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八年级宾语从句讲解 英语宾语从句专练及答案

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八年级宾语从句讲解 英语宾语从句专练及答案

初二英语宾语从句讲解??

在复合句中用作宾语的从句叫宾语从句。

  1.语序

  无论主句是陈述句还是疑问句,宾语从句都必须使用陈述语序,即“主句+连词+宾语从句(主语+谓语+……)”句式。根据连接词在从句中所担任的不同成分,可分为以下四种:

  1)连接词+谓语。连接词在从句中作主语。常见的连接词有: who,what,which等。如:

  Could you tell me who knows the answer,please?你能告诉我谁知道答案吗?

  The small children don't know what is in their stockings.这些小孩子不知道袜子里有什么东西?

  2)连接词+名词+谓语。连接词在从句中作主语的定语。常见的连接词有:whose,what,which,how many,how much等。如:

  He asked whose handwriting was the best in our class.他问我们班上谁的书法最好。

  The teacher asked us how many people there were in the room.老师问我们房间里有多少人。

  3)连接词+主语+谓语。连接词在从句中作宾语、状语或表语。常见的连接词有:who(m),what,which,how many,how much, when,why,how,where,if /whether(在句中不充当任何成分)等。如:

  He hasn't decided if he'll go on a trip to Wuxi.他还没决定是否去无锡旅行。

  Could you tell me what I should do with the money ?你能告诉我我如何处理这笔钱吗?

  4)连接词+名词+主语+谓语。连接词在从句中作宾语或表语的定语。常见的连接词有:what,which,how many,how much,how等。如:

  Do you know which class he is in ?你知道他在哪个班吗?

  She asked me if I knew whose pen it was.她问我是否知道这是谁的钢笔。

  2.连接词

  1)当由陈述句充当宾语从句时,用that引导,that无词义,在口语或非正式文体中常省略。如:

  He said that he could finish his work before supper.他说他会在晚饭前完成工作。

  2)当由一般疑问句充当宾语从句时,用if或whether引导,意为“是否”。如:

  I don't know if /whether he still lives here after so many years.我不知道这么多年后他是否还住在这儿。

  但在下列情况下只能用whether:

  ①在具有选择意义,又有or或or not时,尤其是直接与or not连用时,往往用whether(if…or not也可以使用)。如:

  Let me know whether /if he will come or not.(=Let me know whether or not he will come)让我知道他是否能来。

  I don't know whether /if he does any washing or not.(=I don't know whether or not he does any washing.)我不知道他洗不洗衣服。

  I wonder whether we stay or whether wego.我不知道我们是去还是留。

  ②在介词之后用whether。如:

  I'm interested in whether he likes English.我关心的是他是否喜欢英语。

  We're thinking about whether we can finish the work on time.我们正在考虑是否能按时完成这项工作。

  I worry about whether I hurt her feelings.我担心是否伤了她的感情。

  ③在不定式前用whether。如:

  He hasn't decided whether to visit the old man.他尚未决定是否拜访那位老人。

  I don't know whether to go.我不知去否。

  He hasn't decided whether to go by bus or by train.他还未决定是乘公共汽车去还是坐火车去。

  ④whether置于句首时,不能换用if。如:

  Whether this is true or not,I can't say.这是否真的我说不上来。

  ⑤引导主语从句和表语从句时宜用whether。如:

  Whether she will come or not is still a question.她是否能来还是个问题。

  The question is whether we can catch the bus.问题是我们能否赶上公共汽车。

  ⑥若用if会引起歧义时,则用whether。如:

  Please let me know if you like the book.可理解为:

  a.Please let me know whether you like the book.请告诉我你是否喜欢这本书。

  b.If you like the book,please let me know.你如果喜欢这本书,请告诉我。

  3)如果宾语从句原来是特殊疑问句,只需用原来的特殊疑问词引导。如:

  Could you tell me why you were late for the meeting this morning?你能告诉我今天早上你为什么开会迟到吗?

  3.时态

  含宾语从句的复合句,主、从句谓语动词的时态呼应应包括以下三点内容:

  1)如果主句的谓语动词是一般现在时,从句的谓语动词可根据需要,选用相应的任何时态。如:

  I don't know when he will come back.我不知道他将何时回来。

  He tells me that his sister came back yesterday.他告诉我他姐姐昨天回来了。

  2)如果主句的谓语动词是过去时,宾语从句的谓语动词只可根据需要,选用过去时态即一般过去时、过去进行时、过去将来时或过去完成时的某一种形式。如:

  ①The children didn't know who he was.孩子们不知道他是谁。

  ②He asked his father how it happened.他问他父亲这件事是如何发生的。

  3)如果宾语从句所表示的是客观事实、普遍真理、自然现象或习惯性动作等,不管主句用什么时态,从句时态都用一般现在时。如:

  The teacher said that the earth goes round the sun.老师说地球绕着太阳转。

  4.注意:

  if和when既可以引导宾语从句,也可以引导状语从句,应注意它们在两种从句中的意思和用法的不同。if和when引导宾语从句时,分别意为“是否”和“何时”,其时态应和主句时态相呼应;它们引导状语从句时,意思分别为“如果,假如”和“当……时候”,当主句时态是一般将来时时,其时态用一般现在时。它们常常放在含有状语从句和宾语从句的题干中进行综合考查。如:

  —Do you know when he will come back tomorrow ?你知道他明天什么时候回来吗?

  —Sorry,I don't know.When he comes back,I'll tell you.对不起,不知道。当他回来了,我将告诉你。

  —I don't know if he will come.我不知道他是否会来。

  —He will come if it doesn't rain.如果不下雨,他会来的。

  简化宾语从句常用六法

  同学们常会遇到把含有宾语从句的复合句转化为简单句,使其与原句意思相同(或相近)的试题。下面就介绍几种常用的简化宾语从句的方法:

    方法一:当主句谓语动词是hope, decide, wish, choose, agree, promise等,且宾语从句的主语与主句主语一致时,宾语从句可简化为不定式结构。例如:

    Li Ming hopes he will be back very soon. →Li Ming hopes to be back very soon.

    We decided that we would help him. →We decided to help him.

    方法二:当主句谓语动词是know, learn, remember, forget, tell等动词,且主句主语与从句主语一致时,宾语从句可简化为“疑问词+不定式”结构。例如:

    She has forgotten how she can open the window. →She has forgotten how to open the window.

    注:当主句谓语动词是tell, ask, show, teach等动词,且后带双宾语,从句主语和间接宾语一致时,宾语从句可简化为“疑问词+不定式”结构。例如:

    Could you tell me how I can get to the station? →Could you tell me how to get to the station?

    方法三:当主句的谓语动词是order(命令),require(需要)等时,如果主句和从句的主语不一致,宾语从句可简化为“名词(代词)+不定式”结构。例如:

    The headmaster ordered that we should start at once. → The headmaster ordered us to start at once.

    方法四:某些动词后的宾语从句,可以用介词加动名词(短语)等其他形式简化。例如:

    He insisted that he should go with us. →He insisted on going with us.

    The poor boy doesn’t know when and where he was born. →The poor boy doesn’t know the time and the place of his birth.

    方法五:某些动词后面的宾语从句可转化为“宾语+V-ing形式(作宾语补足语)”结构。例如:

    Liu Ping found that there was a wallet lying on the ground. → Liu Ping found a wallet lying on the ground.

    方法六:动词seem后的宾语从句,也可以用不定式(短语)来简化,但句型需要进行适当的变化。例如:

    It seemed that the boys were going to win. →The boys seemed to win.

    除上述方法外,还有一些特殊句式的转化。例如:

    I found that it was difficult to learn English well. →I found it difficult to learn English well.

  Soon we found that the ground was covered with thick snow. →Soon we found the ground covered with thick snow.

  They found that the box was very heavy. →They found the box very heavy

  初中英语宾语从句语法专项精选试题

  习题(一)

  1 The girls asked if they ____ some food and drink with them.

  A. took B. take C. takes D. will take

  2 Catherine said that she ___ to Guangzhou.

  A. has never gone B. had never gone C. has never been D. had never been

  3 The students want to know whether they___ dictation today.

  A. had B. has . C. will have D. are

  4 She asked Linda if___ go and get some.

  A. could she B. she could C. she can D. she may

  5 Linda said the moon___ round the earth.

  A. travelled B. has travelled C. travells D. had travelled

  答案:1-5 A D C B C

  习题(二)

  1 Can you tell me___ you were born, Betty

  A. who B. what C. when D. that

  2 I don't know ___ they have passed the exam.

  A. what B. if C. when D. where

  3 I hardly understand. ___ he has told me.

  A. that B. what C. which D. who

  4 She didn't know___ back soon.

  A. whether he would be B. if would he be C. he will be

  5. I don't know _____ he still lives here after so many years.

  A. whether B where C. what D. when

  6. Do you know _____ they listened to yesterday evening

  A. what B when C why D how

  7. He asked me _____told me the accident.

  A whom B which C who D whose

  答案:1-7 C B B A A A C

  习题(三)

  1. They don't know their parents are.

  A that B what C why D which

  2. Please tell me ______what last year.

  A. where does your sister work B where did your sister work C where your sister works D where your sister worked

  3. She asked me if I knew ______.

  A. whose pen is it B. whose pen it was C. whose pen it is D. whose pen was it

  4. You must remember ________.

  A. what your mother said B. what did your mother say

  C. your mother said what D. what has your mother said

  5 Did you know ____

  A. who he was looking after B. who was he looking for

  C. who he is looking for D. who he is looking after

  6 Could you tell me ___

  A. when will they leave Beijing B. when would they leave Beijing

  C. when they will leave Beijing D. when did they leave Beijing

  答案:1-6 B D B A A C

  习题(四)

  1. In the bookshop, a reader asked the shop keeper _____ Who Moved My Cheese was an interesting book. (北京市东城区)

  A. that B. how C. whatD. if

  2. —I don't know _____ Mr. Green will come to see us.

  —He will help us with our English. (杭州市)

  A. why B. when C. how D. where

  3. —We never know _____ the old m an is.

  —They say he is a teacher. (鄂州市)

  A. what B. who C. which D. where

  4. I was told _____ Bill Gates was thirteen he began to play with computers. (重庆市)

  A. that how B. how that C. when that D. that when

  5. —Do you know _____ I'm going to see him.

  —Sorry, I don't know. (北京市海淀区)

  A. where does Mr. Li live B. where did Mr. Li live

  C. where Mr. Li lives D. where Mr. Li lived

  6. —W here do you think _____ he _____ the computer

  —Sorry, I have no idea. (南京市)

  A. /; bought B. has; bought C. did; buy D. does; buy

  7. I don't feel very well. Mum asked me _____ this morning. (重庆市)

  A. what the matter is B. what is wrong

  C. what the matter was D. what wrong was

  8. —Where is Jack

  —He is away to spend his holiday. He's gone either to Hangzhou or to Wuhan, but I'm not sure _____ . (南昌市)

  A. that B. which C. where D. there

  答案:1—4 D A A D 5—8 C A C C

初二英语的宾语从句

宾语从句在复合句中作主语的宾语。引导宾语从句的词通常可分为以下几类:

1)连词that(在口语和非正式文体中常省去)

She said (that) she missed us very much.她说她非常想念我们。

2)连接代词(what ,who,which,whose)或连接副词(when,where,why,how)以及由how构成的词组how many,how long 等。

He asked who could answer the question.他问谁能回答这个问题。

3)连接词if或whether

Could you tell us if (whether) it snows in winter in Australia?请告诉我们澳大利亚冬天下不下雪,好吗?

初二宾语从句的知识点

嘿嘿、这是我们老师上课讲的、我简单记了一下

一、引导词

1.当宾语从句是陈述句时,引导词用that

2.当宾语是从一般疑问句变化而来,并且表示“是否”的时候是用whether或if

3.由特殊疑问句转化而来的宾语从句使用特殊疑问词引导。

二、语序

宾语从句必须使用陈述语序

三、时态(保持一致)

1.如果用in1999等、、不能改变的表示过去的时间状语,仍然用一般过去时

2.如果宾语从句为客观事实、自然真理等 仍然要使用一般现在时。

还有whether和if区别

1.whether一般与or not 连用

3.介词后通常用whether

以上这些就是我记得 、、很珍贵哦

希望能给你带来用处 、、 认真反复读几遍 理解一下

就这样吧 bye

什么是宾语从句?简单点,初二学生能看懂。

在句子中起宾语作用的从句叫做宾语从句.宾语从句分为三类:动词的宾语从句,介词的宾语从句和形容词的宾语从句.

  时态:1·主句用一般现在时,从句可用任意时。

  2·主句用过去时,从句用过去某个时态。

  3·主句用过去时,从句是真理时,只用一般现在时。

  1.宾语从句的连接词

  从属连词

  连接宾语从句的从属连词主要有that,if,whether.

  that引导表示陈述句的宾语从句,而if和whether引导表示“是否”的宾语从句.

  He told that he would go to the college the next year

  他告诉我他下一年上大学.

  I don’t know if there will be a bus any more.

  我不知道是否还会有公交车.

  Nobody knew whether he could pass the exam.

  没人知道他是否会通过考试.

  连接代词

  连接代词主要有who, whom ,whose ,what ,whoever ,whomever ,whosever, whatever, whichever等.

  连接代词一般指疑问,但what, whatever除了指疑问外,也可以指陈述.

  Do you know who has won Red Alert game?

  你知道谁赢了这一局红警游戏吗?

  I don’t know whom you should depend on.

  我不知道你该依靠谁.

  The book will show you what the best CEOs know.

  这本书会告诉你最好的执行总裁该了解些什么.

  Have you determined whichever you should buy,a Motorola or Nokia cell phone?

  你决定好是买诺基亚还是摩托罗拉的电话了吗?

  连接副词

  连接副词主要有when,where,why,how,whenever,wherever,however等.

  He didn’t tell me when we should meet again.

  他没有告诉我什么时候我们能再见面.

  Could you please tell me how you read the new panel?

  你能展示给我怎么用这个新的操作盘吗?

  None of us knows where these new parts can be bought.

  没有人知道这些的新的零件能在哪里买到.

  2.动词的宾语从句

  大多数动词都可以带宾语从句

  We all expect that they will win , for members of their team are stronger.

  我们都预料他们会赢,因为他们的队员更强壮.

  He told us that they would help us though the whole work.

  他告诉我们在整个工作中,他都会帮忙的.

  部分“动词+副词”结构也可以带宾语从句

  I have found out that all the tickets for the concert have been sold out.

  我发现这场音乐会的所有票都卖光了.

  Can you work out how much we will spend during the trip?

  你能计算出这次旅行我们将花费多少钱吗?

  动词短语也可以带宾语从句

  常见的这些词有:

  make sure确保 make up one’s mind下决心 keep in mind牢记

  Make sure that there are no mistakes in your papers before you turn them in.

  在上交试卷前确保没有任何错误.

想知道想关的表语从句,定语从句,同位语从句等等,请见: http://baike.baidu.com/view/343.html?wtp=tt

初中宾语从句详解

一、当由陈述句充当宾语从句时,用that引导,that无词义,在口语或非正式文体中常省略。如:

  She said that she would leave the message on the headmaster's desk.她说她会把留言条放在校长桌子上。

  He said that he could finish his work before supper.他说他会在晚饭前完成工作

二、当由一般疑问句充当宾语从句时,用if或whether引导,意为“是否”。如:

  Alice wanted to know if/whether her grandmother liked the bag.爱丽斯想知道她祖母是否喜欢这个包。

I don't know whether he'll come the day after tomorrow.我不知道他后天是否会来

但直接与or not连用时,往往用whether(if…or not也可以使用)。如:

  Let me know whether / if he will come or not.(= Let me know whether or not he will come )让我知道他是否能来。

  I don't know whether / if he does any washing or not.(= I don't know whether or not he does any washing. )我不知道他在家洗不洗衣服。

I wonder whether we stay or whether we go.我想知道我们是去还是留。

三、如果宾语从句原来是特殊疑问句,只需用原来的疑问词引导。如:

  Could you tell me where we will have the meeting this afternoon?你能告诉我我们今天下午将在哪儿开会吗?

I don't know who bought the present for me. Is it Jack?我不知道谁给我买了礼物。是杰克吗?

下面的表格可以帮助大家理解这一部分内容

句式

连词

语序

陈述句

that

不变

一般疑问句

If/whether

改为陈述语序

特殊疑问句

特殊疑问词

改为陈述语序

宾语从句的时态问题

主句

一般现在时态

一般过去时态

从句

保留原来时态

改为过去的某个时态

客观事实和自然现象除外

所谓过去的某个时态指的是如下的变化

一般现在时态

一般过去时态

现在进行时态

过去进行时态(was/were doing)

现在完成时态

过去完成时态(had +过去分词)

一般将来时态

过去将来时态(would do;was/were going to do)    

TAG: 宾语从句