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初一上册英语课堂笔记 初一英语上册unit1笔记

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初一上册英语课堂笔记 初一英语上册unit1笔记

新目标七年级上册英语笔记

一. 词汇

⑴ 单词

1. 介词:in, on, under, behind, near, at, of

1). in表示"在……中", "在……内"。例如:

in our class 在我们班上

in my bag 在我的书包里

in the desk 在桌子里

in the classroom 在教室里

2). on 表示"在……上"。例如:

on the wall 在墙上

on the desk 在桌子上

on the blackboard 在黑板上

3). under表示"在……下"。例如:

under the tree 在树下

under the chair 在椅子下

under the bed 在床下

4). behind表示"在……后面"。例如:

behind the door 在门后

behind the tree 在树后

5). near表示"在……附近"。例如:

near the teacher's desk 在讲桌附近

near the bed 在床附近

6). at表示"在……处"。例如:

at school 在学校

at home 在家

at the door 在门口

7). of 表示"……的"。例如:

a picture of our classroom 我们教室的一幅画

a map of China 一张中国地图

2. 冠词 a / an / the:

冠词一般位于所限定的名词前,用来署名名词所指的人或事物。冠词有不定冠词和定冠词两种。不定冠词有两个形式,即a和an。a用在以辅音音素开头的词前,如a book; an用在以元音音素开头的字母前,如an apple.

a或an与可数名词单数连用,泛指某类人或某物中的一个。

This is a cat.

这是一只猫。

It's an English book.

这是一本英语书。

His father is a worker.

他的爸爸是个工人。

the既可以用在可数名词前,也可以用在不可数名词前,表示某个或某些特定的人或事物,也可以指上文提到过的人或事物。

Who's the boy in the hat?

戴帽子的男孩是谁呀?

------ What can you see in the classroom?

------ I can see a bag.

------ Where's the bag?

------ It's on the desk.

------- 你能在教室里看到什么呀?

------ 我能看见一个书包。

------ 书包在哪呀?

------ 在桌子上。

3.some和any

①在肯定句中用some.例如:

There are some books on the desk.桌子上有一些书。

Lucy has some good books露西有一些好书。

②在疑问句和否定句中用any。例如:

Is there any ink in your pen?你的钢笔里有墨水吗?

Do you have any brothers and sisters?你有兄弟姐妹吗?

There isn't any water in the glass.杯子里没有水。

⑵记住它们的特殊用法。

①some亦可用于表示盼望得到对方肯定的答复或表示建议、委婉请求的疑问句中,这一点我们不久就会学到。例如:

Would you like to have some apples?你想吃苹果吗?

②any也可用于肯定句中,表示"任何的"。例如:

Any one of us can do this.我们当中任何一个都能做这个。

some 和any的用法是经常出现的考点,希望大家能准确地掌握它们的用法。

4.family

family看作为一个整体时,意思是"家庭",后面的谓语动词be用单数形式 is ;如把family看作为家庭成员时,应理解为复数,后面的谓语动词be应用are。

My family is a big family. 我的家庭是个大家庭。

My family are all at home now. 我的家人现在都在家。

Family强调由家人组成的一个集体或强调这个集体中的成员。home指个人出生、被抚养长大的环境和居住地点。 house指"家"、"房屋",侧重居住的建筑本身。

His family are all workers. 他的家人都是工人。

My home is in Beijing. 我的家在北京。

He isn't at home now. 他现在不在家。

It's a picture of my family. 这是一张我全家的照片。

5. little的用法

a little dog 一只小狗,a little boy 一个小男孩。little常用来修饰有生命的名词。

*但little还可表示否定意义,意为"少的",加不可数名词。

There is little time. 几乎没时间了。

There is little water in the cup. 杯中水很少。

⑵ 词组

on the desk 在桌子上

behind the chair 在椅子后

under the chair 在椅子下面

in her pencil-box 在她的铅笔盒中

near the door 在门附近

a picture of a classroom 一个教室的图片

look at the picture 看这张图片

the teacher's desk 讲桌

a map of China 一张中国地图

family tree 家谱

have a seat 坐下,就坐

this way 这边走

二. 日常用语

1. Come and meet my family.

2. Go and see. I think it's Li Lei.

3. Glad to meet you.

4. What can you see in the picture?

I can see a clock / some books.

5. Can you see an orange?

Yes, I can. / No, I can't.

6. Where's Shenzhen?

It's near Hong Kong.

7. Let me see.(口语)让我想想看。

see 在这是"明白、懂了",不可译作"看见"。例如:

8. Please have a seat.

seat表示"座位",是个名词。have a seat表示"就坐",也可以说take a seat, 和sit down的意思相同。

三. 语法

1. 名词所有格

名词如要表示与后面名词的所有关系,通常用名词所有格的形式,意为"……的"。一般有以下几种形式:

(1). 一般情况下在词尾加"'s"。例如:

Kate's father Kate的爸爸

my mother's friend 我妈妈的朋友

(2). 如果复数名词以s结尾,只加"'"。例如:

Teachers' Day 教师节

The boys' game 男孩们的游戏

(3). 如果复数名词不以s结尾,仍加"'s"。例如:

Children's Day 儿童节

Women's Day 妇女节

(4). 表示两个或几个共有时,所有格应加在后一个名词上。例如:

Lucy and Lily's room Lucy 和Lily的房间

Kate and Jim's father Kate 和Jim的爸爸

动物和无生命事物的名词的所有格一般不在词尾加"'s",而常常用介词of的短语来表示。

a map of China 一幅中国地图

the name of her cat 她的猫的名字

a picture of my family 我的家庭的一张照片

the door of the bedroom 卧室的门

2. 祈使句

祈使句主要用来表示说话人的请求、命令、建议、叮嘱等意图。祈使句一般不用主语,读时用降调。为使语气委婉、礼貌,常在句首或句尾加please 。在句尾时,please前多用逗号。

(1). 祈使句肯定形式的谓语动词一律用动词原形。

Go and see. 去看看。

Come in, please. 请进。

(2). 祈使句的否定形式常用don't于句首。

Don't look at your books. 不要看书。

Don't play on the road. 不要在马路上玩。

3. There be 的句子结构

There be是一个"存在"句型,表示"有"的意思,

肯定句的形式为:There be + 名词(单数或复数)+地点状语或时间状语。

be动词单复数的确定,看be后边第一个名词,当所接主语为单数或不可数名词时,be动词形式为is;当所接主语为复数名词时,be动词为are;当be动词后接两个以上主语时,be动词与最临近主语保持数上的一致。意思为"某地有某人或某物"。如:

There is an eraser and two pens on the desk. 桌子上有一块橡皮和两支钢笔。

There are two pens and an eraser on the desk. 桌上有两支钢笔和一块橡皮。

(1)there be的否定句,即在be的后面加上not。

否定形式为:There be + not + (any) + 名词+地点状语。

There is not any cat in the room. 房间里没猫。

There aren't any books on the desk. 桌子上没书。

(2)there be句型的疑问句就是将be提到句首:Be there + (any) +名词+地点状语?肯定回答:Yes, there is / are. 否定回答:No, there isn't / aren't.

---Is there a dog in the picture? 画上有一只狗吗?

---Yes, there is. 有。

---Are there any boats in the river? 河里有船吗?

---No, there aren't. 没有。

(3)特殊疑问句:How many . . . are there (+地点状语)?"某地有多少人或物?"回答用There be . . .

There's one. / There are two / three / some . . .

有时直接就用数字来回答。One. / Two . . .

---How many students are there in the classroom? 教室里有多少学生?

---There's only one. / There are nine. 只有一个。/有九个。

(4)如果名词是不可数名词,用:How much + 不可数名词 + is there + 地点状语?

How much water is there in the cup? 杯中有多少水?

How much food is there in the bowl? 碗里有多少食物?

求初一的英语课堂笔记,急!

1. 名词

名词可以分为专有名词(Proper Nouns)和普通名词 (Common Nouns),专有名词是某个(些)人,地方,机构等专有的名称,如Beijing,China等。普通名词是一类人或东西或是一个抽象概念的名词,如:book,sadness等。普通名词又可分为下面四类:

1)个体名词(Individual Nouns):表示某类人或东西中的个体,如:gun。

2)集体名词(Collective Nouns):表示若干个个体组成的集合体,如:family。

3)物质名词(Material Nouns):表示无法分为个体的实物,如:air。

4)抽象名词(Abstract Nouns):表示动作、状态、品质、感情等抽象概念,如:work。

个体名词和集体名词可以用数目来计算,称为可数名词(Countable Nouns),物质名词和抽象名词一般无法用数目计算,称为不可数名词(Uncountable Nouns)。归纳一下,名词的分类可以下图表示:

_______________________________________

| |专有名词 | |

| 名 | | 个体名词 | |

| | | | 可数名词 |

| | | 集体名词 | |

| |普通名词 | | |

| 词 | | 物质名词 | |

| | | | 不可数名词|

| | | 抽象名词 | |

一般现在时的用法

1) 经常性或习惯性的动作,常与表示频腮度的时间状语连用。

时间状语: every…, sometimes, at…, on Sunday

I leave home for school at 7 every morning.

2) 客观真理,客观存在,科学事实。

The earth moves around the sun.

Shanghai lies in the east of China.

3) 表示格言或警句中。

Pride goes before a fall. 骄者必败。

注意:此用法如果出现在宾语从句中,即使主句是过去时,从句谓语也要用一般现在时。

例:Columbus proved that the earth is round..

4) 现在时刻的状态、能力、性格、个性。

I don't want so much.

Ann Wang writes good English but does not speak well.

比较:Now I put the sugar in the cup.

I am doing my homework now.

第一句用一般现在时,用于操作演示或指导说明的示范性动作,表示言行的瞬间动作。再如:Now watch me, I switch on the current and stand back. 第二句中的now是进行时的标志,表示正在进行的动作的客观状况,所以后句用一般现在时。

名词复数的规则变化

___________________________________________________

情况 构成方法 读音 例词

__________________________________________________

一般情况 加 -s 1.清辅音后读/s/; map-maps

2.浊辅音和元音后 bag-bags

读 /z/; car-cars

___________________________________________________

以s,sh,ch,

x等结尾的词 加 -es 读 /iz/ bus-buses

watch-watches

___________________________________________________

以ce,se,ze,

(d)ge等结尾

的词 加 -s 读 /iz/ license-licenses

___________________________________________________

以辅音字母+y 变y 为i

结尾的词 再加es 读 /z/ baby---babies

___________________________________________________

人称代词的用法

1)人称代词的主格在句子中作主语或主语补语,例如:

John waited a while but eventually he went home.

约翰等了一会儿,最后他回家了。

John hoped the passenger would be Mary and indeed it was she.

约翰希望那位乘客是玛丽,还真是她。

说明:在复合句中,如果主句和从句主语相同,代词主语要用在从句中,名词主语用在主句中,例如:

When he arrived, John went straight to the bank.

约翰一到就直接去银行了。

2)人称代词的宾格在句子中作宾语或介词宾语,但在口语中也能作主语补语,第一人称在省略句中,还可以作主语,例如:

I saw her with them, at least, I thought it was her.

我看到她和他们在一起,至少我认为是她。(her做宾 语,them做介词宾语,her做主语补语)

a. -- Who broke the vase? --谁打碎了花瓶?

b. -- Me. --我。(me做主语补语= It's me.)

说明:在上面两例句中,her和me分别作主语补语。现代英语中多用宾格,在正式文体中这里应为she和I。

名词的格

在英语中有些名词可以加"'s"来表示所有关系,带这种词尾的名词形式称为该名词的所有格,如:a teacher's book。名词所有格的规则如下:

1) 单数名词词尾加"'s",复数名词词尾没有s,也要加"'s",如the boy's bag 男孩的书包,men's room 男厕所。

2) 若名词已有复数词尾-s ,只加"'",如:the workers' struggle 工人的斗争。

3) 凡不能加"'s"的名词,都可以用"名词+of +名词"的结构来表示所有关系,如:the title of the song 歌的名字。

4) 在表示店铺或教堂的名字或某人的家时,名词所有格的后面常常不出现它所修饰的名词,如:the barber's 理发店。

5) 如果两个名词并列,并且分别有's,则表示"分别有";只有一个's,则表示'共有'。

如:John's and Mary's room(两间) John and Mary's room(一间)

6) 复合名词或短语,'s 加在最后一个词的词尾。

如:a month or two's absence

七年级下册英语语法点总结(1)

Unit 1 Where’s your pen pal from?

一.短语:

1 .be from = come from 来自于----

2. live in 居住在---

3. on weekends 在周末

4 .write to sb = write a letter to sb 给某人写信;写信给某人

5 .in the world 在世界上 in China 在中国

6.pen pal 笔友 14 years old 14岁 favorite subject 最喜欢的科目

7.the United States 美国 the United Kingdom 英国 New York 纽约

8.speak English 讲英语 like and dislike 爱憎

9.go to the movies 去看电影 play sports 做运动

二.重点句式:

1 Where’s your pen pal from? = Where does your pen pal from/

2 Where does he live?

3 What language(s) does he speak?

4 I want a pen pal in China.

5 I can speak English and a little French.

6 Please write and tell me about yourself.

7 Can you write to me soon?

8 I like going to the movies with my friends and playing sports.

三.本单元的国家,人民、语言对应。

1 Canada---- Canadian---- English / French

2 France------ French------French

3 Japan------Japanese----Japanese

4 Australia----Australian----- English

5 the United States------ American---- English

6 the United Kingdom---British----- Enghish

Unit 2 Where’s the post office?

一. Asking ways: (问路)

1. Where is (the nearest) ……? (最近的)……在哪里?

2. Can you tell me the way to ……? 你能告诉我去……的路吗?

3. How can I get to ……? 我怎样到达……呢?

4. Is there …… near here / in the neighborhood? 附近有……吗?

5. Which is the way to ……? 哪条是去……的路?

二.Showing the ways: (指路)

1. Go straight down / along this street. 沿着这条街一直走。

2. Turn left at the second turning. 在第二个路口向左转。

3. You will find it on your right. 你会在你右手边发现它。

4. It is about one hundred metres from here. 离这里大约一百米远。

5. You’d better take a bus. 你最好坐公交车去。(You’d better+动词原形)

三.词组

1. across from …… 在……的对面 across from the bank 在银行的对面

2. next to…… 紧靠…… next to the supermarket 紧靠超市

3. between……and…… 在……和……之间

between the park and the zoo 在公园和动物园之间

among 表示位于三者或三者以上之间

4. in front of…… 在……前面 There is a tree in front of the classroom.

课室前面有棵树。

in the front of…… 在……(内)的前部 There is a desk in the front of the classroom.

课室内的前部有张桌子。

5. behind…… 在……后面 behind my house 在我家后面

6. turn left/ right 向左/右拐

on the left/right of…… 在某物的左/右边 on the left of our school 在我们学校的左边

on one’s left/right 在某人的左/右边 on my left 在我左边

7. go straight 一直走

8. down /along…… 沿着……(街道) down/along Center Street 沿着中央街

9. in the neighborhood=near here 在附近

10 welcome to…… 欢迎来到……

11. take /have a walk 散步

12. the beginning of…… ……的开始,前端

at the beginning of…… 在……的开始,前端

in the beginning 起初,一开始

13. have fun=have a good time=enjoy oneself 玩得开心,过得愉快

我昨天玩得很开心。 I had fun yesterday.

I had a good time yesterday.

I enjoyed myself yesterday.

14. have a good trip 旅途愉快

15. take a taxi 坐出租车

16. 到达:get to +地方 get here/ there/ home 到这/那/家

arrive in +大地方 I arrive in Beijing.

arrive at +小地方 I arrive at the bank.

reach +地方

17.go across 从物体表面横过 go across the street 横过马路

go through 从空间穿过 go through the forest 穿过树林

18.on + 街道的名称。 Eg: on Center Street

at + 具体门牌号+街道的名称 Eg: at 6 Center Street

三.重难点解析

1.enjoy doing sth 享受做某事的乐趣,喜爱做某事

I enjoy reading. 我喜爱读书。

到目前为止,我们学了两个特殊的动词finish和enjoy,都是要带 doing.

I finish cleaning the room. 我扫完了这间屋子。

2.hope to do sth 希望做某事 I hope to pass this exam. 我希望通过这次考试。

hope +从句 I hope tomorrow will be fine. 我希望明天将会晴朗。

(从句即是一个小句子,这个小句子又放在大句子中,从属于大句子,所以叫从句。如tomorrow will be fine是一个从句,它又放在I hope 的后面,形成句中有句。)

3. if 引导一个表示假设的句子。

If I have much money, I will go to the moon. 如果我有许多钱,我就会去月球。

If you are hungry, you can buy some food in the supermarket.

如果你饿了的话,你可以在超市买一些食物。

四.本单元的反义词、近义词配对

1new—old 2 quiet--- busy 3 dirty--- clean 4 big---- small

Unit 3 Why do you like koala bears?

一.重点词组

eat grass eat leaves be quiet very shy very smart very cute

play with her friends kind of South Africa other animals

at night in the day every day during the day

二. 交际用语

1. Why do you like pandas? Because they’re very clever.

2. Why does he like koalas? Because they’re kind of interesting.

3. Where are lions from? They are from South Africa.

4. What other animals do you like?

I like dogs, too.

Why?

Because they’re friendly and clever.

5. Molly likes to play with her friends and eat grass.

6. She’s very shy.

7. He is from Australia.

8.He sleeps during the day, but at night he gets up and eats leaves.

9.He usually sleeps and relaxes 20 hours every day.

10.Let’s see the pandas first.

11.They’re kind of interesting.

12.What other animals do you like?

13.Why do you want to see the lions?

三. 重点难点释义

1、kind of 有点,稍微

Koala bears are kind of shy. 考拉有点害羞。

kind 还有“种类”的意思

如:各种各样的 all kinds of

We have all kinds of beautiful flowers in our school.

2、China n. 中国 Africa n. 非洲

China 和Africa都是专有名词,首字母都应该大写,而且和介词in连用。

There are many kinds of tigers in China.

There are many kinds of scary animals in Africa.

3、friendly adj. 友好的,和蔼可亲的

它是名词friend的形容词形式,常常和be动词连用, be friendly。

The people in Chengdu are very friendly.

4、with prep. 跟,同,和…在一起

I usually play chess with my father.

注意区别与and的用法,and通常用于连接主语或宾语,连接主语时,

如果有I, I通常放在 and 之后,如:

My father and I usually play chess together.

Play with “和…一起玩耍”“玩…”

I often play with my pet dog.

Don’t play with water!

5、day和night 是一对反义词,day 表示白天或一天,night表示夜或夜晚。

通常说in the day, during the day, at night。

Koala bears often sleep during the day and eat leaves at night.

6、leaf n. 叶子

复数形式为:leaves, 类似的变化还有:wife—wives, wolf—wolves,

knife—knives等。

7、hour n. 小时;点钟

hour前边通常加上冠词an 表示“一个小时”, 即:an hour。

There are 24 hours in a day and 60minutes in an hour.

8、be from 来自…

be from = come from

Pandas are from China. = Pandas come form China.

9、meat n. (食用的)肉,为不可数名词,表示“许多”时,使用much来修

饰,即:much meat

He eats much meat every day.

10、grass n. 草,为不可数名词,表示“许多”时,使用much来修饰,即:much grass。

There is much grass on the playground.

四. 语法知识

特殊疑问句通常以“what”、“who”、“which”、“when”、“where”、“how”、“how old”、“how many”等开头,对某一具体问题进行提问。

特殊疑问句的基本构成有两种情况:

1. 疑问句+一般疑问句结构。这是最常见的情况。例如:

What’s your grandfather’s telephone number? 你爷爷的电话号码是多少?

Who is that boy with big eyes? 那个大眼睛的男孩是谁?

Which season do you like best? 你最喜欢哪个季节?

When is he going to play the piano? 他什么时候弹钢琴?

Where does he live? 他住在哪儿?

How are you? 你好吗?

How old are you? 你多大了?

How many brothers and sisters do you have? 你有几个兄弟姐妹?

2. 疑问句+陈述句结构。这时疑问词作主语或修饰主语。例如:

Who is on duty today?

今天谁值日?

Which man is your teacher?

哪位男士是你的老师?

我们学过的What/How about+名词/代词+其他?也是特殊疑问句,它是一种省略结构。

例如:

I like English. What/How about you? 我喜欢英语。你呢?

What about playing basketball? 打篮球怎么样?

Unit 4 I want to be an actor.

一.短语:

1 want to do sth 想要作某事

2 give sb sth = give sth to sb 给某人某物 / 把某物给某人

3 help sb do sth 帮助某人作某事 Eg: I want to help my mother do some housework at home.

4 help sb with sth 帮助某人谋事 Eg: I want to help my mother with some housework at home

5 in the day 在白天

6 at night 在晚上

7 talk with/ to sb 和----谈话

8 be busy doing sth 忙于做某事 Eg: He is busy listening to the teacher.

9 in a hospital 在医院l

10 work/ study hard 努力工作

11 Evening Newspaper 晚报

二.重点句式及注意事项:

1 询问职业的特殊疑问词是what;有三种主要句式

① What + is / are + sb?

② What + does/ do + sb + do?

③ What + is/ are + 名词所有格/ 形容词性物主代词 + job?

2 People give me their money or get their money from me.

3 Sometimes I work in the day and sometimes at night.

4 I like talking to people.

5 I work late. I’m very busy when people go out to dinners.

6 Where does your sister work?

7 then we have a job for you as a waiter.

8 Do you want to work for a magazine? Then come and work for us as a reporter.

9 Do you like to work evenings and weekends?

10 We are an international school for children of 5-12.

三. 本单元中的名词复数。

1 policeman--- policemen 2 woman doctor----- women doctors 3 thief-----thieves

求初一上册的英语重点笔记重点句型?

初一上册是入门基础务必要弄懂,而且初一上册很简单,重点句型不多,比如特殊疑问句,一般疑问句,选择疑问句等。

在一般现在时中,当主语是第三人称单数时,谓语动词要用第三人称单数形式,即常在动词原形后加-s或-es:

He likes watching TV. 他喜欢看电视。

She has lunch at twelve. 她十二点吃午餐。

It looks like a cat. 它看起来像只猫

单个人名、地名或称呼作主语;是第三人称单数。如:

Han Mei looks like her mother. 韩梅看起来像她的母亲

单数可数名词或"this / that / the+单数可数名词"作主语时,是第三人称单数。如:

①A horse is a useful animal. 马是有用的动物。

②This book is yours. 这本书是你的。

③That car is red. 那辆小汽车是红色的。

④The cat is Lucy's. 这只猫是露茜的。

初一上英语课堂笔记

其实不用课堂笔记的、

你只要去翻课本后面、可以问一下老师

后面有注释、每课的句型和重点短语、和老师上课讲的差不多

TAG: 上册