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英语里的副词有哪些 英语常见副词有哪些

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英语里的副词有哪些 英语常见副词有哪些

英语副词有哪些

英语中是副词的单词有很多,比如now 现在、then 然后、often 经常、always 总是、usually 经常、early 早些、today 今天、here 这里、there 这里、everywhere 任何地方、in 在...里面、along 一直、round 环绕地、near 旁边,等等。

单词解析:

一、now

1、读音:英 [naʊ] 美 [naʊ] 

2、翻译:

adv. 现在;立刻

conj. 既然(与that连用)

n. 现在;此刻

adj. 目前的;现存的

3、例句:It is now possible to put a man on the moon.

目前已能将人送到月球上。

二、often

1、读音:英 ['ɒfn] 美 ['ɔːfn] 

2、翻译:adv. 经常;时常;屡次

3、例句:I often take my children to play in the park.

我经常带我的孩子们去公园玩。

三、always

1、读音:英 ['ɔːlweɪz] 美 ['ɔːlweɪz] 

2、翻译:adv. 总是;一直;始终;永远;随时;无论如何

3、例句:I'm always at home in the evenings.

晚上我总是在家里。

四、here

1、读音:英 [hɪə(r)] 美 [hɪr]  

2、翻译:

adv. 这里;这时;在这点上

n. 这里

int. 嘿;喂(用于引起注意)

3、例句:It is neither hot nor cold in winter here.

这里冬天既不热也不冷。

五、today

1、读音:英 [tə'deɪ] 美 [tə'deɪ]   

2、翻译:

n. 今天;当今

adv. 今天;当今

adj. 现在的

3、例句:I feel my fingers are all thumbs today.

我觉得我今天笨手笨脚。

参考资料来源:百度百科-英语副词

英语的副词有哪些

英语中有一些表示方式、 程度的副词具有两种形式。 如late,lately;

high,highly;slow,showly等 等。在这些词当中,两种不同形式所表达的含

义有的完全不同,有的很相似,而有的却完全一致。这就给人们 使用这些词时

带来一定的麻烦。特别是在学生中间,总免不了使用时的混淆。笔者想就此问题

分类作一点探讨 。

(一)本类词有hard,hardly;late,lately;most,mostly等等,这两

种副词形式含义完全不同,所以 ,使用时不易引起混淆。

1.He works hard all day.他整天都在使劲地干活。

He hardly works at all.他很少干活。

2.You have come too late.你来得太晚了。

Have you see him lately?你最近见到过他吗?

3.The person who talks most is often the one who doesleast.说得最

多的人常常干得最少。

The audience consisted mostly of women.观众大部分是女的。

4.The next flight dose not go direct to Tokyo; it goes byway of

Shanghai.下趟航班不直飞东京 ,而是绕道上海。

He will be here directly.他马上就来。

5.The rider pulled his horse up short.骑手突然一下把马勒住。

Make a right turn shortly beyond the village. 村前不远处往右拐。

6.Please stand clear of the gate.请不要站在门前。

He stated his view-point clealy.他很清楚明白地阐述了自己的观点。

7.The exam was pretty difficult.这次考试相当难。

Her little girls are always prettily dressed.她的小女孩穿着总是很

漂亮。

(二)这类词主要有wide,widely;close, closely ;high,highly等

等,这两种副词形式不同,含义 也有差别,但是没有第一类的区别明显,而且

翻译成汉语时用词也很接近。所以使用时很容易混淆。这类词含 义及用法上的

主要特点是:不带-ly的副词表示具体的行为和动作,说明的动作或状况有可测

量性和可见性;而 以-ly结尾的同源副词所表达的常常是抽象性的行为和状况。

这时,这些词大都具有"greatly"和"extremel y"的含义。试作如下比较:

1.Do you see that butterfly flying high above the street?你是否看

见那只蝴蝶在街道上方高高飞舞 着?

The distinguished guests were highly praised.贵宾们受到了高度赞扬。

2.He flung the door wide open.他猛地把门开得大大的。

We were widely different on many questions.我们在许多问题上分歧很

大。

3.You will have to pay dear for that telescope.买那个望远镜你得付

很高的价钱。

You will pay dearly for the insult. 对这样的侮辱你将付出高昂的代价。

4.She stood close against the wall.她紧挨着墙站着。

The police were watching him closely.警察在密切监视他。

5.The bird is now flying quite low.鸟儿现在飞得非常低。

He bowed lowly before the queen.他谦恭地给女王鞠了一躬。

6.They had to dig deep to reach water.他们挖得很深才挖到水。

You have offended him deeply.你冒犯他可不轻。

7.Grace is holding tight to Paul.格雷斯紧紧地搂抱着保罗。

The passengers were packed tightly in the train.火车车箱里挤满了乘

客。

8.Mr. Cole tends to speak rather loud.科尔先生说话声音总是很大。

Mr. Cole boasted loudly of his power. 科尔先生大肆夸耀自己的权力。

(三)这类词主要有slow,slowly;quick,quickly等等异形同义词。当

然,现代英语的语言规范性要求 用以-ly 结尾的副词来修饰动词,但由于句子

结构以及搭配的不同,使用时也具有不同的倾向性。在此,主要 探讨一下在什

么情况下常使用不带-ly的副词形式。同时, 把第二类中一些适应于下列规则

的词也包括进去。 总的说来,倾向于使用不带-ly副词形式的情况大致有下列

四种:

Ⅰ 用作比较级或最高级时:

1.Allen was walking quickly, but George was walking evenquicker.

艾伦走得很快,但乔治走得更快 。

2.The men were quarreling loudly, but the policemenshouted louder.

那些人在大声争吵着,但 是警察喊叫得更响。

3.The car went slower and slower until it came to a stand still.

汽车走得越来越慢,最后停了下 来。

4.Let's see who can run quickest.我们来看看谁跑得最快。

5.We must look closer at the problem. 我们必须更加仔细地查看这一问

题。

Ⅱ 有"so"或"too"修饰时:

1.It all happened so quick that I could do nothing. 这一切发生得如

此之快以致于我手足无措无法 对付了。

2.It is impossible to overtake him; your car goes tooslow.不可能赶

上他了,你的车太慢了。

3.Don't talk so loud; the child is in bed now.别这样大声说话,孩子

已经睡了。

英语中的副词指什么?

副词

[adverb] 起修饰或限制动词或形容词作用、表程度或范围的词。

分 类:

1) 时间和频度副词:

now,then,often,always,usually,early,today, late, next,lastday,already,generally,frequently, seldom,ever,never,yet,soon,too, immediately, finally,shortly, before, ago,sometimes, yesterday. once,twice

2) 地点副词:

here, there, everywhere, anywhere, in, out, inside, outside, above, below, down, back, forward, home, upstairs, downstairs, across, along, round , around, near, off, past, up, away, on.

3) 方式副词:

carefully, properly, anxiously, suddenly, normally, fast, well, calmly, politely, proudly, softly, warmly

4) 程度副词:

much,little, very,rather,so,too,still, quite, perfectly, enough, extremely, entirely,almost, slightly, hardly.

5) 疑问副词:

how, when, where, why.

6) 关系副词:

when, where, why.

7) 连接副词:

therefore,moreover,however,otherwise,then.

用 法:

副词在句中可作状语,表语,补语,定语。

He works hard. (作状语) 他工作努力。

You speak English very well. (作状语) 你英语讲的相当好。

Is she in ? (作表语) 她在家吗?

Let's be out. (作表语) 让我们出去吧。

Food here is hardly to get. (作状语) 这儿很难弄到食物。

Let him out!(作补语) 让他出去! .

修饰名词的副词放在被修饰词之后

a. The villagers there are busy getting in wheat

位 置:

1) 实意动词之前,be动词、情态动词之后。

I am also Bush.

2) 副词修饰形容词,副词时,副词在前面,而被修饰的词在后面。

It's rather easy, I can do it.

3) 频度副词可放在实义动词的前面,情态动词和助动词的后面。

I often help him these days.

4) 疑问副词,连接副词,关系副词以及修饰整个句子的副词,通常放在句子或从句的前面。

When do you study everyday?

5) 时间副词和地点副词在一个句中, 地点副词在前面,时间副词在后面。 We went shopping in the supermarket at 9 o'clock yesterday.

6)否定副词在句首,句子要倒装,如:

Never have I felt so excited! 我从来没有觉得太激动了!

50个英语副词

1) 时间副词:常见的有now, then, soon, ago, recently, lately, later, before, early, today, tomorrow, yesterday, tonight, suddenly, immediately, still, already, just等.

(2) 地点副词:常见的有here, there, up, down, away, nearby, home, ahead, abroad, indoors, overseas, upstairs, downstairs等。

(3) 方式副词:表示行为方式的副词大多以-ly结尾,常见的有quietly, heavily, warmly, carefully, happily, politely, angrily等。

(4) 频度副词:常见的有always, usually, often, frequently, constantly, occasionally, sometimes, seldom, hardly, rarely, never等。

(5) 程度副词:常见的有fairly, pretty, rather, quite, very, much, too, greatly, almost, nearly, half, highly, deeply, partly, perfectly, really等。

(6) 连接副词:这类副词有相当于并列连词的therefore, besides, otherwise, however, moreover, furthermore, still, thus, meanwhile等,

(7) 关系副词:就是引导定语从句的when, where, why等。

(8) 疑问副词:就是用于引出特殊疑问句的when, where, why, how等。

TAG: 副词