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初三英语笔记大全 初三英语笔记大全人教版

HENRY

初三英语笔记大全 初三英语笔记大全人教版

初三英语全部笔记

中学英语要点汇总

  1.宾语从句:怎样判断出一个从句是宾语从句?○1 在动词后作宾语(动宾):

  Do you know where he es from? 划线部分是动词know的宾语.

  ○2.在有些接双宾结构的动词后作宾语:

  He asked me when we would leave. 此句中me与从句when-分别是ask的宾语。

  ○3在介词后作宾语(介宾):Let’s talt how we solve this problem.

  ○4在I’m sorry…, I’m afraid…, I’m sure…等结构后的句子也被认为是宾语从句.

  宾语从句需注意的时态问题:

  ○1主句若是一般现在时,从句根据不同情况用不同时态。

  He says (that) he will have a walk soon. (soon指将来,从句用将来时)

  The teacher asks who is the cleverest in the school. (暗指目前谁最聪明,从句用现在时)

  I want to know who e here late this morning. (今早已过去,从句用过去时)

  ○2主句若是一般过去时,从句也要用过去时。

  He wondered if I would e. She told me that her son had got well.

  She said that she liked watching TV. We thought Jim was wrong.

  ○3无论主句是何时态,从句若表客观真理,要用一般现在时。

  Mr. Li said the moon is smaller than the earth.

  ○4宾语从句无论有何引导词,句子都要用陈述句语序。

  Could you tell me when you will get bachan?(不是will you)

  Do you know which sweater she is wearing? (不是is she)

  2.状语从句:此处所说的状语从句用法仅包括条件(if和unless引导)状语从句和时间(when等引导,见下文)状语从句。状语从句需注意以下问题:

  ○1主句若是一般将来时、祈使句或含不表过去的情态动词等,则if(如果), unless(除非),when(当…的时候), as soon as(一…就…),before, after, until, till, as(当…的时候)所引导的状语从句用一般现在时。

  You may take a rest when you finish doing your work. (主句有情态动词)

  Could you look after my son after I leave home?

  (情态动词could是为了让语气委婉,并不指过去时,从句仍用一般现在时)

  I will go out as soon as it stops raining this afternoon. (主句是将来时)

  Wait for your brother at the bus station until he arrives. (主句是祈使句)

  ○2而主句若是一般过去时,从句也要用表过去时的适当时态,如:

  I would give the money to the charity if I had a million dollars.

  When he got to the park, his ates had left.

  My son ran towards me as soon as he saw me on the street.

  3.定语从句:定语从句是指修饰前面名词或代词的句子。从句前面的名词或代词叫先行词,从句中的引导词叫关系代词或关系副词。关系代词who只指人,which只指物。that既可指人又可指物。whose 后必须跟有名词,既指人,也可指物。关系词作主语时,不可省略,作宾语时可省略。whom只指人,只作宾语。关系副词where指“在那里”,when指“在那时”。 (以下所给例子凡斜体字部分均作定语从句。)

  She is a girl who / that is beautiful and kind-hearted. The girl who / that is tall is my sister.

  (以上关系词作主语,不可省略。)

  She is a girl (who / whom / that) I know very well. (关系词做know的宾语,可以省略。)

  That boy whose hair is very long is my brother. I own a bike whose price is high.

  (关系词whose表所属,后需接名词。前句指人,译为“这个孩子的”;后句指物,译为“这个自行车的”。)

  I bought a watch (which / that) I paid 100 yuan for. (指物, 作pay的宾语,可以省略。)

  I prefer a place which / that is clean and quiet. (关系词译为“这个地方”,主语,不可省)

  I prefer a place where I can live a quiet life. (关系词译为“在这个地方”,是地点副词。)

  I shall never forget the day when a boy helped me find my dog. (“在这一天”,是时间副词)4.wish和hope:○1wish既可接to do sth. 也可接sb + to do sth. 也可接that从句.

  I wish to spend my summer holiday in Qingdao. I wish you to join my party this Sunday.

  I wish (that) I could be a scientist. (注:接that从句时,从句用虚拟语气。)

  ○2hope接to do sth. 或that从句. 但不接sb to do sth.

  I hope to receive a letter from you some day. I hope you will get well soon.

  I hope (that) everything goes well. (接从句时不用虚拟)

  5.thanks for和thanks to: Thanks for your helping me with the work.

  (此句表达对对方为自己做了某事的感谢,后无补充的结果。)

  Thanks to your suggestion, I didn’t maistakes.

  (此句表达感谢由于某方所做的有利的事,出现了后面的结果。)

  6.感官动词用法之一:see, hear, listen to, watch, notice等词,后接宾语,再接动词原形或ing形式。前者表全过程,后者表正在进行。句中有频率词时,以上的词也常跟动词原形。 I heard someone knocking at the door when I fell asleep. (我入睡时有人正敲门)

  I heard someone knock at the door three times. (听的是全过程)

  I often waty ates play volleyball after school. (此处有频率词often)

  若以上词用于被动语态,后面原有动词原形改为带to不定式:

  We saw him go into the restaurant. → He was seen to go into the restaurant.

  I hear the boy cry every day. → The boy is heard to cry every day.

  7.感官动词用法之二:loond, smell, taste, feel可当系动词,后接形容词

初中英语必记笔记有哪些?

1.常用词汇用法

2.课本中的语法点

3.课文中的短语和固定用法

4.准备一个改错本 就是把做错的题自己整理一下写到一个本上

欢迎追问

祝你学习进步

初三英语知识点(全部)

Unit1:by 的用法 by+v-ing

Unit2:used to be 是重点 意思是 “过去常常”

Unit3:被动语态 sb should be allowed to do sth “某人应该被允许做某事

Unit4:虚拟语气 If i were …,i would …

Unit5:sth belong to sb 某物属于某人

Unit6:定语从句

Unit7:知识点多 忘了 ⊙﹏⊙

Unit8:put off+v-ing , work as, sw+adj

Unit9:被动语态 本单元重点单词:invent,be invented ,inventor

Unit10:过去完成时 标志性词语:by the time,realize

Unit11:宾语从句,注意从句的语序 和先行词

Unit12:be supposed to 句型

Unit13:make sb do sth ,make sb adj

Unit14:现在完成时:have done结构

Unit15:各个单元都有一些 单词表里单词的句型

ps:每个单元的标题很重要

过去常常做某事 used to do sth 习惯做某事 be used to doing sth 激光唱机 a CD player 输入 put into 全神贯注于……中 put one’s heart into 想出、提供 come up with 拾起某物 pick up sth 向某人借某物 borrow sth from sb 把某物借给某人 lend sb sth/lend sth to sb 带给某人知识 give sb knowledge 在校园内的室外 outside in the schoolyard 忘记要做某事 forget to do sth 忘记曾经做过的事 forget doing sth 第二天 the next day 上一周 last week 几天以后 several days later 迟早 sooner or later 更糟糕的是 what be worse 为……而付款 pay for… 所借的书 borrowed books 在国外 be abroad 整理床铺 make the bed 把某物归还给某人 return sth to sb 从某人处得到某物get sth from sb 顺手拿走、偷走 walk away with 鼓励某人做某事 encourage ab to do sth Unit 2 水上运动 water sports 一天三次 three times a day 尝试 have a try / want a go 遍及全世界 all over the world 许许多多、大量 a large number of 一年到头,终年 all the year round 不管 no matter 放弃做某事 give up doing sth 放弃工作 give up one’s job 以冲浪为生 live to surf 看起来令人兴奋 look exciting 因……而著名 be famous for 在A和B之间 between A and B 例如 for example 从那时起 ever since 打零工 a part-time assistant 休息一晚 have a night off 使某人舒畅(开心)make sb fit 乐趣无穷 such great fun 动身去某地 leave for sw. 一等奖 first prize 冲浪竞赛 a surfing competition 奥林匹克运动会 Olympic Games 出差,因公 on business 时光飞逝,光阴似箭,日月如梭 (How) time flies! 迄今为止 so far 到某处旅游 travel to sw. 试着做某事 trying doing sth 尽力做某事 try to do sth 一个十二岁的男孩 a 12-year-old boy / a boy of 12 实现 come true 走进、踏入 step into 减速 slow down 又过了两个小时 another two hours 高度赞扬 speak highly of 因……感到自豪 be proud of doing sth / be proud to do sth 是…..的骄傲 be the pride of sb Unit 3 造纸厂 a paper factory 找出、查明 find out 倾倒, 倒入 pour… into 污水、废水 waste water 害怕某事(物) be afraid of sth 害怕做某事 be afraid of doing sth 传到某人耳中 come to one’s ears 将某物投入 throw sth in 将某物投入某处 throw sth into sw. 帮助做某事 help (to) do sth 保持城市整洁 keep the city clean 保护环境 protect the environment 绿化中国 Greener China 乱丢某物 litter / throw sth about 以……为根据 base on /be based on 在公共场所吐痰 spit in a public place 为干某事而做出(巨大)贡献 make a (great) contribution to doing sth 砍伐 cut down 收垃圾的车 a truck collecting rubbish Unit 4 尽快 as soon/quickly as possible; as soon /quickly as one can 现在 right now 乘飞机旅行 travel by plane/ air 匆匆行程 a rushed trip 火车旅途 a train ride 打的前往 take a taxi to 卧铺车箱 a sleeping car 四处走走 walk around 感到疲惫 feel tired 打牌 play cards 一直不断干某事 keep doing sth 不断老是做某事 keep on doing sth 为某人提供某物 offer sb sth 练习干某事 practise doing sth 很快睡熟了 fall fast asleep 持久 last long 持续一段时间 last for some time 旅行 go on a trip/ have a trip / be on a trip 拍照 take photos / pictures 赶快 hurry up 在某人一生中 in one’s life 留言 leave a message 冲洗, 显影 come out Unit 5 过来、加油 come on 开家庭会议 have a family meeting 谈论 talk about 去度假 go for a holiday / go on holiday 决定干某事 decide to do sth 潜水 scuba diving 在因特网上 on the Internet 上网查寻 search the Internet 双击左键 double left click 因特网图标 the Internet icon 键入网址 type in the Website 按回车键 press the enter button 花市 a flower market 驯鹿公园 a deer park 单程 one-way trip 往返双程 round trip 珊瑚礁 coral reefs 快速列车 a fast train 向前走 walk along 照直走 go straight along 请稍等 just / wait a minute Unit 6 报警 call the police 出事故 have an accident 去冲浪 go surfing 骑马 ride a horse 拜访某人 visit sb 允许某人做某事 allow sb to do sth 使它成为可能 make it possible 水下呼吸器 the scuba machine 对……感兴趣 be interested in 摄像 make videos 制作电视节目 make a TV show 对……感到惊讶 be amazed /surprised at 保护环境 save /protect the environment 保持某物清洁 keep sth clean 清理、打扫 clean up 鼓励某人干某事 encourage sb to do sth 参加……活动 take part in sth /doing sth 长达…… as long as… 在世界上 on earth / in the world 以……为生、为主食 feed on… 在沙滩上 on the beaches 警告某人做某事 warn sb to do sth 去看望、拜访某人go to visit sb 走出 get out of 就这么定了。 That’s a deal. Unit 7 能 be able to 持续做…… keep doing sth 让某人持续做某事 keep sb doing sth 操作、从事、致力于…… work on sth 改变世界 change the world 试验新的想法(创新)try out new ideas 在校上学 be in school 与……无/有关 have nothing / something to do with… 对……感兴趣 be interested in 在12岁时 at the age of 12 铁轨 railway tracks 冲过去 rush out 把孩子抱到安全地带carry the boy to safety 如此……以致…… so… that… 对……评价高,看重 think a lot of 考虑、关心 think of 开发 open up 关小 turn dow ...

初三英语预习笔记

关于预习呢,我有这么几点看法预习是很重要的,它能使你在课堂上获得别人没有的成就感,因为老师讲的你能很好的呼应上,所以预习是英语学习是至关重要的首先应该通读课文,把不会的单词标记出来,上课重点理解这些词的意思其次记下来你不懂的语法现象,上课好好听,回家再做一下整理最后理解课文的意思,以便背诵以上就是我的预习心得,希望能帮到你。谢谢

希望对你能有所帮助。

初中英语复习笔记

1 (see 、hear 、notice 、find 、feel 、listen to 、 look at (感官动词)+do eg:I like watching monkeys jump

2 (比较级 and 比较级) 表示越来越怎么样

3 a piece of cake =easy 小菜一碟(容易) 4 agree with sb 赞成某人

5 all kinds of 各种各样 a kind of 一样 6 all over the world = the whole world 整个 世界

7 along with同……一道,伴随…… eg : I will go along with you我将和你一起去

the students planted trees along with their teachers 学生同老师们一起种树

8 As soon as 一怎么样就怎么样 9 as you can see 你是知道的

10 ask for ……求助 向…要…(直接接想要的东西) eg : ask you for my book

11 ask sb for sth 向某人什么

12 ask sb to do sth 询问某人某事 ask sb not to do 叫某人不要做某事

13 at the age of 在……岁时 eg:I am sixteen I am at the age of sixteen

14 at the beginning of …… ……的起初;……的开始

15 at the end of +地点/+时间 最后;尽头;末尾 eg : At the end of the day

16 at this time of year 在每年的这个时候

17 be /feel confident of sth /that clause +从句 感觉/对什么有信心,自信

eg : I am / feel confident of my spoken English I feel that I can pass the test

18 be + doing 表:1 现在进行时 2 将来时

19 be able to (+ v 原) = can (+ v 原) 能够…… eg : She is able to sing She can sing

20 be able to do sth 能够干什么 eg :she is able to sing

21 be afraid to do (of sth 恐惧,害怕…… eg : I'm afraed to go out at night I'm afraid of dog

22 be allowed to do 被允许做什么

eg: I'm allowed to watch TV 我被允许看电视 I should be allowed to watch TV 我应该被允许看电视

23 be angry with sb 生某人的气 eg : Don't be angry with me

24 be angry with(at) sb for doing sth 为什么而生某人的气

25 be as…原级…as 和什么一样 eg : She is as tall as me 她和我一样高

26 be ashamed to 27 be away from 远离 28 be away from 从……离开

29 be bad for 对什么有害 eg : Reading books in the sun is bad for your eyes 在太阳下看书对你的眼睛不好

30 be born 出生于 31 be busy doing sth 忙于做什么事 be busy with sth 忙于……

32 be careful 当心;小心 33 be different from…… 和什么不一样

34 be famous for 以……著名 35 be friendly to sb 对某人友好

36 be from = come from 来自 eg :He is from Bejing He comes from Bejing Is he from Bejing ? Does he come from Bejing ?

37 be full of 装满……的 be filled with 充满 eg: the glass is full of water the glass is filled with water

38 be glad+to+do/从句 39 be going to + v(原) 将来时

40 be good at(+doing) = do well in 在某方面善长, 善于……

41 be good for 对什么有好处 eg : Reading aloud is good for your English

42 be happy to do 很高兴做某事

43 be helpful to sb 对某人有好处

eg : Reading aloud is helpful to you 大声朗读对你有好处

Exercising is helpful to your bady 锻炼对你的身体有好处

44 be in good health 身体健康

45 be in trouble 处于困难中 eg : She is in trouble They are in tronble

46 be interested in 对某方面感兴趣

47 be late for = come late to 迟到 eg: Be late for class 上课迟到

48 be like 像…… eg : I'm like my mother

49 be mad at 生某人的气

50 be made from 由……制成(制成以后看不见原材料)

51 be made of 由……制成(制成以后还看得见原材料) 52 be not sure 表不确定

53 be on a visit to 参观 54 be popular with sb 受某人欢迎

55 be quiet 安静 56 be short for 表**的缩写 eg: 陶 is short for 陶俊杰

57 be sick in bed 生病在床 58 be sorry to do sth be sorry for sb eg : I am sorry for you

59 be sorry to hear that 60 be sorry to trouble sb eg : I am sorry to trouble you

61 be strict in doing sth 严于做某事 eg : He's strict in obeying noles

62 be strict with sb 对某人要求严格 eg: Some students are not strict with them selves 这些学生对自己不严格

63 be strict with sb in sth 某方面对某人严格 64 be supposed to do 被要求干什么

65 be sure 表确定 66 be sure of doing sth 对做某事有信心 eg: He is sure of winning I am sure of learning English well

67 be sure of sth 对做某事有信心 eg: I'm sure of my head (my teacher 我相信我的大脑(老师)

68 be sure that sth 对做某事有信心 eg: I'm suer that he can pass the test 我相信他能通过考试

69 be sure to do sth一定会做某事eg: We are sure to pass the test 我们一定会通过这次考试 We are sure to learn English well 我们一定能学好英语

70 be terrified of + 名/动doing 害怕…… 71 be terrified to do sth 害怕做某事

72 be the same as … 和什么一样 73 be used to doing sth 习惯做某事

eg: My father is used to getting up early 我爸爸习惯早He is used to sleeping in class 他习惯上课睡觉

74 be worth doing 值得做什么 75 be(feel) afraid to do sth 害怕做某事be afraid of sth 害怕某物 be afraid that 丛句

76 because+句子 because of +短语

eg : He was late because he had a headache He was late because of his headache

77 begin to do = start to do 开始做某事 start…with…=begin…with… 以什么开始什么

eg : Let's begin the game with the song I begin to go home

78 between…and… 两者之间

79 borrow sth from sb 向……借…… lend sth to sb ( lend sb sth 借给……什么东西

eg : I borrowed a pen from him he lent a pen to me ( he lent me a pen

80 both = the same(as) = not different(from) 表相同

81 bother 打扰 bother sb to do sth

eg : I'm sorry to bother you ,but can you tell me to way to the station

我十分道歉打扰你,但是你能告诉我怎么去车站

the problem has been bothering me for weeks 这个问题困扰了我几个周了

He's bothering me to lend him money

82 by the end of 到……为止 83 call sb sth eg : We call him old wang

84 care 关心 eg : Don't you care about this country's future ?你为什么不关心国家的未来

85 catch up with sb 赶上某人 86 chat with sb 和某人闲谈 take sb to + 地点 带某人去某地

87 come in 进88 come over to 过来

89 come up with 提出 eg: Can you come up with a good idea 你能想出一个好办法吗?

90 communicate with sb 和某人交流

91 consider + doing 考虑做什么 eg : Why not consider going to lu zhou 为什么不考虑去泸州?

92 dance to 随着……跳舞 eg : She likes dancing to the music 她喜欢随着音乐跳舞

93 decide to do sth 决定做某事 94 do a survey of 做某方面的调查 95 do better in 在……方面做得更好

96 do wrong 做错 97 Don't forget to do sth 不要忘了做某事 98 Don't mind +doing /从句 /名词 不要介意……

99 each +名(单)每一个…eg : Each student has many books 每一个学生都有一些书 100 end up +doing 101 enjoy +doing喜欢 102 escape from 从……逃跑eg: The prisoners have escaped from the prison犯人从监狱里逃跑出来 103 expect to do sth 期待做某事 104 fall down 摔下来 fall off 从哪摔下来 105 fall in love with sb /sth 爱上什么

106 far from 离某地远 eg : The school is far from my home 107 find +it +adj +to do 发现做某事怎么样

108 find sb/sth +adj 发现什么怎么样 eg : I find the book interesting 109 finish 完成+doing(名词)

110 fit to sb = be fit for sb 适合某人 111 forget to do 没有做而忘了 forget doing 做了而又忘了 eg: Don't forget to go home I forget closing door 112 from…to… 从某某到某某 eg: From me for her

113 get /have sth down 做完,被(别人)做…eg: I have my hair cut 我理了发(头发被剪了)

Tom got his bad tooth pulled out 汤母把他的坏牙拔掉了(被牙医拔掉了)

114 get a part-time job= find a part-time job 115 get along well with sb = get on well with sb 与某人相处得好

116 get along with sb = get on with sb 与某人相处 117 get ready for = be ready for为什么而准备eg : I get ready for math I am ready for math 118 get sb in to trouble 给某人麻119 get sb to do sth

120 get…from… 从某处得到某物 121 give a talk 做报告 eg: He is give a tall

122 give sth to sb give sb sth 给某人某物 123 go fish 钓鱼 go swimming 游泳

124 go on to do 去做下一件事 go on doing 继续做这件事 125 go out away from go out of

126 go to school 上学(用于专业的)go to the school 去学校(不一定是上学) 127 good way to 好方法

128 hate to do 讨厌没做过的事 hate doing 讨厌做过的事

129 have a party for sb 举办谁的晚会 130 have a talk 听报告 谈一谈

131 have been doing 现在完成进行时 eg : You have been talking You have been sleeping since

132 have been to …( 地方)……去过某过地方 have gone to …(地方) 去了某地还没回来

133 have fun +doing 玩得高兴 134 have sth to do 有什么事要做

eg: I have a lot of homework to do 我有很多家庭作业要做 I have nothing to do 我没什么事情做

135 have to do sth 必须做某事

136 have trouble (problem) (in) doing sth 做什么事情有麻烦

137 have…time +doing

138 have…(时间)…off 放……假 eg: I have month off 我请一个月得假

139 hear sb +do/doing 听见某人做某事/正在做某事

140 help a lot 很大用处

141 help sb with sth \one's sth 帮助某人某事(某方面) help sb (to) do sth 帮助某人做某事

142 hope to do sth 希望做某事

143 How about(+doing) = What about(+doing)

144 how do you like = what do you think of 你对什么的看法

145 if : 是否=wether

eg: I don't know if (wether) I should go to the party 我不知道我是否应该去参加晚会

He don't know if (wether) we will arrive on time tomorrow morning 他不知道我们明天早上是否能准时到达

146 if :如果,假如(全部接一般时态)+条件语态从句

eg: I'll go to LuZhou if it does't rain 假如明天不下雨,我就去泸州

If they change the plan they will let me know 假如他们要改变计划,他们会让我知道的

I'll go to England ,if I have enough money next year 如果我明年由足够的钱,我就要去英国

147 in one's opinion = sb think 某人认为

148 in some ways 在某些方面

149 in the end = finally(adv) 最后

150 in the north of… 什么在什么的北方 (north 北 sowth 南 west 西 east 东 )

TAG: 英语