wuhan, composed of the three towns of wuchang, hankou, and hanyang, is the capital of hubei province. the three towns, separated by the yangtze and hanshui rivers,a re linked by bridges, and because these municipalities are so closely connected by waterways, wuhan is also called the "city on rivers." being the largest inland port on the middle reaches of the yangtze river and a major stop on the beijing-guangzhou railway, wuhan is one of china‘s most important hubs of water and rail transportation and communications.
wuhan has an old history and rich cultural traditions. it began to prosper as a commercial town about two thousand years ago, when it was called yingwuzhou (parrot beach). from the first century to the beginning of the third century, the towns of hanyang and wuchang began to take shape. during the song dynasty (960-1279), the area became one of the most prosperous commercial centers along the yangtze river. by the end of the ming dynasty (1368-1644), hankou had become one of the four most famous cities in china. today, wuhan is the political, economic, and cultural center of central china. it boasts of one of china‘s leading iron and steel complexes -- the wuhan iron and steel corporation. wuhan is also a city with a strong revolutionary tradition.
this charming spot is in the wuchang district of the city. it has a vast expanse of water (thirty- three square kilometers), with winding banks and willow trees. the surrounding area is divided naturally into several scenic areas among which millstone hill (moshan) is the most attractive with flowers blooming all the year round-orchids in spring, lotus in summer, osmanthus in autumn, and plum blossoms in winter. the many beautiful buildings at the edge of the lake include land of water and cloud (shuiyunxiang) which serves as a teahouse, listening to the waves tower (tingtaoxuan), where the visitor can get a panoramic view of the lake, poetry-reciting pavilion (xingyinge), lakeside art gallery (binhuhualang), the memorial hall of qu yuan (340-278 b.c.), infinite sky tower (changtianlou) which can accommodate a thousand visitors for tea, and lu xun square. the park is dotted with lotus and fish ponds, as well as fruit trees (pear and orange) and luxuriant bamboo groves. the nineteen- meter-high lake view pavilion (huguangge) stands on an island in the lake and is a fine vantage point from where to view the entire area. gulls and swan geese which gather at east lak ein winter are another attraction to visitors here.
this four-hundred-year-old buddhist temple stands in a wooded area of the hanyang district. the picturesque compound of the temple includes a huge hall that houses five hundred skillfully scrlptured arhat statues, each different from the other in bodily posture and facial expression -- sitting, sleeping, laughing, angry. the temple also boasts of a rich collection of stone carvings, paintings, and buddhist scriptures.
tortoise hill (guishan)
guishan, which looks like a huge tortoise, is in the north of hanyang across the yangtze river from snake hill. with the hanshui river also flowing by in the north, the hill was a strategic point in ancient wars. it is said that when king yu in primitive age came here to tame the river, he was confronted by a water demon whom he fought for several years without success. finally, a tortoise from heaven arrived and defeated the demon, which turned into snake hill are many temples, pavilions, and terraces built over the dynasties, including king yu‘s rock by the side of the river, king yu‘s temple, the carvings on cliffs, and the ancient music terrace (guqintai).
snake hill (sheshan)
sheshan has the shape of an immense snake with its head drinking from the yangtze river and its tail cutting into the eastern part of the city. this hill used to be an important military fortress together with tortoise hill on the opposite bank of the yangtze river. the best-known site on the hill is perhaps the yellow crane tower (huanghelou), which is associated with an old legend about a taoist priest flying to heaven on the back of a yellow crane. remaining historical buildings include the shenxiang pagoda, yue fei memorial pavilion, baobing hall, the taoist evergreen temple, and yongyue terrace, and there are many important stone carvings as well.
wuhan yangtze river bridge
completed in 1957, this engineering marvel is 1,670 meters long and has one level for automobiles and another for trains. the construction of this bridge provided direct rail service between north and south china for the first time.
A Beautiful City Wuhan
Located in the middle of China ,Wuhan is a good place for tourists.It is a pleasant city with beautiful lakes,many parks and modern malls which are worth visiting.They all are waiting for you.Hubei province is called“A province with thousands of lakes”.The East Lake in Wuhan, much bigger than the West Lake in Hangzhou is as beautiful as the West Lake. The best way to experience the East Lake is to take a boat tour. It must be memorable.
Walking along the Chang jiang River is perfect . While walking on the bridge, you can get a view of three parts of Wuhan .It is really a feast for the eyes.Hankou is Wuhan’s commercial heart.There are many modern skysckyscrapers there. It’s a shopper’s paradise. The famous business street is called Jianghan Road.Yon can enjoy the local special food and explore the lively nightlife.
Despite its size and modern look, Wuhan has still kept its old traditions and culture. Yellow Grane Tower has a long history.Many poets wrote pretty poems for it. Some temples,such as Guiyuan Temple,represent archaic religion.If you are interested in history, Hubei Museum is a good choice.You can learn about the art ,history and culture of city.
There is no such thing as a bad time to go to Wuhan.Each season has its characteristic. Whenever you come, there are plenty of activities to choose from.Wuhan is a friendly destination that welcomes tourists of all ages. A trip to Wuhan will give you a glimpse of the happy lifestyle of the people of Wuhan---who are known for their big hearts and friendliness.You are sure to have a good time in Wuhan.
Wuhan, composed of the three towns of Wuchang, Hankou, and Hanyang, is the capital of Hubei Province. The three towns, separated by the Yangtze and Hanshui rivers,a re linked by bridges, and because these municipalities are so closely connected by waterways, Wuhan is also called the "city on rivers." Being the largest inland port on the middle reaches of the Yangtze River and a major stop on the Beijing-Guangzhou Railway, Wuhan is one of China‘s most important hubs of water and rail transportation and communications.
Wuhan has an old history and rich cultural traditions. It began to prosper as a commercial town about two thousand years ago, when it was called Yingwuzhou (Parrot beach). From the first century to the beginning of the third century, the towns of Hanyang and Wuchang began to take shape. During the Song Dynasty (960-1279), the area became one of the most prosperous commercial centers along the Yangtze River. By the end of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), Hankou had become one of the four most famous cities in China. Today, Wuhan is the political, economic, and cultural center of Central China. It boasts of one of China‘s leading iron and steel complexes -- the Wuhan Iron and Steel Corporation. Wuhan is also a city with a strong revolutionary tradition.
武汉有悠久历史和丰富的文化传统。它开始作为一个繁荣的商业城约二千年前，当它被称为Yingwuzhou （鹦鹉海滩） 。武汉最开始由汉阳和武昌区组成。在宋代（ 960-1279 ） ，成为该地区最繁荣的商业中心，沿长江。到了明代（ 1368年至1644年） ，汉口已成为中国4大城市之一。今天，武汉是中国政治，经济，文化中心。武汉拥有全国优秀钢铁企业-武汉钢铁公司。武汉也是一个革命传统的城市。
Wuhan (simplified Chinese: 武汉; traditional Chinese: 武汉; pinyin: Wǔhàn; Mandarin pronunciation: [wu˧˩xan˥˩] [Listen] (help•info)) is the capital of Hubei province, People's Republic of China, and is the most populous city in central China. It lies at the east of Jianghan Plain, and the intersection of the middle reaches of the Yangtze and Han River. Arising out of the conglomeration of three boroughs, Wuchang, Hankou, and Hanyang, Wuhan is known as "the nine provinces' leading thoroughfare"; it is a major transportation hub, with dozens of railways, roads and expressways passing through the city. The city of Wuhan, first termed as such in 1927, has a population of approximately 9,100,000 people (2006), with about 6,100,000 residents in its urban area. In the 1920s, Wuhan was the capital of a leftist Kuomintang (KMT) government led by Wang Jingwei in opposition to Chiang Kai-shek, now Wuhan is recognized as the political, economic, financial, cultural, educational and transportation center of central China.
The area was first settled more than 3,000 years ago. During the Han Dynasty, Hanyang became a fairly busy port. In the 3rd century AD one of the most famous battles in Chinese history and a central event in the Romance of the Three Kingdoms—the Battle of Red Cliffs—took place in the vicinity of the cliffs near Wuhan. Around that time, walls were built to protect Hanyang (AD 206) and Wuchang (AD 223). The latter event marks the foundation of Wuhan. In AD 223, the Yellow Crane Tower (黄鹤楼) was constructed on the Wuchang side of the Yangtze River. Cui Hao, a celebrated poet of Tang Dynasty, visited the building in the early 8th century; his poem made the building the most celebrated building in southern China. The city has long been renowned as a center for the arts (especially poetry) and for intellectual studies. Under the Mongol rulers (Yuan Dynasty), Wuchang was promoted to the status of provincial capital. By approximately 300 years ago, Hankou had become one of the country's top four trading towns.
Wuhan:A River City
Located in central China , Wuhan , the capital of Hubei Province , serves as the political, economic and cultural center of the province. The Yangtze, World's third longest river and its largest tributary Hanshui meet in Wuhan and cut the city into three parts of Hankou, Hanyang and Wuchang, namely, Three towns of Wuhan . As a line by Li Bai, a great poet in Tang Dynasty goes, “In the Yellow Crane Tower the jade flute is being played while in the River City of Wuhan plum blossoms are dropping in May.” This biggest metropolis in hinterland China was hence reputed as a River City . With an area of 8494 k ㎡ and a population of 8.58 million, Wuhan administers 13 districts and 3 state – level development zones (Wuhan Economic & Technological Development Zone, East Lake Hi-tech Development Zone and Wujiashan Taiwan-investment Area).
As a typical garden city featuring mountains and waters, Wuhan is home to hundreds of hills and nearly 200 lakes of various sizes. With a water area making up 25.8% of its entire territory, Wuhan is ranked the first among major Chinese cities in water resources. East Lake, China's biggest downtown lake, covers an area of 33 k ㎡
武汉位于中国中部，是湖北省省会和政治、经济及文化中心。世界第三大河长江及其最大的支流汉水在此相汇，市区由隔江鼎立的武昌、汉口、汉阳三部分组成，通称武汉三镇。唐代大诗人李白的一句“黄鹤楼中吹玉笛，江城五月落梅花”，使这座中国腹地的特大中心城市自古有着“江城”的美誉。全市现辖 13 个区、 3 个国家级开发区（武汉经济技术开发区、东湖新技术开发区、吴家山台商投资区），总面积 8494 平方公里，常住人口 858 万人。
武汉是一座典型的山水园林城市。上百座大小山峦遍布三镇，近两百个湖泊座落其间，水域面积占到全市国土面积的四分之一，居全国大城市之首。其中东湖水域面积 33 平方公里，是中国最大的城中湖。