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初一英语重语法总结 初中七年级英语语法总结归纳

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初一英语重语法总结 初中七年级英语语法总结归纳

初一上册英语重点语法

英语语法口诀21条:

1、英语的词类

句子要由词组成,

英语词类有十种:

句中成分用实词,

名、代、动、副、数、形容:

冠、介、连词和感叹,

虚词附加或沟通。

词类功能掌握了,

造句之时好运用。

2、语序歌

主、谓、宾、表同汉语,

定语有同也有异。

状语位置更特殊,

不能全和汉语比。

3、肯定句变一般疑问句

have和be提句首,

其它助词Do开头。

时间、人称由do变,

动词只把原形留。

谓语助词有几个,

第一助词提句首。

4、肯定句变否定句

否定词语加not,

放在be和have后。

其它要加动词do,

do的后面加not,

时间、人称由do变,

动词原形总保留。

谓语若是助词多,

not紧跟第一个。

5、名词的所有格

名词只变数,

不分主宾格。

人和动物类,

可变所有格。

撇(’)后加s,

相当汉语“的”。

时间、距离等,

也变所有格。

6、名词变复数

单数变为复数式,

加上“s”统言之。

下列结尾名词后,

要加“s”先加“e”:

发音[∫][t∫][s]和[z],

或是辅音加“o”时。

有些名词变复数,

词尾变化要注意:

“y”前字母是辅音,

一律变“y”为“ie”;

遇到“f/fe”,

有时需要变“ve”

少数名词不规则,

特别情况靠硬记。

7、时间名词前所有介词的速记

年月周前要用in,

日子前面却不行。

遇到几号要用“on”,

上午下午又是“in”。

要说某日上下午,

用on换in才能行。

午夜黄昏用at,

黎明用它也不错。

at也在时分前,

说“差”用to,

说“过”要用past。

8、介词用法歌

介词加宾语,

才能有实意。

表、定、状、宾、补,

词组在句里。

9、介词顺口溜

in 在……里,

out在……外,

在旁边的是beside,

靠近的为by。

on在……上,

under在……下,

above在上头,

below在底下。

10、be的用法歌

动词be,变化大,

“I”用“am”“You”用“are”

Is用于它(it)、他(he)、她(she)

复数一定要用“are”,

切莫用错闹笑话。

11、动词的时态

四种时间各四式,

联想对比便于记。

时间现在和过去,

各自还有将来时。

一般、完成、进行式,

完成进行是四式。

四四共有十六种,

看来复杂掌握易;

除去have/be以外,

动词变化有规律。

12、动词形式的变化

动词根本是原形,

变化形式有四种:

原形词尾加“s”,

现在第三单人称;

过去原形加“ed”,

过去分词也相同;

原形加上“ing”,

现在分词或动名。

原形词尾加“s”,

如同名词复数式。

若加“ed/ing”,

以下情况要注意:

词尾有ie只加d,

Ing去掉无声e;

词尾ie变成y,

然后再加ing;

辅音之后y结尾,

Y要变i加ed;

现在分词不变y,

直接加上ing;

词尾重读闭音节,

结尾辅音都双写,

r做结尾也一样,

重读音节r双写;

结尾字母若是“t”,

不是重读也双写。

过去分词过去式,

不按规则也有些。

13、动词不定式不带to的动词

四看(notice,observe,see,watch),

三使役(have,let,make),

二听(hear,listen to),

一感觉(feel)。

按:在上述动词后做宾语补语用的不定式不带to。

14、非谓语动词

动词不做调话用,

不定、分调与动名。

to加原形不定式,

词组可做名、副、形。

分调现在和过去,

相当副词和形容。

原形加上“ing”,

动词具有名词性。

15、基数词变序数词(之一)

基变序,有规律,

词尾字母tdd。①

八减t,九减e,

f要把ve替。②

ty把y变成i,

记住山前有个e。③

① 指first、second、third。

② 指eight去掉t,nine去掉e,five和twelve去掉ve加上f。

③ 指twenty→twentieth等。

16、基数词变序数词(之二)

第一、二、三要全变,①

其余“th”加后边,②

“th”里有例外,

你需格外记明白:

八减t,九减e,③

字母f代ve,④

ty变tie。⑤

① one-first,two-second,three-third。

② four-fourth,seven-seventh,hundred-hundredth。.

③ eight-eighth ,nine-ninth。

④ five-fifth,twelve-twelfth。

⑤ twenty-twentieth,sixty-sixtieth。

17、There be的位置和用法

说明何时何地有,

there be在主语前。

随着主语第一个,

be的形式做变换。

18、be going的用法

be going是助动词,

后跟加to不定式。

说明“准备”或“就要”,

时间人称只变be。

19、have+got

have作为动词“有”,

情态动词have;

have got惯用语,

got可有也可无。

若变否定疑问,

去掉got再加do;

或把have提句首,

not加在have后。

20、以or结尾的词

售票员班长(照)镜子,

蓖麻教授(找)医生。

按:有些同学常把-or结尾的词误拼为-er结尾的词。初中课本1-6册只有六个以-or结尾的词。它们是:doctor n.医生(第一册);monitor n班长(第二册);conductor n.售票员(第四册);mirror n镜子(第五册);castor n蓖麻(第六册);professor n教授(第六册)。

21、以f(e)结尾的名词复数

以f(e)结尾的名词,在中学课本里,出现了不少。其名词复数形式:有的直接在-f(e)后加s;有的要改-f(e)为ve再加-s;个别单词上述两种形式均可(如handkerchief→handkerchiefs或handkerchieves)。似乎不易记住这些规则,可只要记只下面这首顺口溜,相信你就不会觉得难了。

妻子持刀去宰狼,

小偷吓得发了慌;

躲在架后保己命,

半片树叶遮目光。

按:顺口溜中的黑体字是中学阶段学过的九个以上-f(s)结尾的名词:wife(妻子),knife(小刀),wolf(狼),thief(小偷),shelf(架子),self(自己),life(生命),half(一半),leaf(树叶)。这九个词变复数时,都是改-f(e)为ve再加-s。由self构成的复合词,其变化与self相同(如myself→ourselves;yourself→yourselves;himelf,herself,itself→themselves)。

初中七年级英语语法总结归纳

get to +地方 get here/?

一. Asking ways: (问路)

1. Where is (the nearest) ……? (最近的)……在哪里?

2. Can you tell me the way to ……; along this street. 沿着这条街一直走。

2. Turn left at the second turning。

5;along…… 沿着……(街道) down/.

14. have a good trip 旅途愉快

15.

5 I can speak English and a little French.

6 Please write and tell me about yourself.

7 Can you write to me soon. turn left/ right 向左/右拐

on the left/right of…… 在某物的左/. You’d better take a bus. 你最好坐公交车去。(You’d better+动词原形)

三.词组

1? = Where does your pen pal from/. the beginning of…… ……的开始;写信给某人

5 .in the world 在世界上 in China 在中国

6.pen pal 笔友 14 years old 14岁 favorite subject 最喜欢的科目

7.the United States 美国 the United Kingdom 英国 New York 纽约

8.speak English 讲英语 like and dislike 爱憎

9.go to the movies 去看电影 play sports 做运动

二.重点句式.

三.本单元的国家,人民七年级下册英语语法点总结(1)

七年级下册英语语法点总结(1)

分类:英语学习

Unit 1 Where’s your pen pal from.

课室前面有棵树?

4 I want a pen pal in China?

4. Is there …… near here /? 我怎样到达……呢;

2 Where does he live?

3 What language(s) does he speak: (指路)

1. Go straight down / French

2 France------ French------French

3 Japan------Japanese----Japanese

4 Australia----Australian----- English

5 the United States------ American---- English

6 the United Kingdom---British----- Enghish

Unit 2 Where’s the post office、语言对应。

1 Canada---- Canadian---- English /. next to…… 紧靠…… next to the supermarket 紧靠超市

3. between……and…… 在……和……之间

between the park and the zoo 在公园和动物园之间

among 表示位于三者或三者以上之间

4. in front of…… 在……前面 There is a tree in front of the classroom。

in the front of…… 在……(内)的前部 There is a desk in the front of the classroom; there/ home 到这/那/家

arrive in +大地方 I arrive in Beijing.

arrive at +小地方 I arrive at the bank.

reach +地方

17.go across 从物体表面横过 go across the street 横过马路

go through 从空间穿过 go through the forest 穿过树林

18.on + 街道的名称。 Eg: on Center Street

at + 具体门牌号+街道的名称 Eg: at 6 Center Street

三.重难点解析

1.enjoy doing sth 享受做某事的乐趣,喜爱做某事

I enjoy reading. 我喜爱读书。

到目前为止,我们学了两个特殊的动词finish和enjoy,都是要带 doing.

I finish cleaning the room. 我扫完了这间屋子。

2.hope to do sth 希望做某事 I hope to pass this exam. 我希望通过这次考试。

hope +从句 I hope tomorrow will be fine. 我希望明天将会晴朗。

(从句即是一个小句子,这个小句子又放在大句子中,从属于大句子,所以叫从句。如tomorrow will be fine是一个从句,它又放在I hope 的后面,形成句中有句。)

3. if 引导一个表示假设的句子。

If I have much money, I will go to the moon. 如果我有许多钱,我就会去月球。

If you are hungry, you can buy some food in the supermarket.

如果你饿了的话,你可以在超市买一些食物。

四.本单元的反义词、近义词配对

1new—old 2 quiet--- busy 3 dirty--- clean 4 big---- small

Unit 3 Why do you like koala bears?

一.重点词组

eat grass eat leaves be quiet very shy very smart very cute

play with her friends kind of South Africa other animals

at night in the day every day during the day

二. 交际用语

1. Why do you like pandas? Because they’re very clever.

2. Why does he like koalas? Because they’re kind of interesting.

3. Where are lions from? They are from South Africa.

4. What other animals do you like?

I like dogs, too.

Why?

Because they’re friendly and clever.

5. Molly likes to play with her friends and eat grass.

6. She’s very shy.

7. He is from Australia.

8.He sleeps during the day, but at night he gets up and eats leaves.

9.He usually sleeps and relaxes 20 hours every day.

10.Let’s see the pandas first.

11.They’re kind of interesting.

12.What other animals do you like?

13.Why do you want to see the lions?

三. 重点难点释义

1、kind of 有点,稍微

Koala bears are kind of shy. 考拉有点害羞。

kind 还有“种类”的意思

如:各种各样的 all kinds of

We have all kinds of beautiful flowers in our school.

2、China n. 中国 Africa n. 非洲

China 和Africa都是专有名词,首字母都应该大写,而且和介词in连用。

There are many kinds of tigers in China.

There are many kinds of scary animals in Africa.

3、friendly adj. 友好的,和蔼可亲的

它是名词friend的形容词形式,常常和be动词连用, be friendly。

The people in Chengdu are very friendly.

4、with prep. 跟,同,和…在一起

I usually play chess with my father.

注意区别与and的用法,and通常用于连接主语或宾语,连接主语时,

如果有I, I通常放在 and 之后,如:

My father and I usually play chess together.

Play with “和…一起玩耍”“玩…”

I often play with my pet dog.

Don’t play with water!

5、day和night 是一对反义词,day 表示白天或一天,night表示夜或夜晚。

通常说in the day, during the day, at night。

Koala bears often sleep during the day and eat leaves at night.

6、leaf n. 叶子

复数形式为:leaves, 类似的变化还有:wife—wives, wolf—wolves,

knife—knives等。

7、hour n. 小时;点钟

hour前边通常加上冠词an 表示“一个小时”, 即:an hour。

There are 24 hours in a day and 60minutes in an hour.

8、be from 来自…

be from = come from

Pandas are from China. = Pandas come form China.

9、meat n. (食用的)肉,为不可数名词,表示“许多”时,使用much来修

饰,即:much meat

He eats much meat every day.

10、grass n. 草,为不可数名词,表示“许多”时,使用much来修饰,即:much grass。

There is much grass on the playground.

四. 语法知识

特殊疑问句通常以“what”、“who”、“which”、“when”、“where”、“how”、“how old”、“how many”等开头,对某一具体问题进行提问。

特殊疑问句的基本构成有两种情况:

1. 疑问句+一般疑问句结构。这是最常见的情况。例如:

What’s your grandfather’s telephone number? 你爷爷的电话号码是多少?

Who is that boy with big eyes? 那个大眼睛的男孩是谁?

Which season do you like best? 你最喜欢哪个季节?

When is he going to play the piano? 他什么时候弹钢琴?

Where does he live? 他住在哪儿?

How are you? 你好吗?

How old are you? 你多大了?

How many brothers and sisters do you have? 你有几个兄弟姐妹?

2. 疑问句+陈述句结构。这时疑问词作主语或修饰主语。例如:

Who is on duty today?

今天谁值日?

Which man is your teacher?

哪位男士是你的老师?

我们学过的What/How about+名词/代词+其他?也是特殊疑问句,它是一种省略结构。

例如:

I like English. What/How about you? 我喜欢英语。你呢?

What about playing basketball? 打篮球怎么样?

Unit 4 I want to be an actor.

一.短语:

1 want to do sth 想要作某事

2 give sb sth = give sth to sb 给某人某物 / 把某物给某人

3 help sb do sth 帮助某人作某事 Eg: I want to help my mother do some housework at home.

4 help sb with sth 帮助某人谋事 Eg: I want to help my mother with some housework at home

5 in the day 在白天

6 at night 在晚上

7 talk with/ to sb 和----谈话

8 be busy doing sth 忙于做某事 Eg: He is busy listening to the teacher.

9 in a hospital 在医院l

10 work/ study hard 努力工作

11 Evening Newspaper 晚报

二.重点句式及注意事项:

1 询问职业的特殊疑问词是what;有三种主要句式

① What + is / are + sb?

② What + does/ do + sb + do?

③ What + is/ are + 名词所有格/ 形容词性物主代词 + job?

2 People give me their money or get their money from me.

3 Sometimes I work in the day and sometimes at night.

4 I like talking to people.

5 I work late. I’m very busy when people go out to dinners.

6 Where does your sister work?

7 then we have a job for you as a waiter.

8 Do you want to work for a magazine? Then come and work for us as a reporter.

9 Do you like to work evenings and weekends?

10 We are an international school for children of 5-12.

三. 本单元中的名词复数。

1 policeman--- policemen 2 woman doctor----- women doctors 3 thief-----. take a taxi 坐出租车

16,前端

at the beginning of…… 在……的开始,前端

in the beginning 起初,一开始

13. have fun=have a good time=enjoy oneself 玩得开心,过得愉快

我昨天玩得很开心? 你能告诉我去……的路吗?

3. How can I get to ……;右边 on the left of our school 在我们学校的左边

on one’s left/right 在某人的左/右边 on my left 在我左边

7. go straight 一直走

8. down /along Center Street 沿着中央街

9. in the neighborhood=near here 在附近

10 welcome to…… 欢迎来到……

11; in the neighborhood? 附近有……吗?

5. Which is the way to ……? 哪条是去……的路?

二.Showing the ways。 I had fun yesterday.

I had a good time yesterday.

I enjoyed myself yesterday. 到达. across from …… 在……的对面 across from the bank 在银行的对面

2:

1 Where’s your pen pal from.

课室内的前部有张桌子。

5. behind…… 在……后面 behind my house 在我家后面

6. take /have a walk 散步

12?

8 I like going to the movies with my friends and playing sports. 在第二个路口向左转。

3. You will find it on your right. 你会在你右手边发现它。

4. It is about one hundred metres from here. 离这里大约一百米远?

一.短语:

1 .be from = come from 来自于----

2. live in 居住在---

3. on weekends 在周末

4 .write to sb = write a letter to sb 给某人写信

初一英语语法归纳

给你一些仁爱七年级的语法与短语吧

1. I see. 我明白了。

2. I quit! 我不干了!

3. Let go! 放手!

4. Me too. 我也是。

5. My god! 天哪!

6. No way! 不行!

7. Come on. 来吧(赶快)。

8. Hold on. 等一等。

9. I agree. 我同意。

10. Not bad. 还不错。

11. Not yet. 还没。

12. See you. 再见。

13. Shut up! 闭嘴!

14. So long. 再见。

15. Why not? 好呀! (为什么不呢?)

16. Allow me. 让我来。

17. Be quiet! 安静点!

18. Cheer up! 振作起来!

19. Good job! 做得好!

20. Have fun! 玩得开心!

21. How much? 多少钱?

22. I’m full. 我饱了。

23. I’m home. 我回来了。

24. I’m lost. 我迷路了。

25. My treat. 我请客。

26. So do I. 我也一样。

27. This way.这边请。

28. After you. 您先。

29. Bless you! 祝福你!

30. Follow me. 跟我来。

31. Forget it! 休想! (算了!)

32. Good luck! 祝好运!

33. I decline! 我拒绝!

34. I promise. 我保证。

35. Of course! 当然了!

36. Slow down! 慢点!

37. Take care! 保重!

38. They hurt. (伤口)疼。

39. Try again. 再试试。

40. Watch out! 当心。

41. What’s up? 有什么事吗?

42. Be careful! 注意!

43. Bottoms up! 干杯(见底)!

44. Don’t move! 不许动!

45. Guess what? 猜猜看?

46. I doubt it 我怀疑。

47. I think so. 我也这么想。

48. I'm single. 我是单身贵族。

49. Keep it up! 坚持下去!

50. Let me see. 让我想想。

51. Never mind. 不要紧。

52. No problem! 没问题!

53. That's all! 就这样!

54. Time is up. 时间快到了。

55. What's new? 有什么新鲜事吗?

56. Count me on. 算上我。

57. Don't worry. 别担心。

58. Feel better? 好点了吗?

59. I love you! 我爱你!

60. I'm his fan. 我是他的影迷。

61. Is it yours? 这是你的吗?

62. That's neat. 这很好。

63. Are you sure? 你肯定吗?

64. Do I have to 非做不可吗?

65. He is my age. 他和我同岁。

66. Here you are. 给你。

67. No one knows. 没有人知道。

68. Take it easy. 别紧张。

69. What a pity! 太遗憾了!

70. Any thing else? 还要别的吗?

71. To be careful! 一定要小心!

72. Do me a favor? 帮个忙,好吗?

73. Help yourself. 别客气。

74. I'm on a diet. 我在节食。

75. Keep in Touch. 保持联络。

76. Time is money. 时间就是金钱。

77. Who's calling? 是哪一位?

78. You did right. 你做得对。

79. You set me up! 你出卖我!

80. Can I help you? 我能帮你吗?

81. Enjoy yourself! 祝你玩得开心!

82. Excuse me, Sir. 先生,对不起。

83. Give me a hand! 帮帮我!

84. How's it going? 怎么样?

85. I have no idea. 我没有头绪。

86. I just made it! 我做到了!

87. I'll see to it 我会留意的。

88. I'm in a hurry! 我在赶时间!89. It’s her field. 这是她的本行。

90. It’s up to you. 由你决定。

91. Just wonderful! 简直太棒了!

92. What about you? 你呢?

93. You owe me one. 你欠我一个人情。

94. You’re welcome. 不客气。

95. Any day will do. 哪一天都行.

96. Are you kidding? 你在开玩笑吧!

97. Congratulations! 祝贺你!

98. T can’t help it. 我情不自禁。

99. I don’t mean it. 我不是故意的。

100. I’ll fix you Up. 我会帮你打点的。

101. It sounds great!. 听起来很不错。

102. It’s a fine day. 今天是个好天。

103. So far, so good. 目前还不错。

104. What time is it? 几点了?

105. You can make it! 你能做到!

106. Control yourself! 克制一下!

107. He came by train. 他乘火车来。

108. He is ill in bed. 他卧病在床。

109. He lacks courage. 他缺乏勇气。

110. How’s everything? 一切还好吧?

111. I have no choice. 我别无选择。

112. I like ice-cream. 我喜欢吃冰淇淋。

113. I love this game. 我钟爱这项运动。

114. I’ll try my best. 我尽力而为。

115. I’m On your side. 我全力支持你。

116. Long time no see! 好久不见!

117. No pain,no gain. 不劳无获。

118. Well, it depends 噢,这得看情况。

119. We’re all for it. 我们全都同意。

120. What a good deal! 真便宜!

121. What should I do? 我该怎么办?

122. You asked for it! 你自讨苦吃!

123. You have my word. 我保证。

124. Believe it or not! 信不信由你!

125. Don’t count on me. 别指望我。

126. Don’t fall for it! 别上当!

127. Don’t let me down. 别让我失望。

128. Easy come easy go.来得容易,去得快。

129. I beg your pardon. 请你原谅。

130. I beg your pardon? 请您再说一遍

(我没有听清)。

131. I’ll be back soon. 我马上回来。

132. I’ll check it out. 我去查查看。

133. It’s a long story. 说来话长。

134. It’s Sunday today. 今天是星期天。

135. Just wait and see! 等着瞧!

136. Make up your mind. 做个决定吧。

137. That's all I need. 我就要这些。

138. The view is great. 景色多么漂亮!

139. The wall has ears. 隔墙有耳。

140. There comes a bus. 汽车来了。

141. What day is today? 今天星期几?

142. What do you think? 你怎么认为?

143. Who told you that? 谁告诉你的?

144. Who's kicking off? 现在是谁在开球?

145. Yes,I suppose so. 是的,我也这么认为。

146. You can't miss it 你一定能找到的。

147. Any messages for me? 有我的留言吗?

148. Don't be so modest. 别谦虚了。

149. Don't give me that! 少来这套!

150. He is a smart boy. 他是个小机灵鬼。

151. He is just a child. 他只是个孩子。

152. I can't follow you. 我不懂你说的。

153. I felt sort of ill. 我感觉有点不适。

154. I have a good idea! 我有一个好主意。

155. It is growing cool. 天气渐渐凉爽起来。

156. It seems all right. 看来这没问题。

157. It's going too far. 太离谱了。

158. May I use your pen? 我可以用你的笔吗?

159. She had a bad cold. 她患了重感冒。

160. That's a good idea. 这个主意真不错。

161. The answer is zero. 白忙了。

162. What does she like? 她喜欢什么?

163. As soon as possible! 越快越好!

164. He can hardly speak. 他几乎说不出话来。

165. He always talks big. 他总是吹牛。

166. He won an election. 他在选举中获胜。

167. I am a football fan. 我是个足球迷。

168. If only I could fly. 要是我能飞就好了。

169. I'll be right there. 我马上就到。

170. I'll see you at six. 我六点钟见你。

171. IS it true o* **lse? 这是对的还是错的?

172. Just read it for me. 就读给我听好了。

173. Knowledge is power. 知识就是力量。

174. Move out of my way! 让开!

175. Time is running out. 没时间了。

176. We are good friends. 我们是好朋友。

177. What's your trouble? 你哪儿不舒服?

178. You did fairly well! 你干得相当不错!

179. Clothes make the man. 人要衣装。

180. Did you miss the bus? 你错过公共汽车了?

181. Don’t lose your head. 不要惊慌失措。

182. He can’t take a joke. 他开不得玩笑。

183. He owes my uncle $100. 他欠我叔叔100美元。

184. How are things going? 事情进展得怎样?

185. How are you recently? 最近怎么样?

186. I know all about it. 我知道有关它的一切。

187. It really takes time. 这样太耽误时间了。

188. It’s against the law. 这是违法的。

189. Love me,love my dog. (谚语)爱屋及乌。

190. My mouth is watering. 我要流口水了。

191. Speak louder,please. 说话请大声点儿。

192. This boy has no job. 这个男孩没有工作。

193. This house is my own. 这所房子是我自己的。

194. What happened to you? 你怎么了?

195. You are just in time. 你来得正是时候。

196. You need to workout. 你需要去运动锻炼一下。

197. Your hand feels cold. 你的手摸起来很冷。。

198. Don’t be so childish. 别这么孩子气。

199. Don’t trust to chance! 不要碰运气。

200. Fasten your seat belt. 系好你的安全带。

201. He has a large income. 他有很高的收入。

202. He looks very healthy. 他看来很健康。

203. He paused for a reply. 他停下来等着?回答。

204. He repaired his house. 他修理了他的房子。

205. He suggested a picnic. 他建议搞一次野餐。

206. Here’s a gift for you. 这里有个礼物送给你。

207. How much does it cost? 多少钱?

208. I caught the last bus. 我赶上了最后一班车。

209. I could hardly speak. 我简直说不出话来。

210. I’ll have to try that. 我得试试这么做。

211. I’m very proud of you. 我为你感到非常骄傲。

212. It doesn’t make sense. 这没有意义(不合常理)。

213. Make yourself at home. 请不要拘礼。

214. My car needs washing. 我的车需要洗一洗。

215. None of your business! 与你无关!

216. Not a sound was heard. 一点声音也没有。

217. That’s always the case. 习以为常了。

218. The road divides here. 这条路在这里分岔。

219. Those are watermelons. 那些是西瓜。

220. What a nice day it is! 今天天气真好!

221. What’s wrong with you? 你哪里不对劲?

222. You are a chicken. 你是个胆小鬼。

223. A lovely day,isn’t it? 好天气,是吗?

224. He is collecting money. 他在筹集资金。

225. He was born in New York. 他出生在纽约。

226. He was not a bit tired. 他一点也不累。

227. I will be more careful. 我会小心一些的.

228. I will never forget it. 我会记着的。

229. It is Just what I need. 这正是我所需要的。

230. It rather surprised me. 那事使我颇感惊讶。

231. Just around the comer. 就在附近。

232. Just for entertainment. 只是为了消遣一下.

233. Let bygones be bygones. 过去的,就让它过去吧。

234. Mother doesn’t make up. 妈妈不化妆。

235. Oh,you are kidding me. 哦,你别拿我开玩笑了。

236. She has been to school. 她上学去了。

237. Skating is interesting. 滑冰很有趣。

238. Supper is ready at six. 晚餐六点钟就好了。

239. That’s a terrific idea! 真是好主意!

240. What horrible weather! 这鬼天气!

241. Which would you prefer? 你要选哪个?

242. Does she like ice-cream? 她喜欢吃冰淇淋吗?

243. First come first served. 先到先得。

244. Great minds think alike. 英雄所见略同。

245. He has a sense of humor. 他有幽默感。

246. He is acting an old man. 他正扮演一个老人。

247. He is looking for a job. 他正在找工作。

248. He doesn’t care about me. 他并不在乎我。

249. I develop films myself. 我自己冲洗照片。

250. I felt no regret for it. 对这件事我不觉得后悔。

251. I get up at six o’clock. 我六点起床。

252. I meet the boss himself. 我见到了老板本人。

253. I owe you for my dinner. 我欠你晚餐的钱。

254. I really enjoyed myself. 我玩得很开心。

255. I’m fed up with my work! 我对工作烦死了!

256. It’s no use complaining. 发牢骚没什么用。

257. She’s under the weather. 她心情?不好。

258. The child sobbed sadly. 小孩伤心地抽泣着。

259. The rumor had no basis. 那谣言没有?根据。

260. They praised him highly. 他们大大地表扬了他。

261. Winter is a cold season. 冬天是一个,寒冷的季节。

262. You can call me any time. 你可以随时打电话给我。

263. 15 divided by3 equals 5. 15除以3等于5。

264. All for one,one for all. 我为人人,人人为我。

265. East, west, home is best. 金窝,银窝,不如自己的草窝。

266. He grasped both my hands. 他紧握住我的双手。

267. He is physically mature. 他身体己发育成熟。

268. I am so sorry about this. 对此我非常抱歉(遗憾)。

269. I can’t afford a new car. 我买不起一部新车。

270. I do want to see him now. 我现在确实很想去见他。

271. I have the right to know. 我有权知道。

272. I heard some one laughing. 我听见有人在笑。

273. I suppose you dance much. 我想你常常跳舞吧。

274. I walked across the park. 我穿过了公园。

275. I’ll just play it by ear. 我到时随机应变。

276. I’m not sure I can do it. 恐怕这事我干不了。

277. I’m not used to drinking. 我不习惯喝酒。

278. Is the cut still painful? 伤口还在痛吗?

279. It’s too good to be true! 好得难以置信。

280. Jean is a blue-eyed girl. 珍是个蓝眼睛的女孩。

281. Let’s not waste our time. 咱们别浪费时间了。

282. May I ask some questions? 我可以问几个问题吗?

283. Money is not everything. 金钱不是一切。

284. Neither of the men spoke. 两个人都没说过话。

285. Stop ****** such a noise. 别吵了。

286. That makes no difference. 没什么区别。

287. The price is reasonable. 价格还算合理。

288. They crowned him king. 他们拥立他为国王。

289. They’re in red and white. 他们穿着红白相间的衣服。

290. We all desire happiness. 我们都想要幸福。

291. We just caught the plane 我们刚好赶上了飞机。

292. What shall we do tonight? 我们今天晚上去干点儿什么呢?

293. What’s your goal in life 你的人生目标是什么?

294. When was the house built? 这幢房子是什么时候建造的?

295. Why did you stay at home? 为什么呆在家里?

296. Would you like some help? 需要帮忙吗?

297. You mustn’t aim too high 你不可好高骛远。

298. You’re really killing me! 真是笑死我了!

299. You’ve got a point there. 你说得挺有道理的。

300. Being criticized is awful! 被人批评真是痛苦!

301. Did you enter the contest? 你参加比赛了吗?

302. Do you accept credit cards? 你们收信用卡吗?

303. Don’t cry over spilt milk. 不要做无益的后悔。

304. Don’t let chances pass by. 不要让机遇从我们身边溜走。

305. He owned himself defeated. 他承认自己失败了。

306. He seems at little nervous. 他显得有点紧张。

307. He strolls about the town. 他在镇上四处遛达。

308. Her tooth ached all night. 她牙疼了一整夜。

309. How about a drink tonight? 今晚喝一杯怎样?

310. I can do nothing but that. 我只会做那件事。

311. I get hold of you at last. 我终于找到你了。

312. I have a surprise for you. 我有一个意想不到的东西给你看。

313. I like all kinds of fruit. 我喜欢各种各样的水果。

314. I saw it with my own eyes. 我亲眼所见。

315. I will arrange everything. 我会安排一切的。

316. I wish I knew my neighbor. 我很想认识我的邻居。

317. I would like to check out. 我想结帐。

318. It has become much cooler. 天气变得凉爽多了。

319. It’s time you went to bed. 你早就该睡觉了。

320. No spitting on the street. 禁止在大街上吐痰。

321. She was totally exhausted. 她累垮了。

322. Show your tickets,please. 请出示你的票。

323. Thank you for your advice. 谢谢你的建议。

324. That’s the latest fashion. 这是最流行的款式。

325. The train arrived on time. 火车准时到达。

326. There go the house lights. 剧院的灯光灭了。

327. They are paid by the hour. 他们按时取酬。

328. Things are getting better. 情况正在好转。

329. Wake me up at five thirty. 请在五点半叫醒我。

330. We are all busy with work. 我们都忙于工作。

331. Where do you want to meet? 你想在哪儿见面?

332. You can get what you want. 你能得到你想要的。

333. A barking dog doesn’t bite! 吠犬不咬人。

334. Are you free this Saturday? 你这个星期六有空吗?

335. Be careful not to fall ill. 注意不要生病了。

336. Being a mother is not easy. 做一个母亲是不容易的。

337. Brevity is the soul of wit. 简洁是智慧的精华。

338. Cancer is a deadly disease. 癌症是一种致命的疾病。

339. Did you fight with others? 你又和别人打架了吗?

340. Don’t dream away your time. 不要虚度光阴。

341. Don’t keep me waiting long. 不要让我等得太久。

342. He has a remarkable memory. 他有惊人的记忆力。

343. He has completed the task. 他完成了这个任务。

344. He has quite a few friends. 他有不少的朋友。

345. He is capable of any crime. 他什么样的坏事都能干得出来。

346. He walks with a quick pace. 他快步走路。

347. He was not a little tired. 他很累。

348. His looks are always funny. 他的样子总是滑稽可笑。

349. How about going to a movie? 去看场电影怎么样?

350. I think I’ve caught a cold. 我想我得了感冒。

351. I was taking care of Sally. 我在照顾萨莉。

352. I wish I lived in NEWYORK. 我希望住在纽约。

353. I’m very glad to hear that. 很高兴听你这样说。

354. I’m your lucky fellow then. 我就是你的幸运舞伴啦!

355. It’s none of your business! 这不关你的事儿!

356. No littering on the campus. 在校园内不准乱丢废物。

357. She is a good-looking girl. 她是一个漂亮女孩。

358. She mended the broken doll. 她修补了破了的洋娃娃。

359. So I just take what I want. 那么我只拿我所需要的东西。

360. Spring is a pretty season, 春天是一个好季节。

361. The figure seems all Right. 数目看起来是对的。

362. The stars are too far away. 星星太遥远了。

363. The whole world knows that. 全世界都知道。

364. Tomorrow will be a holiday. 明天放假。

365. We walk on the garden path. 我们走在花园小径上。

366. What you need is just rest. 你需要的就是休息。

367. What’s you* **vorite steps? 你最喜欢跳什么舞?

368. You’d better let her alone. 你们最好是让她一个人呆会儿。

369. A lost chance never returns. 错过的机会永不再来。

370. Don’t let this get you down. 不要为此灰心丧气。

371. He shot the lion with a gun. 他用枪把狮子打死了。

372. I don’t think you are right. 我认为你是不对的。

373. I have never seen the movie. 我从未看过那部电影。

374. I haven’t seen you for ages. 我好久没见到你了。

375. I was alone,but not lonely. 我独自一人,但并不觉得寂寞。

376. I went there three days ago. 我三天前去过那儿。

377. It’s a friendly competition. 这是一场友谊赛。

378. It’s very thoughtful of you. 你想得真周到。

379. May I speak to Lora,please? 我能和劳拉说话吗?

380. Mr.Wang is fixing his bike. 王先生在修他的自行车。

381. My brother is seeking a job. 我弟弟正在找工作。

382. Nancy will retire next year. 南希明年就退休了。

383. Neither you nor he is wrong. 你没错,他也没错。

384. Opportunity knocks but once. 机不可失,时不再来。

385. She dressed herself hastily. 她匆忙穿上衣服。

386. She hired a car by the hour. 她租了一辆按钟点计费的汽车。

387. Someone is ringing the bell. 有人在按门铃。

388. The Smiths are my neighbors. 史密斯一家是我的邻居。

389. These shoes don’t fit right. 这双鞋不太合适。

390. This is only the first half. 这才是上半场呢。

391. This pen doesn’t write well. 这钢笔不好写。

392. Would you like a cup of tea? 你想喝杯茶吗?

393. You really look sharp today. 你今天真漂亮。

394. Another cat came to my house. 又有一只猫来到我家了。

395. Check your answers with mine. 把你的答案跟我的核对一下。

396. Don’t keep the truth from me. 别瞒着我事实真相。

397. Everything has its beginning. 凡事都有开端。

398. He came to the point at once. 他一下子就说到了点子上。

399. He fell behind with his work. 他工作落后了。

400. He is the happiest man alive. 他是世界上最快乐的人。

初一英语语法总结

一、词法

1、名词

A)、名词的数

我们知道名词可以分为可数名词和不可数名词,而不可数名词它没有复数形式,但可数名词却有单数和复数之分,复数的构成如下:

一)在后面加s。如:fathers, books, Americans, Germans, apples, bananas

二)x, sh, ch, s, tch后加es。如:boxes, glasses, dresses, watches, wishes, faxes

三)1)以辅音字母加y结尾的变y为i再加es 如:baby-babies, family-families, duty-duties, comedy-comedies, documentary-documentaries, story-stories

2)以元音字母加y结尾的直接加s。如:day-days, boy-boys, toy-toys, key-keys, ways

四)以o结尾加s(外来词)。如:radios, photos, 但如是辅音加o的加es:如: tomatoes西红柿, potatoes马铃薯

五)以f或fe结尾的变f为v再加es(s)。如:knife-knives, wife-wives, half-halves, shelf-shelves, leaf-leaves, yourself-yourselves

六)单复数相同(不变的)有:fish, sheep, deer鹿子, Chinese, Japanese

七)一般只有复数,没有单数的有:people,pants, shorts, shoes, glasses, gloves, clothes, socks

八)单词形式不变,既可以是单数也可以是复数的有:police警察局,警察, class班,同学, family家,家庭成员

九)合成的复数一般只加主要名词,多数为后一个单词。如:action movie-action movies, pen pal-pen pals; 但如果是由man或woman所组成的合成词的复数则同时为复数。如:man doctor-men doctors, woman teacher-women teachers

十)有的单复数意思不同。如:fish鱼 fishes鱼的种类, paper纸 papers报纸,卷子,论文, work工作 works作品,工厂, glass玻璃 glasses玻璃杯,眼镜, orange桔子水 oranges橙子, light光线 lights灯, people人 peoples民族, time时间 times时代, 次数, chicken 鸡肉 chickens 小鸡

十一) 单个字母的复数可以有两种形式直接加s或’s。如:Is (I’s), Ks (K’s)。但如是缩略词则只加s。如:IDs, VCDs, SARs

十二) 特殊形式的有:child-children, man-men, woman-women, foot-feet, mouse-mice, policeman-policemen, Englishman-Englishmen

 B)名词的格

当我们要表示某人的什么东西或人时,我们就要使用所有格形式。构成如下:

一)单数在后面加’s。如:brother’s, Mike’s, teacher’s

二)复数以s结尾的直接在s后加’,如果不是以s结尾的与单数一样处理。如:Teachers’ Day教师节, classmates’; Children’s Day六一节, Women’s Day三八节

三)由and并列的名词所有时,如果是共同所有同一人或物时,只加最后一个’s,但分别拥有时却分别按单数形式处理。如:Mike and Ben’s room迈克和本的房间(共住一间),Mike’s and Ben’s rooms迈克和本的房间(各自的房间)

2、代词

项目 人称代词 物主代词 指示代词 反身代词

人称 主格 宾格 形容词 名词性    

第一人称 单数 I me my mine myself

复数 we us our ours ourselves

第二人称 单数 you you your yours yourself

复数 you you your yours yourselves

第三人称 单数 she her her hers herself

he him his his himself

it it its its this that itself

复数 they them their theirs these those themselves

TAG: 语法