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七年级下册不规则动词表人教版 英语七年级下册不规则

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七年级下册不规则动词表人教版 英语七年级下册不规则

求人教版英语新目标七下不规则动词表

不规则动词

动词原形(一般现在时) 动词过去式(一般过去时) 动词过去分词(完成时、被动语态)

1 am/is was been 【be was /were been】

2 are were been

3 beat beat beaten

4 become became become

5 begin began begun

6 blow blew blown

7 break broke broken

8 bring brought brought

9 build built built

10 buy bought bought

11 can could 无

12 catch caught caught

13 choose chose chosen

14 come came come

15 cost cost cost

16 cut cut cut

17 dig dug dug

18 do did done

19 draw drew drawn

20 drink drank drunk

21 drive drove driven

22 eat ate eaten

23 fall fell fallen

24 feel felt felt

25 find found found

26 fly flew flown

27 forget forgot forgotten

28 freeze froze frozen

29 get got got

30 give gave given

31 go went gone

动词原形 动词过去式 动词过去分词

1 grow grew grown

2 hang hung,hanged hung;hanged

3 have,has had had

4 hear heard heard

5 hide hid hidden,hid

6 hit hit hit

7 hold held held

8 hurt hurt hurt

9 keep kept kept

10 know knew known

11 lay laid laid

12 learn learnt learnt,learned

13 leave left left

14 lend lent lent

15 let let let

16 lie lay lain

17 lose lost lost

18 make made made

19 may might 无

20 mean meant meant

21 meet met met

22 mistake mistook mistaken

23 put put put

24 read read read

25 ride rode ridden

26 ring rang rung

27 rise rose risen

28 run ran rung

29 say said said

30 see saw seen

31 sell sold sold

32 send sent sent

动词原形 动词过去式 动词过去分词

1 set set set

2 shall should 无

3 shine shone shone,shined

4 show showed shown

5 shut shut shut

6 sing sang sung

7 sink sank,sunk sunk,sunken

8 sit sat sat

9 sleep slept slept

10 smell smelt,smelled smelt,smelled

11 speak spoke spoken

12 spill spilt spilt

13 spit spat spat

14 spoil spoilt spoilt

15 stand stood stood

16 steal stole stolen

17 sweep swept swept

18 swim swam swum

19 take took taken

20 teach taught taught

21 tell told told

22 think thought thought

23 throw threw thrown

24 understand understood understood

25 wake waked,woke waked,woken

26 wear wore worn

27 will would 无

28 win won won

29 write wrote written

初中英语不规则动词表及它们的读音

“[ ]”内为音标

AAA型

原型 过去式 过去分词

cost [kɔst ]cost [kɔst] cost[kɔst]花费

cut[kʌt] cut[kʌt] cut[kʌt]割,切

hurt[hə:t] hurt[hə:t] hurt[hə:t]受伤

hit[hit]hit[hit]hit[hit]打,撞

let[let]let[let]let[let]让

put[put]put[put]put[put]放下

read[ri:d]read[ri:d]read[ri:d]读

set[set]set[set]set[set]安排,安置

spread [spred] Spread[spred] Spread[spred]展开,传播,涂

spit[spit]spit/spat[spit]spit/spat[spit]吐痰,

shut[ʃʌt]shut[ʃʌt]shut[ʃʌt]关上, 闭起,停止营业

2.ABB

动词原形 过去式 过去分词

beat[bi:t] beat[bi:t] beaten['bi:tn] 打败

3.ABA

动词原形过去式过去分词

become[bi'kʌm]became

[bi'keim]become[bi'kʌm]变

come[kʌm]came[keim]come[kʌm]来

run[rʌn]ran[ræn]run[rʌn]跑

4.ABB

(1)在动词原形后加一个辅音字母d, t或ed构成过去式或过去分词。

动词原形过去式过去分词

burn[bə:n]burnt[bə:nt]burnt[bə:nt]燃烧

deal[di:l]dealt[delt]dealt[delt]解决

dream[dri:m]dreamed/dreamtdreamed/dreamt

[dremt]做梦

hear[hiə]heard[hə:d]heard[hə:d]听见

hang['hæŋ]hanged/ hung[hʌŋ]hanged/ hung绞死,悬挂

learn[lə:n]learned/learnt [lə:nt]learned/learnt [lə:nt]学习

light['lait]lit/lighted [lit]lit/lighted [lit]点燃, 照亮

mean[mi:n]meant[ment]meant[ment]意思

prove[pru:v]provedproven/proved ['pru:vən]证明, 证实,试验

shine[ʃain]shone/shinedshone/shined [ʃəun, ʃɔn]使照耀,使发光

show[ʃəu]showedshowed/shown['ʃəun]展示, 给...看

smell[smel]smelled/smelt[smelt] smelled/smelt[smelt]闻, 嗅

speed[spi:d]sped[sped]/speededsped/speeded[sped]加速

spell[spel] spelled/spelt[spelt] spelled/spelt[spelt]拼写

wake[weik]waked/woke[wəuk]waked/woken['wəukən]醒来,叫醒, 激发

(2)把动词原形的最后一个辅音字母“d”改为“t” 构成过去式或过去分词。

动词原形过去式过去分词

build[bild]built[bilt]built[bilt]建筑

lend[lend]lent[lent]lent[lent]借给

rebuild[,ri:'bild] rebuilt[,ri:'bilt] rebuilt[,ri:'bilt]改建, 重建

send[send]sent[sent]sent[sent]送

spend[spend]spent[spent]spent[spent]花费

(3)原形→ought →ought

动词原形过去式过去分词

bring[briŋ]brought[brɔ:t]brought[brɔ:t]带来

buy[bai]bought[bɔ:t]bought[bɔ:t]买

fight[fait]fought[fɔ:t]fought[fɔ:t]打架

think[θiŋk]thought[θɔ:t]thought[θɔ:t]思考,想

(4) 原形→aught →aught

动词原形过去式过去分词

catch[kætʃ]caught[kɔ:t]caught[kɔ:t]捉,抓

teach[ti:tʃ]taught[tɔ:t]taught[tɔ:t]教

(5)变其中一个元音字母

动词原形过去式过去分词

dig[diɡ]dug[dʌɡ]dug[dʌɡ]掘(土), 挖(洞、沟等)

feed[fi:d]fed[fed]fed[fed]喂

find[faind]foundfound发现,找到

get[ɡet]got[ɡɔt]got/gotten

['ɡɔtən]得到

hold[həuld]held[held]held[held]拥有,握住,支持

lead[li:d]led[led]led[led]引导, 带领, 领导

meet[mi:t]met[met]met[met]遇见

sit[sit]sat[sæt]sat[sæt]坐

shoot[ʃu:t]shot[ʃɔt]shot[ʃɔt]射击

spit[spit]spit/spat[spæt]spit/spat[spæt]吐痰,

stick[stik]stuck[stʌk]stuck[stʌk]插进, 刺入, 粘住,

win[win]won[wʌn]won[wʌn]赢

(6)原形→□lt/pt/ft→□lt/pt/ft

动词原形过去式过去分词

feel ['fi:l]felt [felt]felt [felt]感到

keep [ki:p]kept [kept]kept [kept]保持

leave[li:v]left[left]left[left]离开

sleep[sli:p]slept[slept]slept[slept]睡觉

sweep[swi:p]swept[swept]swept[swept]扫

(7)其它

动词原形过去式过去分词

lay[lei]laid[leid]laid[leid]下蛋, 放置

pay[pei]paid[peid]paid[peid]付

say[sei]said[sed]said[sed]说

stand[stænd]stood[stud]stood[stud]站

understandUnderstood

[,ʌndə'stænd]Understood

[,ʌndə'stænd]明白

lose[lu:z]lost[lɔst, lɔ:st]lost[lɔst, lɔ:st]失去

have[həv] had[hæd, həd, əd]had[hæd, həd, əd]有

make[meik]made[meid]made[meid]制造

sell[sel]sold[səuld]sold[səuld]卖

tell[tel]told[təuld] told[təuld]告诉

retell[,ri:'tel]retold[,ri:'təuld]retold[,ri:'təuld]重讲,重复,复述

5.ABC(1)原形→过去式→原形+(e)n

动词原形过去式过去分词

blow[bləu]blew[blu:]blown吹

drive[ draiv ]drove[drəuv]driven[drivən]驾驶

draw[drɔ:] drew[dru: ]drawn[drɔ:n]画画

eat[i:t]ate[et,eit]eaten['i:tən]吃

fall[fɔ:l]Fell[fel]fallen['fɔ:lən]落下

give[ɡiv]gave[ɡeiv]given['ɡivən]给

grow[ɡrəu]grew[ɡru:] grown[ɡrəun]生长

forgive[fə'ɡiv]forgot[fə'ɡɔt]forgiven原谅, 饶恕

know[nəu]knew[nju:, nu:]known知道

Mistake

[mi'steik]mistook[mi'stuk]mistooken弄错; 误解,

Overeat['əuvə'i:t]Overate[,əuvə'reit]overeaten(使)吃过量

prove[pru:v]provedproven/proved证明,证实, 试验

take[teik]took[tuk]taken['teikn, 'teikən]拿

throw[θrəu]threw[θru:]Thrown

[θrəun, 'θrəun]抛,扔

ride[raid]rode[rəud]ridden['ridən]骑

see[si:]saw[sɔ:]seen[si:n]看见

show[ʃəu]showedshowed/shown['ʃəun]展示

write[rait]wrote[rəut]written['ritən]写

(2)原形→过去式→过去式+(e)n

动词原形过去式过去分词

break[breik]broke[brəuk]Broken['brəukən]打破

choose[tʃu:z]chose[tʃəuz]Chosen['tʃəuzən]选择

get[ɡet]got[ɡɔt]got/gotten['ɡɔtən]得到

hide[haid]hid[hid]Hidden['hidən]隐藏

forget[fə'ɡet]forgot[fə'ɡɔt]Forgotten[fə'ɡɔtn]忘记

freeze[fri:z]froze[frəuz]Frozen['frəuzn]冷冻,结冰,感到严寒

speak[spi:k]spoke[spəuk]Spoken['spəukən]说

steal[sti:l]stoleStolen

['stəulən]偷

(3) 变单词在重读音节中的元音字母“i”分别为“a”(过去式)和“u”(过去分词)。

[i→a →u]

动词原形过去式过去分词

begin[bi'ɡin]began[bi'ɡæn]begun[bi'ɡʌn]开始

drink[driŋk]drank[dræŋk]drunk[drʌŋk]喝

sing[siŋ]sang[sæŋ]sung[sʌŋ]唱

sink[siŋk]sank[sæŋk]sunk[sʌŋk]下沉, 沉没

swim[swim]swam[swæm]swum[swʌm]游泳

ring[riŋ]rang[ræŋ]rung[rʌŋ]打电话

(4)其它

动词原形过去式过去分词

be(am, is, are)was/ werebeen是

bear[bεə]bore[bɔ:]born/borne[bɔ:n]负担, 忍受

do[du:, du:]did[did]done[dʌn]做

fly[flai]flew[flu:]flown[fləun]飞

go[ɡəu]went[went]gone[ɡɔn]去

lie[lai]lay[lei]lain[lein]躺

wear[wεə]wore[wɔ:]worn[wɔ:n]穿

TAG: 词表