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代词是什么 谓语是什么意思

WALTER

代词是什么 谓语是什么意思

代词是什么

可以用来代替名词的词,就叫代词

一般分为 人称代词和物主代词

例如:我是中国人。这句话中的我就是人称代词

这是我的书。句中的我的 就是 物主代词

代词 既可以作主语,表语也可是宾语。

代词是什么

一.概念:

代词是代替名词的词, 按其意义、特征及其在句中的作用分为:人称代词、物主代词、指示代词、反身代词、相互代词、疑问代词、不定代词和关系代词等。

二.相关知识点精讲

1.人称代词

1)人称代词的人称、数和格,如下表所示。

2)人称代词有主格和宾格之分。通常主格作主语,宾格作宾语。如:

I like table tennis. (作主语)

Do you knowhim?(作宾语)

3)人称代词还可作表语。作表语时用宾格。如:

---Whos is knocking at the door?

---It’s me.

4)人称代词在than之后与其他人或事物进行比较时,用主格和宾格都可以。如:

He is older than me.

He is older thanI am.

2. 物主代词

1)表示所有关系的代词叫物主代词。物主代词分形容词性物主代词和名词性

物主代词,如下表所示。

2)形容词性物主代词的作用相当于形容词,可在句中作定语。例如:

Our teacher is coming to see us.

This is her pencil-box.

3)名词性物主代词的作用相当于名词,在句中可用作主语、宾语和表语。

Our school is here, and theirs is there.(作主语)

--- Is this English-book yours? (作表语)

--- No. Mine is in my bag.

I've already finished my homework. Have you finished yours? (作宾语)

3. 指示代词

指示代词包括:this,that,these,those。

1) this和these一般用来指在时间或空间上较近的事物或人,that和those

则指时间和空间上较远的事物或人,例如:

This is a pen andthat is a pencil.

We are busy these days.

Inthose days the workers had a hard time.

2)有时that和those指前面讲到过的事物,this 和these则是指下面将要讲

到的事物,例如:

I had a cold. That's why I didn't come.

What I want to say is this ; pronunciation is very important in learning English.

3)有时为了避免重复提到的名词,常可用that或those代替,例如:

Television sets made in Beijing are just as good as those made in Shanghai.

4)this 在电话用语中代表自己,that 则代表对方。例如:

Hello! This is Mary. Is that Jack speaking?

4. 反身代词

英语中用来表示"我自己","你自己","他自己","我们自己","你们自己"

等意义的代词称为反身代词,也有人称之为自身代名词,其形式如表所示。

反身代词可以在句中作宾语,表语,同位语。

1)作宾语,表示动作的承受者就是动作的发出者,主语和宾语指同一个人

或一些人。

He called himself a writer.

Would you please express yourself in English?

2)作表语。

It doesn't matter.I'll be myself soon.

The girl in the news is myself.

3)作主语或宾语的同位语,表示亲自或本人。

I myself washed the clothes.(=I washed the clothes myself.)(作主语同位语)

You should ask the teacher himself.(作宾语同位语)

英语的代词有哪些?

代词是代替名词的一种词类。大多数代词具有名词和形容词的功能。英语中的代词,按其意义、特征及在句中的作用分为:人称代词、物主代词、指示代词、自身代词、相互代词、疑问代词、关系代词和不定代词八种。 一、人称代词是表示"我"、"你"、"他"、"她"、"它"、

"我们"、"你们"、"他们"的词。人称代词有人称、数和格的变化,见下表:

数 单数 复数

格 主格 宾格 主格 宾格

第一人称 I me we us

第二人称 you you you you

he him they them

第三人称 she her they them

it it they them

如:Heismyfriend. 他是我的朋友。

It’sme. 是我。

二、物主代词表示所有关系的代词,也可叫做代词所有格。物主代词分形容性物主代词和名词性物主代词二种,其人物和数的变化见下表。

数 单数 复数

人称 第一 第二 第三 第一 第二 第三

人称人称 人称 人称 人称 人称

形容词性 my your his/her itsouryour/their

物主代词

名词性 mineyourshis/hersitsoursyours/theirs

物主代词

如:Ilikehiscar.

我喜欢他的小汽车。

Ourschoolishere,andtheirsisthere.

我们的学校在这儿,他们的在那儿。

三、指示代词表示"那个"、"这个"、"这些"、"那些"等指示概念的代词。指示代词有this,that,these,those等。

如:Thatisagoodidea. 那是个好主意。

四、表示"我自己"、"你自己"、"他自己"、"我们自己"、"你们自己"和"他们自己"等的代词,叫做自身代词,也称为"反身代词"。

如:Shewastalkingtoherself. 她自言自语。

五、表示相互关系的代词叫相互代词,有eachother和oneanother两组,但在运用中,这两组词没什么区别。

如:Theyloveeachother. 他们彼此相爱。

六、不是指明代替任何特定名词的代词叫做不定代词。常见的不定代词有a11,both,each,every等,以及含有some-,any-,no-等的合成代词,如anybody,something,noone。这些不定代词大都可以代替名词和形容词,在句中作主语、宾语、表语和定语, 但none和由some,any,no等构成的复合不定代词只能作主语、宾语或表语;every和no只能作定语。如:

---Doyouhaveacar? --你有一辆小汽车吗?

---Yes,Ihaveone. --是的,我有一辆。

---Idon’tknowanyofthem. 他们,我一个也不认识。

七、疑问代词有who,whom,whose,what和which等。在句子中用来构成特殊疑问句。疑问代词都可用作连接代词,引导名词性从句(主语从句、宾语从句和表语从句)

如:Tellmewhoheis. 告诉我他是谁。

八、关系代词有who,whom,whose,that,which,as等,可用作引导从句的关联词。它们在定语从句中可作主语、表语、宾语、定语等;另一方面它们又代表主句中为定语从句所修饰的那个名词或代词(通称为先行词)。

如:Heisthemanwhomyouhavebeenlookingfor. 他就是你要找的那个人.

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代词的用法

几类代词的相应形式:

人称代词

物主代词

反身代词

主格

宾格

形容词性

名词性

单数

I

I 我

me我

my我的

mine我的

myself我自己

II

you

you

your

your

yourself

III

he

him

his

his

himself

she

her

her

hers

herself

it

it

its

its

itself

复数

I

we

us

our

ours

ourselves

II

you

you

your

yours

Yourselves

III

they

them

their

theirs

themselves

人称代词的用法:1,主格作主语或表语:

She and Tom are good friends.

It's she who wants it.

2. 宾格作及物动词和介词的宾语,还可作表语.

Aunt Li took care of us.

Who is knocking at the door It's me.

物主代词的用法:

形容词性物主代词只能做定语,修饰名词,相当于形容词.

My mother is a nurse in a hospital.

Their teacher is coming here.

名词性物主代词可以做主语,宾语和表语,相当于名词.

This is my pen, yours is lost.(yours=your pen)

The best composition is hers. (hers= her composition)

I can't find my ruler, I have to use hers. (hers = her ruler)

反身代词的用法:

反身代词表示主语发生的动作落在主语自己身上,或用来加强名词或代词的语气.

作主语:I hope he didn't hurt herself. She taught herself English.

同位语: You yourself said so. You can do it yourself.

常与以下动词连用:

hurt, dress, enjoy, say to, talk to, teach, wash, help

还可以与介词连用:by oneself [自己(不需要别人帮忙)] for oneself (替自己,为自己)

to oneself(供自己用)

不定代词及用法:

(一)可分为普 通不定代词,个体不定代词和数量不定代词:

通不定代词:some, any, no, somebody, nobody, anybody, someone, anyone, no one, something, anything, nothing, one

个体不定代词:all, every, each, other, another, either, neither, both, everybody, everyone, everything

数量不定代词:many, much, few, a few, little, a little, a lot of, lots of

(二) 普通不定代词的用法(部分):

some一般用于肯定句, 当预期对方作肯定回答时也用于疑问句:

Could you please give me some information about ir

还用于表示要求和提供某物的句子:

Would you like some tea

2. any 的用法: (1)用于否定句及含有否定意义词(hardly, never, no)的句子中:

I have hardly any time.

(2)用于疑问句中和条件句中: Do you see any birds in the tree

(3) some, any, no, 与 one, thing, body 构成的合成词的用法:这些代词都表示单数的概念,some, any与one, thing, body构成的合成词的区别与和的用法基本相同.

There is someone looking for you outside.

If you want anything, call me, please.

这些代词如被定语修饰, 应放在定语前,如被else修饰,也放在else前:

Is there anything new in the newspaper

I'm afraid I can't help you, you'd better ask someone else.

3. other, another 的用法:

两者均可指人,也可指物,other 意为 "另外",不确指,需要确指时前加定冠词the, the other,,意为 another"另一个":

other: (1)后跟名词(单,复),泛指 "别的,其他的"

The Great Wall is longer than any other wall in the world.

I'll go swimming with other friends tomorrow.

the other后跟名词单或数,或后不跟名词, 特指两者中的另一个:

At last we got the other side of the river.

Thirty are girls and the other students are boys in our class.

I have two pens, one is blue and the other is red.

(3) others 后不加名词,泛指另外一些别的人或事物;the others 特指其余所有的人或事物:

Some of us like playing table-tennis, and others like playing basketball.

Thirty in our class are girls, and the others are boys.

(4) 泛指三者以上的 "一些"不用加the, 用 "some…. others"的形式:

Some people like it, others not.

another:

泛指另一个,不与the连用,只能跟可数名词单数:

I don't like this one, will you please show me another

We asked him to sing us another song.

4.both, either, neither的用法:他们均用于两者之间,neither, either用做单数,both用做复数,

both:肯定句中表示"两者都",用于否定句中表示 "两者不都",即部分否定:

Both of the sisters are good at English.]

Not both of them are good at English.(One is good at English, the other isn't.)

I don't know both his brothers. (I only know one of them.)

Both,,,and,,,, 连接两个主语时谓语动词用复数:

Both my bothers and I are teachers.

(2) neither: 表示"两个都不", either表示"两个中的任何一个", neither是 either的否定形式,两者均表示单数形式,做主语时谓语动词用单数形式:

Either you or he is right.

Neither he nor you is right.

neither是both的反义词,做形容词时与单数名词连用,不用the:

Neither pen writes good.= Neither of the pens writes good.

Neither…nor…, either…or….

Eihter you or I am right.

Nether you nor I am right.=Both you and I are right.

5. (a) little, much, (a) few, many 的用法:

little "很少"表否定, a little "少许"表肯定, much= not a little:

I know little about him. 我不了解他.

I know much about him. 我对他很了解.

There is little to be done, is there

There is a little to be done, isn't there

在对不可数名词提问时要用how much:

I spent a lot of money on books. How much did you spend on books

as little as "尽可能少的" as much as " 尽可能多的" as… as…结构中不用 a little

Few 表示 "很少" 表否定含义, a few "有一些"表肯定含义, many= not a few ""许多,不少, 这三个词用于修饰可数名词:

Few of us understand our teacher.

A few of us understand our teacher.

His book has few readers, does it

His book has a few readers, doesn't it

as few as "尽可能少" as many as "和……一样多" as…as…. 结构中不用a few

英语中代词有哪些?

代词主要有以下几类:

人称代词:主格:i, we, you,you, he, she, it, they;宾格:me, us, you ,you, him,her, it, them

物主代词:形容词性:my, our,your,your,his, her, its,their;名词性:mine, ours,yours,yours,his, hers, its,theirs

反身代词:myself, ourselves, yourself,youselves, himself,herself, itself,themselves

不定代词:some, any, one, someboday, someone, something, anything, anyone, anybody ,few, little 等。

指示代词:this, these, that ,those

代词是一种能代替什么词、什么词或什么词的词

代词可代替名词、动词、形容词、数量词的词。如:你,我、他们、自己、人家、谁、怎样、多少、那里、这儿等。代词通常会显示出人称和数的区别:一般区分第一、第二和第三人称,以及单复数等。

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