英语名词解释是什么 英语名词的概念


英语名词解释是什么 英语名词的概念


The Cold War was the state of conflict, tension and competition that existed between the United States and the Soviet Union and their respective allies from the mid-1940s to the early 1990s. Throughout this period, rivalry between the two superpowers was expressed through military coalitions, propaganda, espionage, weapons development, industrial advances, and competitive technological development, which included the space race. Both superpowers engaged in costly defence spending, a massive conventional and nuclear arms race, and numerous proxy wars.

The Indies or East Indies (or East India) is a term often used to refer to the islands of Southeastern Asia, especially the Malay Archipelago.In a wider sense, the Indies is also used to describe lands of South and Southeast Asia[1], occupying all of the present Indian Union, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, the Maldives, and also Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Brunei, Singapore, the Philippines, East Timor, Malaysia and Indonesia. (Dutch-held colonies in the area were known as the Dutch East Indies before Indonesian independence).The East Indies may also include Indochina, the Philippine Islands, Brunei, Singapore and East Timor. It does not, however, include western New Guinea (West Papua), which is part of Melanesia.

Wall Street is a street in lower Manhattan, New York City, New York, United States. It runs east from Broadway to South Street on the East River, through the historical center of the Financial District. Wall Street was the first permanent home of the New York Stock Exchange; over time Wall Street became the name of the surrounding geographic neighborhood.Wall Street is also shorthand (or a metonym) for the "influential financial interests" of the American financial industry, which is centered in the New York City area.Several major U.S. stock and other exchanges remain headquartered on Wall Street and in the Financial District, including the NYSE, NASDAQ, AMEX, NYMEX, and NYBOT.

William Shakespeare (baptised 26 April 1564 – 23 April 1616) was an English poet and playwright, widely regarded as the greatest writer in the English language and the world's preeminent dramatist.He is often called England's national poet and the "Bard of Avon" (or simply "The Bard"). His surviving works consist of 38 plays,154 sonnets, two long narrative poems, and several other poems. His plays have been translated into every major living language, and are performed more often than those of any other playwright.

The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), also called the (North) Atlantic Alliance, is a military alliance established by the signing of the North Atlantic Treaty on 4 April 1949. The NATO headquarters are in Brussels, Belgium,and the organization constitutes a system of collective defense whereby its member states agree to mutual defense in response to an attack by any external party.

Christmas, also referred to as Christmas Day, is an annual holiday celebrated on December 25 or January 7 that commemorates the birth of Jesus of Nazareth.The day marks the beginning of the larger season of Christmastide, which lasts twelve days.The nativity of Jesus, which is the basis for the anno Domini system of dating, is thought to have occurred between 7 and 2 BC. December 25 is not thought to be Jesus' actual date of birth, and the date may have been chosen to correspond with either a Roman festival,or with the winter solstice.

英语 名词解释

英语 名词解释



1.1 名词复数的规则变化


  情况 构成方法 读音 例词


  一般情况 加 -s 1.清辅音后读/s/; map-maps

  2.浊辅音和元音后 bag-bags

  读 /z/; car-cars



  x等结尾的词 加 -es 读 /iz/ bus-buses





  的词 加 -s 读 /iz/ license-licenses


  以辅音字母+y 变y 为i

  结尾的词 再加es 读 /z/ baby---babies


  1.2 其它名词复数的规则变化

  1) 以y结尾的专有名词,或元音字母+y 结尾的名词变复数时,直接加s变复数:

  如: two Marys the Henrys

  monkey---monkeys holiday---holidays

  比较: 层楼:storey ---storeys story---stories

  2) 以o 结尾的名词,变复数时:

  a. 加s,如: photo---photos piano---pianos

  radio---radios zoo---zoos;

  b. 加es,如:potato--potatoes tomato--tomatoes

  c. 均可,如:zero---zeros / zeroes

  3) 以f或fe 结尾的名词变复数时:

  a. 加s,如: belief---beliefs roof---roofs

  safe---safes gulf---gulfs;

  b. 去f,fe 加ves,如:half---halves

  knife---knives leaf---leaves wolf---wolves

  wife---wives life---lives thief---thieves;

  c. 均可,如: handkerchief:

  handkerchiefs / handkerchieves

  1.3 名词复数的不规则变化

  1)child---children foot---feet tooth---teeth

  mouse---mice man---men woman---women

  注意:与 man 和 woman构成的合成词,其复数形式也是 -men 和-women。

  如: an Englishman,two Englishmen. 但German不是合成词,故复数形式为Germans;Bowman是姓,其复数是the Bowmans。

  2)单复同形 如:


  li,jin,yuan,two li,three mu,four jin


  a dollar, two dollars; a meter, two meters


  如: people police cattle 等本身就是复数,不能说 a people,a police,a cattle,但可以说

  a person,a policeman,a head of cattle,the English,the British,the French,the Chinese,the Japanese,the Swiss 等名词,表示国民总称时,作复数用。

  如: The Chinese are industries and brave. 中国人民是勤劳勇敢的。


  a. maths,politics,physics等学科名词,为不可数名词,是单数。

  b. news 是不可数名词。

  c. the United States,the United Nations 应视为单数。

  The United Nations was organized in 1945. 联合国是1945年组建起来的。

  d. 以复数形式出现的书名,剧名,报纸,杂志名,也可视为单数。

  "The Arabian Nights" is a very interesting story-book.


  5) 表示由两部分构成的东西,如:glasses (眼镜) trousers, clothes

  若表达具体数目,要借助数量词 pair(对,双); suit(套); a pair of glasses; two pairs of trousers

  6) 另外还有一些名词,其复数形式有时可表示特别意思,如:goods货物,waters水域,fishes(各种)鱼

  1.4 不可数名词量的表示


  a. 当物质名词转化为个体名词时。

  比较: Cake is a kind of food. 蛋糕是一种食物。 (不可数)

  These cakes are sweet. 这些蛋糕很好吃。 (可数)

  b. 当物质名词表示该物质的种类时,名词可数。

  This factory produces steel. (不可数)

  We need various steels. (可数)

  c. 当物质名词表示份数时,可数。

  Our country is famous for tea.


  Two teas, please.


  2) 抽象名词有时也可数。

  four freedoms 四大自由

  the four modernizations四个现代化



  a glass of water 一杯水

  a piece of advice 一条建议

  1.5 定语名词的复数


  1) 用复数作定语。

  如:sports meeting 运动会

  students reading-room 学生阅览室

  talks table 谈判桌

  the foreign languages department 外语系

  2) man, woman, gentleman等作定语时,其单复数以所修饰的名词的单复数而定。

  如:men workers women teachers

  gentlemen officials

  3) 有些原有s结尾的名词,作定语时,s保留。

  如:goods train (货车)

  arms produce 武器生产

  customs papers 海关文件

  clothes brush衣刷

  4) 数词+名词作定语时,这个名词一般保留单数形式。

  如:two-dozen eggs 两打/(二十四个鸡蛋)

  a ten-mile walk 十里路

  two-hundred trees 两百棵树

  a five-year plan. 一个五年计划

  个别的有用复数作定语的,如: a seven-years child

  1.6 不同国家的人的单复数

  名称 总称(谓语用复数) 一个人 两个人

  中国人 the Chinese a Chinese two Chinese

  瑞士人 the Swiss a Swiss two Swiss

  澳大利亚人the an two

  Australians Australian Australians

  俄国人 the Russians a Russian two Russians

  意大利人 the Italians an Italian two Italians

  希腊人 the Greek a Greek two Greeks

  法国人 the French a Frenchman two


  日本人 the Japanese a Japanese two Japanese

  美国人 the Americans an American two Americans

  印度人 the Indians an Indian two Indians

  加拿大人 the Canadians a Canadian two Canadians

  德国人 the Germans a Germans two Germans

  英国人 the English an Englishman two


  瑞典人 the Swedish a Swede two Swedes

  1.7 名词的格

  在英语中有些名词可以加"'s"来表示所有关系,带这种词尾的名词形式称为该名词的所有格,如:a teacher's book。名词所有格的规则如下:

  1) 单数名词词尾加"'s",复数名词词尾没有s,也要加"'s",如the boy's bag 男孩的书包,men's room 男厕所。

  2) 若名词已有复数词尾-s ,只加"'",如:the workers' struggle 工人的斗争。

  3) 凡不能加"'s"的名词,都可以用"名词+of +名词"的结构来表示所有关系,如:the title of the song 歌的名字。

  4) 在表示店铺或教堂的名字或某人的家时,名词所有格的后面常常不出现它所修饰的名词,如:the barber's 理发店。

  5) 如果两个名词并列,并且分别有's,则表示"分别有";只有一个's,则表示'共有'。

  如:John's and Mary's room(两间) John and Mary's room(一间)

  6) 复合名词或短语,'s 加在最后一个词的词尾。

  如:a month or two's absence


我来,顺便自己复习一下。这是美国的地理啊,从地理角度看,美国通常被分为8 大地区。

1、The New England Region (位于 美国东北角)

New England consists of six states: Maine ,New Hampshire ,Vermont, Massachusetts,Rhode Island and Conneticut.

2 the mid-atlantic area

It also consists of six states: New York ,New Jersey , Pennsylvania, Maryland , Delaware and West Virginia .

3 the south

It consists of 11 states:

推荐:这些解释在 《英美概况》上都有,你自己到图书馆找吧。时间紧,我有要事不能有空帮你了。







TAG: 名词解释