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初中英语被动语态ppt 被动语态讲解优秀ppt

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初中英语被动语态ppt 被动语态讲解优秀ppt

初中英语被动语态完整讲解

  楼主您好,很高兴为您回答:

 一、语态概述

  英语的语态是通过动词形式的变化表现出来的,英语中有两种语态 主动语态和被动语态。举个例,“我”打了“他”。则,“我”是动作的执行者,而“他”,是动作的承受着,这句是以“我”为主语的句子 ,如果中文中变成被动,就应该是:“他”被“我”打。楼主懂了么?例如:Many people speak English.

  谓语:speak的动作是由主语many people来执行的。改为被动,中文里应该是:英语被很多人说。被动语态表示主语是动作的承受者,为动作的对象。例如:English is spoken by many people.主语English是动词speak的承受者。而更多的时候,被动语态主要是表示一种无动作的执行者,比如说:全世界踢足球。这是的足球就应该是被踢,在全世界,而没有一个具体的执行者来执行这个动作,所以就不能用主动来翻这个句子,只能用被动: The football was played around the world。

  主动态和被动态指的是动词形式,是词法概念;而主动句和被动句则指的是句子结构,从而是句法概念。所谓主动句就是由主动态动词(词组)作谓语动词的句子,而被动句则是由被动态动词(词组)作谓语动词的句子。

  例如:He opened the door.他开了门。(主动句)    The door was opened.门被开了。(被动句)

二、被动语态的构成

  被动语态由“助动词be+及物动词的过去分词”构成。人称、数和时态的变化是通过be的变化表现出来的。现以teach为例说明被动语态在各种时态中的构成。公式就是:be +done

  一般现在时:am/is/are+taught

  一般过去时:was/were+taught

  一般将来时:will/shall be+taught

  现在进行时:am/is/are being+taught

  过去进行时:have/has been+taught

  现在完成时:have/has been+taught

  再次说明一下被动语态的用法

  (1)不知道或没有必要说明动作的执行者是谁。

  例如:

  Some new computers were stolen last night. 

  一些新电脑在昨晚被盗了。(不知道电脑是谁偷的)

  This book was published in 1981.这本书出版于1981年。

  (2)强调动作的承受者,而不强调动作的执行者。

  例如:the window was broken by Mike.窗户是迈克打破的。

  This book was written by him.这本书是他写的。

  Eight hours per day for sleep must be guaranteed.每天8小时睡眠必须得到保证。

  主动语态变被动语态的方法

(1)把主动语态的宾语变为被动语态的主语。

(2)把谓语变成被动结构(be+过去分词)

(根据被动语态句子里的主语的人称和数,以及原来主动语态句子中动词的时态来决定be的形式)。

(3)把主动语态中的主语放在介词by之后作宾语,将主格改为宾格。例如:

All the people laughed at him.

He was laughed at by all people.

They make the bikes in the factory.

The bikes are madeby them in the factory.

  说白了就是:宾变主,主变宾,by在短语后面跟。

  谓语动词变被动,be后“过分”来使用。

懂了么?打这些累死我了。。。

初三英语--各种时态的被动语态

被动语态构成

be + P.P. ( done )

一般现在时:am∕is∕are + P.P.

一般过去时:was∕were + P.P.

一般将来时:will∕shall + be + P.P.

过去将来时:would∕should + be + P.P.

现在进行时:am∕is∕are + being + P.P.

过去进行时:was∕were + being + P.P.

现在完成时:have∕has + been + P.P.

过去完成时:had + been + P.P.

情态动词:情态动词 + be + P.P.

动词不定式:to + be + P.P.

被动语态用法

⑴ 不知道,或没有必要说明动作的执行者是谁。

The book is written for children.

⑵ 谈话的中心是动作的承受者。

My bike was stolen.

⑶ 为了出于礼貌或者不愿意说出动作的执行者是谁。

It’s hoped that you’ll have a chance to visit our country .

I was told that Tom had stolen the book .

⑷ 汉语中有一类句子不出现主语,但译成英语时要用被动语态。( 24种特殊情况 )

(01) It is said that… 据说…

(02) It is considered that… 人们认为…

(03) It is generally accepted that… 普遍认为…

(04) It is believed that… 有人相信…

(05) It is well-known that… 众所周知…

(06) It is learned that… 据闻…,据悉…

(07) It is supposed that… 据推测…

(08) It is estimated that… 据估计…

(09) It is reported that… 据报道…

(10) It must be pointed out that… 必须指出…

(11) It must be admitted that… 必须承认…

(12) It will be seen that… 可见…,可以看出…

(13) It will be seen from this that… 由此可见…

(14) It is understood that… 不用说…,谁都知道…

(15) It can′t be denied that… 不可否认…

(16) It has been proved that… 已经证明…

(17) It may be confirmed that… 可以肯定…

(18) It is sometimes asked that… 人们有时会问…

(19) It may be safely said that… 可以有把握地说…

(20) It is expected∕hoped that… 人们希望…

(21) It will be said that… 有人会说…

(22) It should be said that… 应该说…

(23) It is generally considered that… 大家认为…

(24) It is asserted that… 有人主张…

被动语态(1)

The work can be finished in two days

Silk is producted in Suzhou。

初中被动语态

被动语态中主语是动作的承受者而不是发出者 结构为主语+be的过去式+动词过去分词(不是过去式) 有时在句末+by sth/sb(动作的发出者)

Do the students water the flowers every day?

Do the flowers were watered by the students every day?

tom gave mike a pen yesterday

Mike was gaven A pen by mike yesterday

they will sing an english song at the party

An english song would be singd by they at the party.

或者

an english song at the party would be singd by they

初中英语八大时态及其主被动形式。如一般现在时主动:be+V原形-被动:am/is/are+done

 一般现在时 I water the flowers. The fowers are watered .

现在进行时:I am watering the flowers. The flowers are being watered.

一般过去时:I watered the flowers. The flowers were watered.

过去进行时:I was watering the flowers by this time yesterday. The flowers were watered by this time yesterday.

现在完成时:I have watered the flowers. The flowers have been watered.

过去完成时:I had watered the flowers. The flowers had been watered.

一般将来时:I shall(will) water the flowers. The flowers will be watered.

将来进行时:I shall be watering the flowers tomorrow. The flowers will be watered tomorrow

TAG: 被动语态