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高中英语时态语法 高中英语全部时态语态

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高中英语时态语法 高中英语全部时态语态

高一英语时态整理

1.PRESENT SIMPLE一般现在时

USES用法

We use present simple tense我们用一般现在时表示:

1.to talk about activities that we repeat regulsrly(routines,habits):

反复发生的动作(日常活动、习惯等),例如:

Peter travels to exotic places every year.

She wears a pony tail.

2.to talk about permannent situations now:

永久性的状态,例如:

She loves to get together with her friends.

We have a very good relationship with our parents.

3.to talk about general truths:

客观事实和普遍真理,例如:

Sun rises in the east.

4.to talk about future offical events or timetables

将来官方的事情或不可改变的时间表,例如:

Christmas falls on a Sunday next year.

2.PRESENT CONTINUOUS现在进行时

Uses用法

We use the Present Continuous我们用现在进行时表示:

1.to talk about activities that are going on at the time of speaking

说话时正在进行的动作,例如:

Excuse me, you're sitting in my seat.

2.to talk about activities that happened regularly but for a limitied period of time(Temporary routines or habits)

一定时间段内经常进行的动作(暂时的日常活动或习惯)。例如:

I'm learning to drive.

3.to talk about future events that we have already fixed or arranged

已经确定或安排好的将来的活动。例如:

I'm leaving for a trek in Nepal next week.

备注:有些状态动词,一般不用于现在进行时

3.PAST SIMPLE一般过去时

We use the past simple to talk about一般过去时表示:

1.finished actions in the past

过去完成的动作,例如:

I finished my homework yesterday.

2.past situations that are repeated or continuous and past habits:

过去反复或持续发生的状态和过去的习惯,例如:

They always interviewed new employees on Fridays.

4.PAST CONTINUOUS过去进行时

USES用法

We use the past continuous to talk about:

1.activities that continuoued for some time in the past.

过去一段时间内持续的动作,例如:

The robberts were waiting at the bus stop.

2.activities or situations that form a background for an events.

描述故事发生的背景或状态,例如:

He was sleeping under a big tree when a storm began.

备注:过去进行时和过去适用于一个句子中时,过去进行时描述背景和状态,过去时报道该事件。

5.PRESENT PERFECT现在完成时

USES用法

We use the present perfect to talk about:现在完成时表示

1.past events and activities with results or consequences in the present:过去发生的动作但对现在有影响:

Her last book has been a great success.

2.过去单独发生的或反复发生的动作。

I've walked across the Amazon jungle.

TAG: 语法