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虚拟语气动词口诀 宾语从句虚拟语气口诀

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虚拟语气动词口诀 宾语从句虚拟语气口诀

虚拟语气有什么口诀或者诀窍没有?

虚拟语气, 愿望难成, 违背事实, 时态后退. 好好理解下 虚拟语气就往里套就好了

常用虚拟语气的动词

request

suggest

commend

归纳虚拟语气使用方法

虚拟语气是一种动词形式,表示说话人的一种愿望,假设,怀疑,猜测,建议等含义,虚拟语气所表示的含义不是客观存在的事实。 If I were you, I'd take them away. 如果我是你的话,我就会带走他们。 If I had met Li Hua, I could had told him. 如果我碰见了李华,我就告诉他了。 If I had time. I could come to help you. 如果我有时间,我会来帮助你的。 He suggested that our class should be divided into five groups. 他建议说我们的班应该分成五个小组。 He speaks to us as if he had been there. 他给我们讲的好象他去过那儿。

虚拟语气的用法

1) 虚拟语气用在简单句中,表示祝愿,命令。 May you be happy. 祝你幸福。 May you have a good time. 祝愿你玩的痛快。 May the friendship between us last long. 祝愿我们的友情天长地久。 Have a good journey! 祝愿你旅途愉快! You go out! 你出去!

2) 虚拟语气用在宾语从句中。动词 wish, suggest,order,insist, propose,等词后面的宾语从句表示的是一种虚拟语气,宾语从句中的动词动作表示的只是一种愿望、要求。 I wish she would be on my side. 我希望她能站在我一边。 I wish I could help him. 我希望我能帮助他。 He insisted that all of us should be there on time by any means. 他坚持要我们大家想尽办法按时去那儿。 动词 demand, suggest, order, insist, propose 后面的从句中,"should" 可以省略。 The teacher suggested that we (should) clean the blackboard after class. 老师建议我们课后把黑板擦了。 He ordered that the students wash the clothes every week by themselves. 他要求学生每周都要自己洗衣服。

3) 虚拟语气用在主语从句中。 在句型 "It is important (necessary, strange, natural) that .... " 中,that 后面的从句中的谓语动词用: should + 动词原形 It's necessary that we should have a walk now. 我们有必要出去散散步。 It's natural that she should do so. 她这样做是很自然的。 It's important that we should take good care of the patient. 重要的是我们要照顾好病人。

4) 虚拟语气用在状语从句中。 虚拟语气最多地用在表示条件的状语从句和表示结果的从句中。在表示与事实相反的虚拟语气时,动词有三种时态形式,即现在、过去和将来。 A.与现在事实相反的: If I (we,you,he,they)+ 动词过去式.. if I (he,she) were... I (we) should + 动词原形。 He (you,they) would + 动词原形。 B.与过去事实相反的: If I(we,you,he,they)+ had + 过去分词 I(we)should + have+ 过去分词。He (you,they) would + have + 过去分词。 If I were you, I should buy it. 如果我是你,我就买了它。 If I had time, I would study French. 如果我有时间,我会学习法语的。 If she knew English,she would not ask me for help. 如果她懂英语的话,她不会找我帮忙的。 If you had got up earlier, you could have caught the train. 如果你早一点起床,就会赶上火车的。 If it were fine tomorrow,I would go shopping. 如果明天天气好,我就去买东西。

***有关虚拟语气的几个问题***

1) 有时if引导的状语从句可以省略 if,而把从句中的动词 were, had 或 should 移到主语前面。 Were she younger, she would do it . 如果她年青点, 她就会干的。 Had he known her address, he would had gone to visit her. 如果他知道她的地址,他会去看她的。

2) 有时表示虚拟语气的条件从句或者主句都可以省略,而只剩下一个主句或者一个条件从句。 I could help you. 我本来可以帮助你。 If I had time. 我要有时间该多好啊! She should have come to the party. 她应该来参加聚会。 If he had much more money. 如果他有更多的钱就能...。

3) 虚拟语气中,条件从句的动词动作可以和主句的动词动作时态不一致。 If they had studied hard, they could do it easily now. 如果他们以前努力学习的话,现在干的就会容易些。 If he had not taken my advice, he wouldn't do it much better like this. 如果他不听取我的建议,他就不会干得这样好。

虚拟语气中be动词的用法

选were

表示与现在事实相反的情况:

从句:If 主语+过去时 主句:主语+should/would/could/might+do

eg1.If I were you,I would take an umbrella.如果我是你,我会带把伞(事实:我不可能是你)   2.If I knew his telephone number,I would tell you.如果我知道他的电话号码,我就会你.(事实:不知道)

这道题是与事实相反的,因为他不可能是超人,所以填Were(Be动词的过去式在虚拟语气里一般都用were)

虚拟语气的基本语法

虚拟语气 概述虚拟语气用来表示说话人的主观愿望或假想,而不表示客观存在的事实,所说的是一个条件,不一定是事实,或与事实相反。虚拟语气通过谓语动词的特殊形式来表示。英语中的语气分为陈述语气、祈使语气、虚拟语气三类。 [编辑本段]应用条件  虚拟语气常在表示条件和结果的状语从句中。在表示与事实相反的虚拟语气时动词有三种时态:现在时,过去时,将来时。

  在条件句中的应用:条件句可分为两类,一类为真实条件句,一类为非真实条件句。非真实条件句表示的是假设的或实际可能性不大的情况,故采用虚拟语气。 [编辑本段]虚拟语气在非真实条件状语从句中的用法  1、真实条件状语从句与非真实条件状语从句

  eg .

  If he doesn’t hurry up, he will miss the bus. ( 真实条件状语)(不是虚拟语气)

  If he was free, he would ask me to tell stories. (真实条件状语)(不是虚拟语气)

  If I were you, I would go at once. (非真实条件状语从句)

  If there were no air, people would die. (非真实条件状语从句)

  总结就是 四个字:主将从现,主句用将来时,从句用一般现在时。

  2、虚拟语气在非真实条件状语从句中的用法及动词形式

  ① 表示与现在事实相反的情况

  

(条件)从句谓语动词形式主句谓语动词形式
谓语动词用一般过去式

  (be用were)

should/would/could/might+动词原形(过去将来时)

  eg.

  If I were you, I would take an umbrella.如果我是你,我会带把伞。(事实:我不可能是你)

  If I knew his telephone number, I would tell you. 如果我知道他的电话号码,我就会告诉你。(事实:不知道)

  If there were no air or water, there would be no living things on the earth. 如果没有水和空气,地球上就不会有生物。(事实:地球上既有空气也有水)

  If I had any money with me, I could lend you some. 如果我带钱了,我就会借给你些。(事实:没带钱)

  If he studied harder, he might pass the exam.如果他再努力些,就能通过考试了。(事实:学习不用功)

  ②表示与过去事实相反的情况

  

从句谓语动词形式主句谓语动词形式
had+过去分词(过去完成时)should/would/could/might+

  have+过去分词(现在完成将来时)(过去将来完成时)

  

  eg. If I had got there earlier, I should/could have met her. 如果我早到那儿,我就会见到她。(事实:去晚了)

  If he had taken my advice, he would not have made such a mistake. 如果他听我的劝告的话,就不会犯这样的错误了。(事实:没有听我的话)

  ③表示对将来情况的主观推测(可能相反或可能性很小)

  

  

从句谓语动词形式主句谓语动词形式
If+主语+ ① should+动词

  ② did

  ③were to do

  (①通常与一个表示时间状语连用)其 中were to do可能性最小,

  

should/would/

  could/might+动词原形

  

  eg.If he would come here tomorrow, I should/would talk to him. 如果他哪天来这儿的话,我就跟他谈谈。(事实:来的可能性很小)

  If there were a heavy snow next Sunday, we would not go skating. 如果下周日下大雪,我们就不能去滑冰了。(事实:不知能否下雪)

  If she were to be there next Monday, I would tell her about the matter. 如果她下周一来这儿的话,我就会告诉她这件事得始末。

  在表示建议、命令、要求等含义的宾语从句,谓语动词常用虚拟语气,"should+动词原形"构成,should 可省略。 [编辑本段]虚拟语气的其他用法  

  ①、虚拟语气用在wish 后的宾语从句

  a、表示与现在事实相反的愿望,谓语动词用过去式

  eg. I wish I had your brains.我希望我有你那样的头脑。(事实:我根本比不上你)

  b、表示过去事实相反的愿望,谓语动词:had+v-ed

  eg:.I wish I had known the truth of the matter.我希望我原来知道这件事的真相。(事实:原来不知道)

  c、表示将来难以实现的愿望

  谓语动词:should/would + 动词原形

  eg. I wish I should have a chance again.我希望我还能有一次这样的机会。(事实:很难再有这样的机会了)

  ②虚拟语气用在 一想要(desive)一宁愿(prefer)二命令(order. command) 三建议(advise. suggest. propose) 五要求(demand. require. request. desire.insist)中,无论主句谓语动词为何种时态,从句的谓语动词都用:“should + 动词原形”或只用“动词原形”。

  如 He suggested that we (should) take the teacher’s advice

  He insisted that we (should) take the teacher’s advice

  He demand that we (should) take the teacher’s advice

  He ordered that we (should) take the teacher’s advice

  注:insist如果翻译成坚持做才用虚拟语气翻译成坚持说就不用虚拟语气。

  如:He insist he is a student. 他坚持说他是个学生。

  这个语句表示的是事实,因此在这个语句中不能使用虚拟语气。

  suggest意为“建议”才用虚拟语气,意为“暗示”则不用虚拟语气。

  如: His face suggests that he looks worried .他的表情暗含着他很担心。

  这个句子本身是事实,因此它就没有用到虚拟语气。

  ③表情绪.观点的形容词或名词也要用虚拟语气.如:necessary. important. impossible. natural. strange. surpring.

  funny. right. wrong. better. a pity等。

  句型:It is.......that 结构后的主语从句,从句的谓语动词都要用 should+原型 或只用动词原型。

TAG: 动词