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summary写作步骤和模板 英文写作中的summary应该怎么写?有范文可以参考吗?

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summary写作步骤和模板 英文写作中的summary应该怎么写?有范文可以参考吗?

summary写作步骤

摘要(summary)是一种对原始文献(或文章)的基本内容进行浓缩的语义连贯的短文。它以迅速掌握原文内容梗概为目的,不加主观评论和解释,但必须简明、确切地表述原文的重要内容。

摘要写作(summary writing)是一种控制性的作文形式,它能使学生通过阅读原文,吸收原文的文章结构与语言方面的长处,写出内容一致、结构近似、语言简洁的短文。另外,对培养学生善于抓住文章重点的能力也有很大帮助,有利于他们在实际写作中避免面面俱到,事无巨细,一一罗列的不良倾向。这种写作既要准确理解原文,又要能综合概括;既能培养欣赏能力,又能训练书面表达能力。因此,用英文写摘要,对学习英语写作的学生来说,不失为一种切合实际的方法。下面谈谈怎么写好英文摘要。

1)细读原文。首先要仔细阅读全篇作品,然后对作品进行整体分析,掌握原文总的意思和结构,明确全文的主题(the maintheme)和各段的段落大意(the main idea)。

2)弄清要求。搞清楚是写全文概要,还是写某一部分的概要,或者就某些问题写出要点。

3)列出原文要点。分析原文的内容和结构,将内容分项扼要表述并注意在结构上的顺序。在此基础上选出与文章主题密切相关的部分。

4)草拟写作提纲并写出初稿。将挑选出的要点作为框架草拟详细的提纲,以所列的提纲为依据写出摘要的初稿。在写作时要特别注意下面几点:

(1)摘要应包括原文中的主要事实(main facts);略去不必要的细节(unnecessary details)。

(2)安排好篇幅的比例。摘要应同原文保持协调,即用较多的文字写重要内容,用较少的文字写次要内容。

(3)注意段落的连贯和句子的衔接。要用适当的转折词语贯通全文,切忌只简单地写出一些互不相干的句子。

(4)尽可能用自己的话来写,但不排斥用原文的某些词句。

(5)计算词数,看是否符合规定的词数要求。-

英文写作中的summary应该怎么写?有范文可以参考吗?

首先Summary的写作应该分为以下6步:

①分段阅读

首先,我们需要对整篇文章浏览一次,根据文中的标题、副标题等分段阅读。

②重读

主动阅读文章,并把主题句、关键句以及对写作summary有用的信息标记出来。

③概括

在明确了每个分段的中心思想之后,用一句话概括出来。注意:句中只需要关键点,不需要进行细节性的描述。

④主旨

主旨句是一篇摘要的关键点,读者可从中获知整篇文章所要表达的内容。因此,一定要写好主旨句。

⑤写summary

在写summary的时候一定要注意:在summary中需要写原作者和作品的名称,且要用现在时去写作,尽量避免使用原文内容。除此之外,摘要的写作目的在于准确表达作者的观点,所以一定不可以添加自己的观点在里边。

⑥检查并修改

在summary完成之后需要检查我们是否准确的将作者的观点表达出来了,如果没有问题的话,也还是需要从个事、语法以及标点等方面进行一次检查。

下边BayDue给大家分享一篇summary写作范文:

Why do some animals die out?

In the past two hundred years people have caused many kinds of animals to die out--to become extinct.People keep building houses and factories in fields and woods.As they spread over the land,they destroy animals'homes.If the animals can't find a place to live,they die out.Sixteen kinds of Hawaiian birds have become extinct for this reason.Other animals,such as the Florida Key deer,may soon die out because they are losing their homes.Hunters have caused some animals to become extinct,too.In the last century,hunters killed all the passenger pigeons in North America and most of the buffalos.

Today they are fast killing off hawks and wolves.Pollution is killing many animals today,too.As rivers become polluted,fish are poisoned.Many die.Birds that eat the poisoned fish can't lay strong,healthy eggs.New birds aren’t born.So far,no animals have become extinct because of pollution.But some,such as the bald eagle and the brown pelican,have become rare and may die out.

Scientists think that some animals become extinct because of changes in climate.The places where they live become hotter or cooler,drier or wetter.The food that they eat cannot grow there any more.If the animals can't learn to eat something else,they die.Dinosaurs may have died out for this reason.

Summary:

In the past two hundred years,many kinds of animals have died out.There are several reasons for it.First,people keep building houses and factories in fields and woods,which destroys animals'homes.Then,hunters'killing has also caused some animals to become extinct.Besides,some animals aren't able to bear strong offspring and nor do they have enough food to eat because of pollution and climatic changes.

summary怎么写

在写好一份summary的时候,先分析自己每个句子的意思,然后把意思相近或者可以用一个连接词连接起来的两个句子,用清晰的逻辑关系结合成一个言简意赅的句子,剩下的以此类推,重要的是要抓住意思主旨,不能跑题了.最后,变成已经不能再把任意两个句子结合为一个的情况时,summary就差不多了.

请问英语的summary部分有什么写作技巧?

Summary的写作技巧

一、概括原文

(一)阅读

1.读懂文章

读文章的时候,要养成良好的阅读习惯,划划写写,英文阅读的时候,用铅笔轻轻划出重点词汇。

认真阅读给定的原文材料。如果一遍不能理解,就多读两遍。阅读次数越多,你对原文的理解就越深刻。

2.拆分文章

按照作者的思路,把文章分段,每个段落用几个词,几个短语概括。尽量简短,精炼。 段落中心句,在段落的开头或末尾。有时也会变态的在当中。 3.概括主旨

写出文章的thesis, 一句话概括文章的主旨。

(二)基本结构和技巧

1.重新拟定标题

给summary起一个标题。用那些能概括文章主题思想的单词、短语或短句子作为标题。也可以采用文中的主题句作为标题。 2.阐述观点

摘要应全部用自己的话完成。不要引用原文的句子。写概述的时候,如果能够明确是他人写作的文章,注意要把作者的名字放在第一句(或者是the author„„.)。接着写出要阐述的main ideas(主要观点)和supporting points(对主要观点的支持)。

3.词汇运用

注意概述的coherence(连贯性),运用好transition words(过渡词), like however, furthermore, nonetheless, besides, therefore etc.

4.删除细节

这里有剩下的部分和常见句型

参见链接:https://wenku.baidu.com/view/7412e97f71fe910ef02df87d.html

summary怎么写

summary about trees

trees are important to our life. trees provide oxygen to us. as we all know during photosythesis, carbon dioxide is taken in while oxygen is given off b the trees. so trees are very important as they replanish the air.trees are also natural resources, we uesed trees to make paper and furniture, we eat the fruits which bear from the tree. besides all these, trees also help to save our environment. the roots of the trees can hold the soil firmly which helps to reduce the chances of surface run-off, soil erosion and even land slide. less sol particles will be washed into the river by rain, thus there will be less water pollution and floods.

leaves are natural fertilizer. when the leaves fall onto the ground. they will decay gradually. the decomposed leaves are source of nutrients which can fertile the soil.

in conclusion, trees are useful in many ways, and they are very important to us.

TAG: 步骤