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什么动词后面加todo 哪些动词后加todo口诀

EVERETT

目录

什么动词后面加todo 哪些动词后加todo口诀

哪些动词后面只加todo,或者只加doing

1.下列动词跟不定式做宾语:

want, wish, hope, expect, ask, pretend, care, decide, happen, long,

offer, refuse, fail, plan, prepare, order, cause, afford, beg, manage, agree, promise等。

2、在下列动词或动词短语后用动名词做宾语:

enjoy, finish, suggest, avoid, excuse, delay, imagine, keep, miss, appreciate, be busy,

be worth, feel like, can’t stand, can’t help, think of, dream of, be fond of,

prevent…(from), keep…from, stop…(from), protect…from, set about,

be engaged in, spend…(in), succeed in, be used to, look forward to,

object to, pay attention to, insist on等。

3.动名词与不定式作宾语的不同含义:

1) be afraid to do 不敢、害怕、胆怯去做某事

be afraid of doing 担心、恐怕出现

2) forget to do sth. 忘记去做某事(未做)

forget doing sth. 忘记做过了某事(已做)

3) remember to do sth.记着去做某事(未做)

remember doing sth.记着做了某事(已做)

4) stop to do sth. 停下来去做另一件事 stop doing sth. 停止做某事

5) regret to do sth. 遗憾地说/告诉…

regret doing sth. 后悔做了…

6) try to do sth.表示尽自己最大能力做某事,等同于try one's best to do sth.

try doing sth.表示尝试着做某事

哪些动词后加to do

加to do的动词:afford、agree、choose、decide、expect、hope、hurry、manage、plan、prefer、refuse、seem、wish、want。

1、afford to do  负担的起做某事

afford

英 [əˈfɔ:d]   美 [əˈfɔ:rd]  

vt.提供;买得起;担负得起;给予

We can’t afford to make any mistakes.

我们承担不起任何失误。

2、agree to do  同意做某事

agree

英 [əˈgri:]   美 [əˈɡri]  

vt.& vi.同意,赞同

vi.[语]一致,符合;商定,约定;意见相合;(气候、食物等)适宜

vt.同意,承认;使和谐一致;认为正确无误

Do you agree to have dinner today? 

今天你同意一块吃饭吗?

3、choose to do  选择做某事

choose

英 [tʃu:z]   美 [tʃuz]  

vt.挑选;认为…比其它更可取;决定或选定

vi.选择;进行挑选

Why  do so many choose to leave their country? 

为什么有这么多人要离开祖国?

4、decide to do  决定做某事

decide

英 [dɪˈsaɪd]   美 [dɪˈsaɪd]  

vt.决定;决心;解决;裁决

vi.决定;下决心

She decided to accept the offer. 

她决定接受这一提议。

5、expect to do 期待做某事

expect

英 [ɪkˈspekt]   美 [ɪkˈspɛkt]  

vt.期望;预料;要求;认为(某事)会发生

vi.期待;预期;怀胎;怀孕

The shop expects to make more money this year. 

这家店铺期望今年多赚点钱。

什么动词后加todo

Ask/ tell sb to do sth Decide to do sth Want to do sth Would like to do sth

Stop to do sth 区别 (stop doing sth) Forget to do sth 区别 (forget doing sth) Remember to do sth 区别(remember doing sth)Try to do sth 区别(try doing sth) Mean to do sth 区别(mean doing sth) Regret to do 区别(regret doingsth ) Allow sb to do sth/ allow doing sth Prefer to do sth Like/love to do/doing sth Promise to do sth Agree to do sth Get ready to do sth Be going to do sth Be able to do sth Be about to do sth Be afraid to do sth Be sure to do sth Have to do sth Hope to so sth Learn to do sth Need to do sth Have/make sb do sth Too+ adj/adv原形+to do sth It’s time to do sth/ for sth It’s +adj. +for/of sb to do sth It’s a good/bad idea to do sth

英语哪些动词后面加to do、doing

2.英语哪些动词后面可以加doing,不可加to do的(例如enjoy doing)

admit(承认),avoid(避免),delay(迟延),enjoy(欣赏),escape(逃避),excuse(原谅),dislike(厌恶),finish(完成),include(包括), keep(on)(持续),mind(在意),miss(错过),pardon(原谅),practise(练习),prevent(阻止),risk(冒险),stop(停止),suggest(建议),give up(放弃),depend on(依靠),feel like(想要),fail in(失败),insist on(坚持),leave off(停止),put off(推迟),set about(着手干),succeed in(成功),think of(考虑),look forward to(盼望),devote oneself to(致力于),be used to(习惯于),be tired of(讨厌),be fond of(爱好),be proud of /take pride in(为……自豪),be engaged in(从事),be inter- ested in(对……感兴趣),aim at(致力于),be afraid of(害怕),be worth(值得),postpone(推迟),resist(抵抗),fancy(想象),consider(考虑),require(需要),advise(劝说),can't help(禁不住),object to(反对)等。

Mr Smith suggested going to the beach.史密斯先生建议去海滩。

They couldn't help laughing after hearing my stories.听到我讲的故事他们禁不住笑了。

Miss Huang avoided meeting him.黄小姐回避他。

You should consider giving up smoking.你应当考虑戒烟。

1.英语哪些动词后面可以加to do,不可加doing的(例如promise to do)

  afford aim appear agree arrange ask be decide bother care choose come dare demand desire determine expect elect endeavor hope fail happen help hesitate learn long offer ought plan prepare promise refuse seem tend wait wish undertake

go doing

go to do

like to do

like doing

hate to do

hate doing

dream to do

dream doing

see sb. to do / see sb. doing

hear sb. to do / hear sb. doing

什么动词后面可以加to do

很多啊,基本上都是吧,除了加ING的。like, intend,forget,rememer.stop,....

加ing 的才比较少些,这需记住,如下:下列动词或词组后面都可以接doing:

admit 承认

appreciate 感激

avoid 避免

complete完成

consider认为

delay 耽误

deny 否认

detest 讨厌

endure 忍受

enjoy 喜欢

escape 逃脱

fancy 想象

finish 完成

imagine 想象

mind 介意

miss 想念

postpone推迟

practice 训练

recall 回忆

resent 讨厌

resume 继续

resist 抵抗

risk 冒险

suggest 建议

face 面对

include 包括

stand 忍受

understand 理解

forgive 宽恕

keep 继续

例如:Would you mind turning down your radio a little, please? 你把收音机音量调小一点,好吗

The squirrel was lucky that it just missed being caught. 这松鼠幸运得很,刚逃避了被逮住的厄运。

admit to

prefer…to

be used to

lead to

devote oneself to

object to

stick to

no good

no use

be fond of

look forward to

be proud of

be busy

can't help

be tired of

be capable of

be afraid of

think of

burst out

keep on

insist on

count on

set about

put off

be good at

take up

give up

be successful in

下列动词或词组都可以用不定式:

afford

aim

agree

arrange

ask

decide

bother

care

choose

demand

desire

determine

elect

endeavor

hope

fail

help

learn

long 渴望

mean

manage

offer

plan

pretend

refuse

tend

undertake

expect

hate

intend

例如:

The driver failed to see the other car in time. 司机没能及时看见另一辆车。

He offered to help me. 他表示愿意帮助我。

需要省略to的不定式的情况有:

1) 情态动词 ( 除ought 外) 后。

2) 使役动词 let, have, make后,感官动词 see, watch, look at, notice , observe, hear, listen to, smell, feel, find 等后。

注意:被动语态中不能省去to。例如:

I saw him dance. 我看见他跳舞。

=He was seen to dance.

The boss made them work the whole night. 老板让他们整夜干活。

=They were made to work the whole night.

3) would rather,had better句型后

4) Why… / why no…句型后

5) help 后可带to,也可不带to, help sb (to) do sth:

6) but和except后。but前是实义动词do时,后面出现的不定式不带to。

比较:He wants to do nothing but go out. 他只想出去玩。

He wants to believe anything but to take the medicine. 除了吃这药,他什么都信。

7) 由and, or和than连接的两个不定式,第二个to 可以省去:

8) 通常在discover, imagine, suppose, think等词后作宾补时,可以省去to be。例如:

He is supposed (to be) nice. 他应该是个好人。

一些重要的区分:

1) stop doing/to do

stop to do 停止,中断做某事后去做另一件事,stop doing 停止做某事。例如:

They stop to smoke a cigarette. 他们停下来,抽了根烟。

I must stop smoking. 我必须戒烟了。

2)forget doing/to do

forget to do 忘记要去做某事,forget doing 忘记做过某事。例如:

The light in the office is stil on. He forgot to turn it off. 办公室的灯还在亮着,他忘记关了。(没有做关灯的动作)

He forgot turning the light off. 他忘记他已经关了灯了。(已做过关灯的动作)

3)remember doing/to do

remember to do 记得去做某事,remember doing 记得做过某事。例如:

Remember to go to the post office after school. 记着放学后去趟邮局。

Don't you remember seeing the man before? 你不记得以前见过那个人吗?

4)regret doing/to do

regret to do 对将要做的事遗憾,regret doing 对做过的事遗憾、后悔。例如:

I regret to have to do this, but I have no choice. 我很遗憾必须这样去做,我实在没有办法。

I don't regret telling her what I thought. 我不为告诉她我的想法而后悔。

5)cease doing/to do

cease to do 长时间,甚至永远停做某事,cease doing 短时停止做某事,以后还会接着做。例如:

That department has ceased to exist forever. 那个系已不复存在。

The girls ceased chatting for a moment when their teacher passed by. 姑娘们在老师走过时,停了会聊天

6)try doing/to do

try to do 努力,企图做某事,try doing 试验,试着做某事。例如:

You must try to be more careful. 你可要多加小心。

I tried gardening but didn't succeed. 我试着种果木花卉,但未成功。

7)go on doing/to do

go on to do 做了一件事后,接着做另一件事,go on doing 继续做原来做的事。例如:

After he had finished his maths,he went on to do his physics. 做完数学后,他接着去做物理。

Go on doing the other exercise after you have finished this one. 作完这个练习后,接着做其他的练习

8)be afraid doing/to do

be afraid to do 不敢,胆怯去做某事,是主观上的原因不去做,意为"怕",be afraid of doing 担心出现doing的状况、结果。doing 是客观上造成的,意为"生怕,恐怕"。例如:

She was afraid to step further in grass because she was afraid of being bitten by a snake.

她生怕被蛇咬着,不敢在草丛中再走一步。

She was afraid to wake her husband. 她不敢去叫醒她丈夫。

She was afraid of waking her husband. 她生怕吵醒她丈夫。

9)be interested doing/to do

interested to do 对做某事感兴趣,想了解某事,interested in doing 对某种想法感兴趣,doing 通常为想法。例如:

I shall be interested to know what happens. 我很想知道发生了什么事。(想了解)

I'm interested in working in Switzerland. Do you have any idea about that?

我对在瑞士工作感兴趣。你想过这事吗? (一种想法)

10) mean to doing/to do

mean to do 打算、想,mean doing 意味着。例如:

I mean to go, but my father would not allow me to. 我想去,但是我父亲不肯让我去。

To raise wage means increasing purchasing power. 增加工资意味着增加购买力。

11)begin(start) doing/to do

begin / start to do sth /begin / start doing sth.

a) 谈及一项长期活动或开始一种习惯时,使用doing。例如:

How old were you when you first started playing the piano? 你几岁时开始弹钢琴?

b) begin, start用进行时时,后面动词用不定式to do。例如:

I was beginning to get angry。我开始生起气来。

c) 在attempt, intend, begin, start 后接know, understand, realize这类动词时,常用不定式to do。例如:

I begin to understand the truth。我开始明白真相。

d) 事物作主语时。例如:

The snow began to melt.雪开始融化了

12)感官动词 + doing/to do

感官动词 see, watch, observe, notice, look at, hear, listen to, smell, taste, feel + do表示动作的完整性,+doing 表示动作的进行性。例如:

I saw him work in the garden yesterday. 昨天我看见他在花园里干活了。(强调"我看见了"这个事实)

I saw him working in the garden yesterday.(强调"我见他正干活"这个动作)昨天我见他正在花园里干活。

TAG: 动词