改为“too +形容词的反义词”。如:

He is short enough to reachit.He is too tall to reach it.

(8)谓语动词是be,have(有)或谓语含有助动词、情态动词时,直接在这些词后加上否定词not。如:

She can swim.She can't swim.

(9)谓语动词是行为动词时,要在该动词前加上do /does /did not,该词恢复原形。如:

He gets up early.He doesn't get up early.

(10)既要否定谓语动词,又要变换句中的单词。如:

He can read and write.He can't read or write.

(11)用含否定意义的词或词组取代肯定句中的某些词或词组。如:

I know both English and Chi- nese.I know neither English nor Chinese.

类似的有:ever /alwaysnever, somebodynobody,somethingnothing, everybody no one,almost hardly

9.祈使句的肯定式变否定式

(1)一般在动词前加上 don't。如:

Open the window .Don't open the window.

(2)含有“Let's...”的祈使句,一般用“Let'snot...”的形式,美国人偶尔也用“Don'tlet's...”这一形式。加强语气时使用“Let'sdon't...”这一形式。如: Let's go there.Let's not go there.

10.复合句的肯定式变否定式

一般将主句变为否定式。如:I saw her when I left .I didn't see her when I left.

英语一般否定句的回答方式

No,I will not

虽然翻译成中文是“是的”,但英语对应的应该是“no”。

对于这种否定句的回答,都是以后边为主,比如这题 回答应该是“我不会lose her”,就是“I will not”,所以前边就是“no”

二十个英语否定句

1. There is not a moment to be lost. 分秒必争。

2. There is no holding back the wheel of history. 历史车轮不可阻挡。

3. Not a soul was anywhere visible. 到处见不到一个人。

4. I felt sorry for not coming in time. 我很抱歉没准时到。

5. I don’t think it is right to make such a hasty decision. 我认为如此仓促做决定是不正确的。

6. Everybody, it is true, wouldn’t like it. 的确并不是人人都喜欢它。

7. I don’t wholly agree. 我并不完全同意。

8. All my plans came to nothing. 我的一切计划都没实现。

9. I shall never do it, not under any circumstances. 我不会做那事的。

10. I’ll not do such a thing, not I. 我不会干这种事的,决不会。

11. I could not assent to, much less participate in such proceedings. 我对这种行为不能赞同,哪里还说得上参加。

12. I did not even see him, still less shake hands with him. 我看都没看见他,哪里还可能同他握手呢?

13. I never thought of it, let alone did I do it. 我想都没想到它,更谈不上去做了。

14. Little remains to be said. 简直没什么可说的了。

15. I have hardly ever been out of Beijing. 我几乎未曾离开过北京。

16.I saw little or nothing of him after you were gone. 你走后我很少看见他,几乎可说完全没见过他。

17. I could not help showing my pleasure. 我不禁喜形于色。

18. I cannot but admire his courage. 我不得不赞美他的勇气。

19. I never see you but I think of my brother. 我每次见到你就想起我的兄弟来。(我没有一次不是见到你就想起我的兄弟来。)

20. It simply will not do. 那是绝对不行的。

在英语中什么叫一般否定句

比较简单的一类否定句吧,比如在助动词do,does,did后加not变否定句

TAG: 否定句