温斯顿·伦纳德·斯宾塞·丘吉尔(爵士) Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill
Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill (Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill, 1874 Nian 11 Yue 30 Ri -1965 1 24), statesman, painter, orator, writer and journalist, 1953 Nobel Literature Prize winner, was during the period 1940-1945 two-year and 1951-1955 was British Prime Minister, is considered the 20th century, one of the most important political leaders to lead the Great Britain of World War II victory. Reportedly in history to master English vocabulary words, one of the largest (over 50,000).
By the U.S. magazine "show" as the last century the world's most persuasive orator, one of the eight. In 2002, BBC held a "100 Greatest Britons" poll result, Churchill was elected as the greatest Briton ever.
Sir Winston Churchill<br>作者：<br><br>in full Sir Winston Leonard Spencer Churchill <br>born Nov. 30, 1874, Blenheim Palace, Oxfordshire, Eng.<br>died Jan. 24, 1965, London<br><br>Winston Churchill, photographed by Yousuf Karsh, 1941. <br>© Karsh/Woodfin Camp and Associates <br><br>British statesman, orator, and author who as prime minister (1940–45, 1951–55) rallied the British people during World War II and led his country from the brink of defeat to victory. <br><br>After a sensational rise to prominence in national politics before World War I, Churchill acquired a reputation for erratic judgment in the war itself and in the decade that followed. Politically suspect in consequence, he was a lonely figure until his response to Adolf Hitler's challenge brought him to leadership of a national coalition in 1940. With Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin he then shaped Allied strategy in World War II, and after the breakdown of the alliance he alerted the West to the expansionist(扩张主义者) threat of the Soviet Union. He led the Conservative Party back to office in 1951 and remained prime minister until 1955, when ill health forced his resignation. <br>sensational: Arousing or intended to arouse strong curiosity, interest, or reaction, especially by exaggerated or lurid details: 耸人听闻的引起或有意引起强烈的好奇、兴趣或反应的，尤其指用夸张的或过分渲染的细节<br>prominence: 突出, 显著, 突出物<br>erratic: Deviating from the customary course in conduct or opinion; eccentric 古怪的在行为与观点上与习惯的作法偏离；偏执的<br>coalition: An alliance, especially a temporary one, of people, factions, parties, or nations.联盟人民、派别、政党或国家的联合，尤指暂时联合<br><br>In Churchill's veins ran the blood of both of the English-speaking peoples whose unity, in peace and war, it was to be a constant purpose of his to promote. Through his father, Lord Randolph Churchill, the meteoric Tory politician, he was directly descended from John Churchill, 1st duke of Marlborough, the hero of the wars against Louis XIV of France in the early 18th century. His mother, Jennie Jerome, a noted beauty, was the daughter of a New York financier and horse racing enthusiast, Leonard W. Jerome. <br><br>The young Churchill passed an unhappy and sadly neglected childhood, redeemed only by the affection of Mrs. Everest, his devoted nurse. At Harrow his conspicuously poor academic record seemingly justified his father's decision to enter him into an army career. It was only at the third attempt that he managed to pass the entrance examination to the Royal Military College, now Academy, Sandhurst, but, once there, he applied himself seriously and passed out (graduated) 20th in a class of 130. In 1895, the year of his father's tragic death, he entered the 4th Hussars. Initially the only prospect of action was in Cuba, where he spent a couple of months of leave reporting the Cuban war of independence from Spain for the Daily Graphic (London). In 1896 his regiment(团, 大群) went to India, where he saw service as both soldier and journalist on the North-West Frontier (1897). Expanded as The Story of the Malakand Field Force (1898), his dispatches attracted such wide attention as to launch him on the career of authorship that he intermittently pursued throughout his life. In 1897–98 he wrote Savrola (1900), a Ruritanian romance, and got himself attached to Lord Kitchener's Nile expeditionary force in the same dual role of soldier and correspondent. The River War (1899) brilliantly describes the campaign.<br>redeem: To save from a state of sinfulness and its consequences.<br>To relegate to a specific destination or send on specific business.派遣；发送送到特定的目的地或分派特定任务
Date of birth:1874-1965
Acquisition awards:In 1953 N
出生日期:1874 - 1965
obel literature prize
Winston Churchill (30 November 1874 –24 January 1965) was a British politician known chiefly for his leadership of the United Kingdom during World War II. He served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955. A noted statesman and orator, Churchill was also an officer in the British Army, historian, writer, and artist. He is the only British Prime Minister who has ever received the Nobel Prize for Literature.
During his army career, Churchill saw action in India, in the Sudan and the Second Boer War. He gained fame and notoriety as a war correspondent and through contemporary books he wrote describing the campaigns. He also served briefly in the British Army on the Western Front in World War I, commanding the 6th Battalion of the Royal Scots Fusiliers.
At the forefront of the political scene for almost fifty years, he held many political and cabinet positions. Before the First World War, he served as President of the Board of Trade, Home Secretary and First Lord of the Admiralty as part of the Asquith Liberal government. During the war he continued as First Lord of the Admiralty until the disastrous Battle of Gallipoli caused his departure from government. He returned as Minister of Munitions, Secretary of State for War and Secretary of State for Air. In the interwar years, he served as Chancellor of the Exchequer in the Conservative government.
After the outbreak of the Second World War, Churchill was again appointed First Lord of the Admiralty. Following the resignation of Neville Chamberlain on 10 May 1940, he became Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and led Britain to victory against the Axis powers. Churchill was always noted for his speeches, which became a great inspiration to the British people and embattled Allied forces.
After losing the 1945 election, he became Leader of the Opposition. In 1951, he again became Prime Minister before finally retiring in 1955. Upon his death the Queen granted him the honour of a state funeral, which saw one of the largest assemblies of statesmen in the world.
Winston Churchill was also an accomplished artist and took great pleasure in painting, especially after his resignation as First Lord of the Admiralty in 1915. He found a haven in art to overcome the spells of depression—or as he termed it, the "Black Dog"—which he suffered throughout his life. As William Rees-Mogg has stated, "In his own life, he had to suffer the 'black dog' of depression. In his landscapes and still lives there is no sign of depression". He is best known for his impressionist scenes of landscape, many of which were painted while on holiday in the South of France, Egypt or Morocco. He continued his hobby throughout his life and painted hundreds of paintings, many of which are on show in the studio at Chartwell as well as private collections. Most of his paintings are oil-based and feature landscapes, but he also did a number of interior scenes and portraits.
Despite his lifelong fame and upper-class origins Churchill always struggled to keep his income at a level that would fund his extravagant lifestyle. MPs before 1946 received only a nominal salary (and in fact did not receive anything at all until the Parliament Act 1911) so many had secondary professions from which to earn a living. From his first book in 1898 until his second stint as Prime Minister, Churchill's income was almost entirely made from writing books and opinion pieces for newspapers and magazines. The most famous of his newspaper articles are those that appeared in the Evening Standard from 1936 warning of the rise of Hitler and the danger of the policy of appeasement.
Churchill was also a prolific writer of books, writing a novel, two biographies, three volumes of memoirs, and several histories in addition to his many newspaper articles. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature "for his mastery of historical and biographical description as well as for brilliant oratory in defending exalted human values".Two of his most famous works, published after his first premiereship brought his international fame to new heights, were his six-volume memoir The Second World War and A History of the English-Speaking Peoples; a four-volume history covering the period from Caesar's invasions of Britain (55 BC) to the beginning of the First World War (1914).
谷歌翻译不会出错啊： October 1900, on behalf of the British Conservative Party elected members of the successful candidates Churchill, was the beginning of political career over 61 years.
1939 World War II, the following year, Churchill became Prime Minister of Britain, which during World War II, he led the British people wit to the victory.
1965 Winston Churchill died 91 years
Churchill was a loyal defender of cigars, a cigar that he always the image to appear before the public did not take the occasional cigar hand, except in the church, or will find him sat in the unprepared, and only When holding cigars, Churchill did not resume his casual ease.
Diao is a cigar in her mouth, mild, quite gentlemanly prime minister, Hitler was a threat, he said: "Churchill's cabinet, which means that the war really started, and now we began to fight with Britain." Cigars he the way you like, such as conditions allow, would put whiskey in the dip cigar lit again, breathe deeply, a smile of satisfaction.
I admire Churchill, not only in political terms, his achievements in literature, he is still a master, and lectures around the world, his wisdom, to life and life move me, his life is a legend