一，完全倒装 1、在 “there be” 结构里，there是引导词，主语在be后。 e.g. There is a box on the table.2、为了表达生动，有时把表地点状语的介词词组置于句首，如on the top of the hill,along the river ,under the table等，构成倒装。 e.g. In the room are ten students. On the desk is a new book.3、在here, there，now,then等副词开头的某些句子里（要用一般现在时态）。如果主语是人称代词，主语和谓语动词不倒装。 e.g. There goes the bell. Here is an apple for you. There she comes.4、为了表达生动，有时把表地点、方位的副词，如 up, down, out, away, in等放在句首，构成倒装。若主语为人称代词，只将副词放在句首,主语和谓语动词不倒装。 e.g. Away hurried the boy. Out he rushed .5、直接引语的全部或一部分放在句首时，主句中的主谓也常直接倒装，此时，主句主语必须是名词。若主语为人称代词，主语和谓语动词不倒装。 e.g.“Very well,” said the French student. “Bring me two eggs and a cup of tea, please.” he said.
1) here, there, now, then, thus等副词置于句首, 谓语动词常用be, come, go, lie, run。
There goes the bell.
Then came the chairman.
Here is your letter.
Out rushed a missile from under the bomber.
Ahead sat an old woman.
Here he comes. Away they went.
1) 句首为否定或半否定的词语，如no, not, never, seldom, little, hardly, at no time, in no way, not until… 等。
Never have I seen such a performance.
Nowhere will you find the answer to this question.
Not until the child fell asleep did the mother leave the room.
I have never seen such a performance.
The mother didn't leave the room until the child fell asleep.
1) Why can't I smoke here?
At no time___ in the meeting-room
A. is smoking permitted B. smoking is permitted
C. smoking is it permitted D. does smoking permit
答案A. 这是一个倒装问题。当否定词语置于句首以表示强调时，其句中的主谓须用倒装结构。 这些否定词包括no, little, hardly, seldom, never, not only, not until等。本题的正常语序是 Smoking is permitted in the meeting-room at no time.
2） Not until the early years of the 19th century ___ what heat is.
A. man did know B. man know C. didn't man know D. did man know
答案D. 看到Not until…的句型，我们知道为一倒装句，答案在C，D 中选一个。
改写为正常语序为，Man did not know what heat is until the early years of the 19th. 现在将not提前，后面就不能再用否定了,否则意思就变了。
一、副词here,there, in, out,up ,down, away,back,now, then, ahead 等位于句首,当谓语动词是be,come, go, follow,run等表示位置移动的动词，而且主语又是名词时,需要把谓语动词放主语之前，即全部倒装。
1.--Let's hurry. Listen!There________.
__Oh,yes.Has the teacher come yet?
A the bell goes, is he coming B goes the bell, he comes
C the bell is going,he is coming D goes the bell, comes he
A具有否定意义的副词放句首： not,never,seldom,hardly, rarely.little,scarely,few…
2.I finally got the job I dreamed about.Never in my life___
A did I feel B I feel C I had felt D had I felt
3.The old couple have been married for 40 years and never once__with each other.(2003)
A they had quarreled B they have quarreled
C have they quarreled D had they quarreled
B,含有否定意义的连词放句首:not only…but also.., neither..nor.., no sooner…than.., scarely..than..,Hardly..when.., not until...
4.Not until all the fish died in the river__how serious pollution was.(95)
A did the villagers realize B the villagers realized
C the villagers did realize D didn't the villagers realize
5.Not only__interested in football but__ beginning to show an interest in it.
A the teacher himself is, all his students are
B the teacher himself is, are all his students
C is the teacher himself, are all his students
D is the teacher himself,all his students are
*not only, no sooner,hardly.scarely要倒,but (also), than, when后面的句子不倒. Neither..nor..两部分都倒装。
C, 含有否定意义的介词放句首：by no means, In no time,in no case, on no account,under no circumstances...
On no account must you accept any money against your conscience.
6.Only in this way__to make improvement in the operating system.(2003 shang)
A you can hope B you did more C can you hope D did you hope
7. __can you expect to get a pay rise.(2001)
A With hard work B Although work hard
C Only with hard work D Now that he works hard
8.-David has made great progress recently.
A So he has, so you have B So he has, so have you
C So has he , so have you D So has he ,so you have
9. – You forget your purse when you went out.
A so did I B so I did C I did so D I so did
10._____,I have never seen anyone who's as capable(有能力） as John.(2001)
A As long as I have traveled B Now that I have traveled
C Much as I have traveled D As I have travled so much
11.___, he knows a lot of things.
A The child as he is B Child as he is C A child as he is D Child as he is
六、so ..that.., such ..that..的句子结构中，若so,such 和与其所修饰的词置于句首，实行部分倒。
12.So difficult____it to live in an English-speaking country that I determined to learn English well.(2001)
A I have felt B have I felt C I did feel D did I feel
七、若if 引导的虚拟条件句中有were, had, should 时， 可将if省，把were, had , should 放主语之前。
13.___it rain tomorrow, we would have put off the visit to the Yangpu Bridge.(94)
A Were B Should C Would D Will
14.____ for the tree tickets,I would not have gone to the film so often.(95sh)
A If it is not B Were it not C Had not it been D If they were not
In a lecture hall of a university sits a professor.
May our country become rich and strong!
Long live the People's Republic of China!
十、There be 句型，eg,
There is a man at the door wants to see you.
There once lived an old hunter in that house.
There seems to be some misunderstanding about the matter.
1.Only after liberation___ to be treated as human beings.
A.did they begin B. they had begun
C.they did begin D. had they begun
2.Not only ___to stay at home, but he was also forbidden to see his friends.
A.he was forcing B. he was forced
C.was he forcing D. was he forced
3.Not until his father was out of prison to school. _______.
A.can John go B. John can go C. could John go D. John could go
4.Never before __seen such a stupid man.
A.am I B. was I C. have I D. shall I
5.Rarely ___about such a silly thing.
A.have I heard of B. I have heard of
C.I have been hearing of D. have I heard from
6.Little ___about his own health though he was very ill.
A.he cared B. did he care C. does he care D. he cares
7.Seldom ___him recently.
A.I met B. I have met C. have I met D. didn't I meet
8.Hardly ____down ___he stepped in.
A.had I sat …than B. I had sat …when
B.had I sat …then D. had I sat…when
9.No sooner___asleep than she heard a knock at the door.
A. she had fallen B. had she fallen C. she had fell D. had she fell
10.He did not see Smith. _____
A. Neither did I B. Nor didn't I C. Neither I did D. So didn't I
11.I don't know how to swim, ____.
A. and my sister doesn't neither B. nor my sister can
C. nor does my sister D. and my sister does either
12 ---You ought to have given them some advice.
---_____, but who cared what I said?
A. So ought you B. So I ought C. So did you D. So I did
13. –It was hot yesterday. _____.
A. It was so B. So was it C. So it was D. So it did
14. She's passed the test. ____.
A. So am I B. So have I C. So I have D. Also I have
15.You like football very much. ______.
A. So do I B. It is the same with me C. I do too D. So I do
16. ____, he is honest.
A. As he is poor B. Poor is he C. Poor as he is D. Poor as is he
17. _____, he knows a lot of things.
A. A child as he is B. Child as he is
C. A child as is he D. Child as is he
18. _____, you can't lift yourself up.
A. Even you're strong B. Strong as you are
C. How strong you are D. In spite you're strong
19.So carelessly___ that he almost killed himself.
A. he drives B. he drove C. does he drive D. did he drive
20.Early in the day____ the news ____the enemy were gone.
A. come…that B. came…that C. comes…that D. came …what
21.Only when you realize the importance of foreign languages ___them well.
A. you can learn B. can you learn C. you learned D. did you learn
A. here the bus comes B. here is the bus coming
C. here comes the bus D. here the bus is coming
23. “Where is Kate?” “Look, ____. She is at the school gate.”
A. there she is B. there is she C. here you are D. here it is
24. Which of the following sentences is correct?
A. In the teacher came B. In did come the teacher
C. In did the teacher come D. in came the teacher
25.Out ____, with a stick in his hand.
A. did he rush B. rushed he C. he rushed D. he did rush
1-5ADCCA 6-10 BCDBA 11-15 CDCBD
16-20 CBBDB 20-25 BCADC
这是我高中上课时老师讲的，希望这些笔记对你有用O(∩_∩)O~ 1.某些表示方向、地点的副词或介词短语in out up down there here now then away off in front of 等位于句首且主语是名词是句子需要完全倒装，若主语是代词，句子不倒装 如：here comes the bus. there he comes. 2.there be引导倒装句，常用词结构的动词有：be appear come exist happen lie stand live occur ought seem used 等 如： there lives an old fisherman. there lies a temple near cottage. 3.平衡倒装：为保持句子平衡，或为了强调表语或状语，或为了上下文衔接，常把状语放在句首，主语和谓语用完全倒装 如：under the tree sits a handsome boy. happy indeed are there who receive this good news after a long silence.