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pep小学英语语法总结 小学英语最基础语法总结

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pep小学英语语法总结 小学英语最基础语法总结

小学全部英语语法整理

小学英语语法总结 一、there be句型:表示存在,即:“某处有某物”或“某时有某事”。句型基本结构为:There is(are)+ 可数名词单数或不可数名词/复数+时间或地点。如:1. There are two bedrooms, a kitchen, a bathroom and a living room.2. Is there a forest in the park? Yes, there is.二、 to be句型:用于介绍个人情况如姓名、健康状况、身份、国籍、家庭成员、朋友、职业等,描述地点、颜色、四季、日期、星期几等:1. Who’s your English teacher? Miss White. 2. Is she quiet? No, she isn’t. She is very active. 三、 一般现在时句型:表示习惯性的动作或行为,或现在存在着的状况。句型基本结构为:主语+行为动词+其他。当主语是第三人称单数时,要在动词原形后面加s或es,其他人称作主语时则用动词原形,在问句及否定句中需要用助动词do或does。这种句型通常有一些标志词,如:usually often sometimes never always等。如:1. What do you have on Thursdays? We have English, math and science on Thursdays. 2. What do you do on Saturdays? I watch TV on Saturdays.3. When do you eat dinner? I eat dinner at 7:00 in the evening.4 Sometimes I visit my grandparents. I often play football.四、现在进行时句型:表示说话时正在进行的动作或事件,或在短期内正在进行的动作或存在的情况。标志词是:now 也常用在Look! Listen!等后面。句型主要结构为:be动词(am, is, are)+动词现在分词(v. ing)。如:1. What are you doing? I’m doing the dishes. 2. Is she counting insects? No, she isn’t.五、 一般过去时句型:表示过去发生的而现在已经结束的事件、动作或情况。句型基本结构为:主语+动词过去式+其他。标志词通常是:yesterday, last week , last year 等,在问句与否定句中要用助动词did。如:1.What did you do last weekend? I played football.2. Did you help them clean their room? Yes, I did.此外,一般过去时也可用来表示客气的询问。如:What would you like for lunch? I’d like some… 六、 情态动词can引导的句型:表示有能力做某事,can后面的动词要用原形。如:1. What can you do? I can sweep the floor. 2. I can water the flowers. 3. How can I get to the People’s Park? You can go by the No. 15 bus.七、 将来时:我们的教材中出现过两种表示将来时的句型,即:will和be going to句型,主要以be going to句型为主,表示将要做某事或打算做某事。句型主要结构:am/is/are + going to + v.原形。标志词有:tomorrow next weekend this morning this weekend next…be going to1. What are you going to do this weekend? I am going to visit my parents.2. When is she going to Paris? She is going to go there at 9:00 am.

小学英语最基础语法总结

1.人称代词主格: I we you she he it they宾格: me us you her him it them形容词性物主代词:my our your her his its their名词性物主代词: mine ours yours hers his its theirs北京小升初网

2.形容词和副词的比较级(1) 一般在形容词或副词后+erolder taller longer stronger, etc(2) 多音节词前+moremore interesting, etc.(3) 双写最后一个字母,再+erbigger fatter, etc.(4) 把y变i,再+erheavier, earlier(5) 不规则变化:well-better, much/many-more, etc.www.xschu.com

3.可数词的复数形式Most nouns + s a book –booksNouns ending in a consonant +y - y+ ies a story—storiesNouns ending in s, sh, ch or x + es a glass—glasses a watch-watchesNouns ending in o +s or +es a piano—pianos a mango—mangoesNouns ending in f or fe - f or fe +ves a knife –knives a shelf-shelves小升初网

4.不可数名词(单复数形式不变)bread, rice, water ,juice etc.bbs.xschu.com

5. 缩略形式I’m = I am you’re = you are she’s = she is he’s = he isit’s = it is who’s =who is can’t =can not isn’t=is not etc北京小升初

6. a/ana book, a peachan egg an hourxschu.com

7. Preposition:on, in ,in front of, between, next to, near, beside, at, behind.表示时间: at six o’clock, at Christmas, at breakfaston Monday on 15th July On National Dayin the evening in December in winter北京小升初网

8. 基数词和序数词one – first two-second twenty-twentiethwww.xschu.com

9. Some /anyI have some toys in my bedroom.Do you have any brothers or sisters?小升初网

10. be 动词(1) Basic form: am/are/is(2) 肯定和否定句 I am(not) from London.My eyes are(not) small.My hair is(not) long.(3)一般疑问句: Am I a Chinese? Yes, you are. No, you aren’t.Are they American? Yes, they are. No, they aren’t.Is the cat fat? Yes, it is. No, it isn’t.bbs.xschu.com

11. there be 结构肯定句: There is a …There are …一般疑问句:Is there …? Yes, there is./ No, there isn’t.Are there…? Yes, there are. /No, there aren’t.否定句: There isn’t …. There aren’t….北京小升初

12. 祈使句Sit down pleaseDon’t sit down, please.xschu.com

13. 现在进行时.通常用“now”.形式: be + verb +ingeg: I am(not) doing my homework.You/We/They are(not) reading.He/She/It is(not) eating.北京小升初网

动词 —ing 的形式Most verbs +ing walk—walkingVerbs ending in e -e + ing come—comingShort verbs ending in a vowel + a consonant run –running swim—swimmingwww.xschu.com

14 一般现在时。通常用 “usually, often, every day, sometimes”。形式:肯定句:I go to school on foot every day.She goes to school on foot every day.一般疑问句:Do you jump high? Yes, I do. / No, I don’t.Does he jump high? Yes, he does. / No, he doesn’t.否定句: We don’t go to school on Sundays.My mother doesn’t like watching TV in the evening.小升初网

15. (情态)动词can,must, should 后面直接用动词原形。eg:1. I / He / She / They can sing.2.You should keep quiet in the library.bbs.xschu.com

16. 一般过去时态(a) be 动词的过去式:I/He/she/it was(not)…. You/we/they were….一般疑问句was, were 放在句首。(b) 动词过去式:肯定句: I watched cartoons.She visited the zoo.一般疑问句: Did you read book last night? Yes, I did. No, I didn’t.Did she clean the desk just now? Yes, she did. No, she didn’t.否定句: They didn’t go the the part yesterday.He didn’t make model ships last week.(3)动词过去式的变化:规则动词的变化:Most verbs +ed eg. planted,watered,climbed。Verbs ending in e +d eg liked。Verbs ending in a consonant +y --y +ied eg : study—studiedShort verbs ending in a vowel + a consonant eg: stop --stopped不规则动词的变化:is/am—was,are—were,do—did,have/has—had,make—made,fly-flew/u:/eat—ate,take—took,run—ran,sing—sang,drink—drank 等等北京小升初

17. “Wh-” questions.What are you doing?What colour is it?What time is it? What’s the time?Which is your watch, the yellow one or the white one?Who’s the man with a big nose?Whose bag is it?When is your birthday?Where is my ball pen?Why do you like summer?How many books are there in the school bag?How old is the young man?How much is the toy bear?How do you go to school every day?What are you doing?What colour is it?What time is it? What’s the time?Which is your watch, the yellow one or the white one?Who’s the man with a big nose?Whose bag is it?When is your birthday?Where is my ball pen?Why do you like summer?How many books are there in the school bag?How old is the young man?How much is the toy bear?How do you go to school every day?xschu.com

小学英语语法总结语法(要全面)

一、名词复数规则

1.一般情况下,直接加-s,如:book-books, bag-bags, cat-cats, bed-beds

2.以s. x. sh. ch结尾,加-es,如:bus-buses, box-boxes, brush-brushes, watch-watches

3.以“辅音字母 y”结尾,变y为i, 再加-es,如:family-families, strawberry-strawberries

4.以“f或fe”结尾,变f或fe为v, 再加-es,如:knife-knives Leaf——leaves

5.不规则名词复数:

man-men, woman-women, policeman-policemen, policewoman-policewomen,

child-children foot-feet, tooth-teeth fish-fish, people-people, Chinese-Chinese, Japanese-Japanese

二、一般现在时

一般现在时基本用法介绍

【No. 1】一般现在时的功能

1.表示事物或人物的特征、状态。如:The sky is blue.天空是蓝色的。

2.表示经常性或习惯性的动作。如:I get up at six every day.我天天六点起床。

3.表示客观现实。如:The earth goes around the sun.地球绕着太阳转。

一般现在时的构成

1. be动词:主语 be(am,is,are) 其它。如: I am a boy.我是一个男孩。

2.行为动词:主语 行为动词( 其它)。如: We study English.我们学习英语。

当主语为第三人称单数(he, she,it)时,要在动词后加"-s"或"-es"。如:Mary likes Chinese.玛丽喜欢汉语。

【No. 2】一般现在时的变化

1. be动词的变化。

否定句:主语 be not 其它。 如:He is not a worker.他不是工人。

一般疑问句:Be 主语 其它。

如:-Are you a student?

-Yes. I am. / No, I'm not.

TAG: 英语语法