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一般疑问句的句子结构 英语一般疑问句句型结构

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一般疑问句的句子结构 英语一般疑问句句型结构

英语 一般疑问句的结构和用法、

一般疑问句是疑问句的一种。它是指用yes或no来回答的句子。其结构是:

系动词be/助动词/情态动词+主语+其他成分?

如:

Is this your pen?

Yes it is./No it isn't.

注意:

1.将陈述句变为一般疑问句时,如句中有be 动词(am is are …)时,可直接将它们提至主语前。如主语为第一人称,应将其改为第二人称。如:

I'm in Class 2Grade 1. →

Are you in Class 2Grade 1?

We're watching TV. →

Are you watching TV?

2.陈述句中有情态动词(can may must …)时,也可直接将它们提至主语前,即可成为一般疑问句。如:

He can swim now. →

Can he swim now?

The children may come with us. → May the children come with us?

3.陈述句中只有一个实义动词作谓语且其时态为一般现在时,变为一般疑问句时要在句首加do或does 主语后的实义动词用原形。如:

I like these animals. →

Do you like these animals?

She wants to go to the movies. → Does she want to go to the movies?

4.一般疑问句一般读升调(↑)

5.一般疑问句有时不用yes或 no 回答。

一、一般疑问句

一般疑问句也可称为 “yes / no questions”,因这种问句通常用yes / no来回答,相当于汉语中的“……吗?”其语序是:系动词be / 助动词/ 情态动词+主语+其他成分?如:

Are you from Japan?

Yes I am. / No I'm not.

Is her sister doing her homework now?

Yes she is. / No she isn't.

Does he work in a bank?

Yes he does. / No he doesn't.

Do you live near your school?

Yes I do. / No I don't.

Can you speak French?

Yes I can. / No I can't.

May I go home now?

Yes you may. / No you mustn't.

注意:

1.将陈述句变为一般疑问句时,如句中有be 动词(am is are …)时,可直接将它们提至主语前。如主语为第一人称,应将其改为第二人称。如:

I'm in Class 2Grade 1. →

Are you in Class 2Grade 1?

We're watching TV. →

Are you watching TV?

2.陈述句中有情态动词(can may must …)时,也可直接将它们提至主语前,即可成为一般疑问句。如:

He can swim now. →

Can he swim now?

The children may come with us. → May the children come with us?

3.陈述句中只有一个实义动词作谓语且其时态为一般现在时,变为一般疑问句时要在句首加do或does 主语后的实义动词用原形。如:

I like these animals. →

Do you like these animals?

She wants to go to the movies. → Does she want to go to the movies?

4.一般疑问句一般读升调(↑)

5.一般疑问句有时不用yes或 no 回答。如:

Are they in town now?

I think so.

May I sit here?

Certainly.

Does he like soccer?

Sorry I don't know.

二、特殊疑问句

以疑问词开头,对句中某一成分提问的句子叫特殊疑问句。常用的疑问词有:what who whose which when where how why等。

特殊疑问句有两种语序:

1.如疑问词作主语或主语的定语,即对主语或主语的定语提问,其语序是陈述句的语序:疑问词(+主语)+谓语动词+其他成分?如:

who is singing in the room?

whose bike is broken?

2.如疑问词作其他成分,即对其他成分提问,其语序是:疑问词+一般疑问句语序? 如:

what class are you in?

What does she look like?

Where are you from?

What time does he get up every morning?

How do you know?

注意:

1.回答特殊疑问句时,不能用yes / no,即问什么答什么,尤其是简略回答。如:

Who is from Canada?

Helen (is).

Where's the restaurant?

Near the station.

Why do you like koalas?

Because they are cute.

2.特殊疑问句一般读降调(↓)。

英语一般疑问句句型结构

1. be动词: be +主语+表语。 Is he a student?

2. can: can+主语+动词原形  can he swim?

3. 助动词: do/does/did+主语+动词原形  Does he go shopping?

一般疑问句:

是按照句子的语气分出来的一个类,它与陈述句、感叹句、祈使句的最大区别就是它的疑问语气。疑问句是问一些事情的,一般疑问句是疑问句的一种。它是指用yes(是)或no(否)来回答的句子。其结构是:系动词be/助动词/情态动词+主语+其他成分。

简介:

一般疑问句是疑问句的一种。它是只用yes(是)或no(否)来回答的句子。其结构是:

系动词be/助动词/情态动词+主语+其他成分

通常回答为:

肯定:Yes,主语+提问的系动词be/助动词/情态动词.

否定:No,主语+提问的系动词be/助动词/情态动词的否定形式.

一般疑问句的结构是什么?

一、一般疑问句的基本结构

1. 如果谓语中有情态动词、助动词或be,将这些词移到主语之前。如:

Can you dance? 你会跳舞吗?

Will he go there tomorrow? 他明天去那里?

Are you a student? 你是学生吗?

2. 如果谓语中没有情态动词、助动词或be,就在主语前加助动词do(does、did) ,原来的动词都用原形。如:

Do you like English? 你喜欢英语吗?

Does your brother like English? 你的兄弟喜欢英语吗?

Did you sleep well last night? 你昨晚睡得好吗?

注:have做助动词时,将其移至主语前;作“有”解时也可以将其移至主语前;

不是作“有”解的为行为动词时,其疑问式和其他行为动词一样要在主语前加do(does、did) 。如:

Has he gone to England? 他到英国去了?

Have you (=Do you have) a car? 你有汽车吗?

Do you have lunch at school? 你是在学校吃中饭的吗?

二、一般疑问句的简略回答

—Can you swim? 你会游泳吗?

—Yes, I can. (No, I can’t) 会。(不会)

—Have you finished your work? 你工作做完了吗?

—Yes, I have. (No, I haven’t. ) 做完了。(还没有。)

—Is this your pen? 这是你的钢笔吗??

—Yes, it is. (No, it isn’t) 是的。(不是。)

三、一般疑问句的否定形式

当说话人或是期待肯定的回答或是不期待对方的回答时用否定式。其结构,在口语里,总是把not与情态动词、助动词或be缩略成一个词;有时也将not放在主语后。如:

Can’t you see the kite? 难道你看不到那个风筝?

Don’t you like playing football? 难道你不喜欢踢足球?

Aren’t you (=Are you not) a You Pioneer? 难道你不是少先队员?

一般疑问句句型的结构是?

不是用wh--和how 开头的都是一般疑问句

例如:Is there a bank near here?-----yes ,there is

Can you help me?-------yes ,i can

Do you like me?------yes, i do

关于疑问句的句子结构问题?

1. 一般疑问句:

助动词+主语+谓语(助动词包括be,have表示有时,还有情态动词)+其它?

Do you like my pen?

Have you any money? =Do you have any money?

2.特殊疑问句(疑问词不做主语时)

疑问词+一般疑问句?

What is he doing?

Where has your teacher lived?

3.特殊疑问句(疑问词做主语时)

疑问词+谓语+其它?

Who will come?

What has happened to him?

1:句子1: what are the things you like doing ? 这个句子有BE动词,为什么有?

【本句问的是“你喜欢做的事情是什么?”,其实就是问:事情是什么,主语是事情,所以应该有be。要是没有be就不成为句子了。】

句子2: what food do you eat for dinner? 这个句子里的food 前面没有BE动词?为什么?

【本句问的是:你(晚餐)吃什么食物?这里有“吃”这个动作做谓语了,所以,没有be动词,而是用do作助动词】

句子3: what personal appointments do you have this month? 也没有BE动词。

【这个其实与第二个句子一样的。问的是:这个月你有什么私人约会?既然有“have",那就不用be了。】

问题2:it is fine with me【这对我挺合适】

it is fine for me【这我也没问题】

I like the weather, don't mind a bit cooler, but the way it is is fine with me.我喜欢现在的天气,不介意再凉一点,可是就是这样我也很开心。

He has said it is “fine with me” if American troops remain in Iraq for “maybe a hundredyears”.他曾经说过如果美军在伊逗留“100多年”他也“可以接受”。

I don't really think so, it is fine for me. (Do you want me to turn it down ? )对,是有一点嘈杂,但我还是蛮喜欢的.(你想让我调轻一点吗?)

Maybe that is fine for me, It needs me sinkinto my endless dark.

也许这对我是好事,它一定是要我沉入无尽的黑暗之中。

TAG: 句子