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动名词的变化规则 动名词的用法顺口溜

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动名词的变化规则 动名词的用法顺口溜

动名词的变化规律

一般变形:在动词后加ing,如eating、doing

特殊变形:

1.以e结尾的动词(e不发音):去e加ing,如make——>making、breathe——>breathing

2.以ie结尾的动词:变ie为一,加ing,如lie——>lying、die——>dying

3.重读闭音节:双写末尾字母,加ing,如cut——>cutting、sip——>sipping

扩展资料:

动名词,指的是动词ing形式的一种,兼有动词和名词特征的非限定动词。它可以支配宾语,也能被副词修饰。动名词有时态和语态的变化。英语中的动名词是由动词变化而来。

英语中的动名词是由动词变化而来,它仍一方面保留着动词的某些特征,具有动词的某些变化形式,用以表达名词所不能表达的较为复杂的意念,另一方面动名词在句子的用法及功能与名词类同:

在句子中可以作主语、宾语、表语、定语。它也可以被副词修饰或者用来支配宾语。但它没有时态变化而只有"式"的变化,分为一般式和完成式。

例如:They run into constant discrimination in trying to find a job or friend.

在寻找工作和结交朋友方面,他们不断地受到歧视。

Living in digs means having one room in someone's house.

寄居的意思是在别人的家里借住一间房间。

区别:

1.动名词和现在分词都可以用于系动词之后作表语,区别方法是:

①作表语的动名词与主语指的是同一件事,此时系动词相当于“是”,通常把主语和表语的位置互换,语法和意思不变,例如:

My hobby is swimming.可改为Swimming is my hobby.(可将原句中的主语与表语位置互换)

②现在分词作表语主要用以说明主语的性质,不能与主语互换位置,例如:

The story is interesting .不可改为:Interesting is the story.

2.动名词和现在分词都可以用作定语来修饰名词,两者的区别在于:

动名词修饰名词时主要表示该名词的用途,而现在分词修饰名词时性质、状态或动作等。试比较:

①a swimming boy和a swimming suit

前者的意思是“一个正在游泳的男孩”,即a boy who is swimming,现在分词swimming 表示被修饰名词boy的动作;而后者的意思是“游泳衣”,即a suit for swimming,动名词swimming表示suit 的用途。

②a sleeping child 和 a sleeping car

前者的意思是“一个正在睡觉的孩子”,即a child who is sleeping,现在分词sleeping 表示被修饰名词 child 正处于的状态;而后者的意思是“卧车(被用来睡觉的车厢)”,即 a car which is used for sleeping,动名词 sleeping 表示car 的用途。

参考资料:搜狗百科——动名词

英语动词,动名词的变化规律.

6.1 动名词作主语、宾语和表语

1)作主语

Fighting broke out between the South and the North.

南方与北方开战了。

2)作宾语

a. 动词后加动名词doing作宾语 V. + doing sth

admit 承认

appreciate 感激,赞赏 avoid 避免

complete 完成 consider 认为

delay 耽误

deny 否认

detest 讨厌

endure 忍受

enjoy 喜欢

escape 逃脱

prevent阻止

fancy 想象

finish 完成

imagine 想象

mind 介意

miss 想念

postpone 推迟

practise 训练 recall 回忆

resent 讨厌

resist 抵抗

resume 继续

risk 冒险

suggest 建议 face 面对

include 包括

stand 忍受

understand 理解

forgive 宽恕

keep 继续

举例:

(1) Would you mind turning down your radio a little, please?

(2) The squirrel was lucky that it just missed being caught.

b. 词组后接doing

admit to

prefer…to

be used to

lead to

devote oneself to object to

stick to

be busy

look forward to to为介词)

no good, no use, It's worth…, as well as,

can't help, It's no use /good be tired of

be fond of be capable of be afraid of

be proud of think of / about hold off

put off keep on insist on count on / upon

set about be successful in good at take up

give up burst out prevent … from…

3)作表语

Her job is washing,cleaning and taking care of the children.

动词变动名词的规则是什么?

动名词的规则变化

1 一般情况下,直接在动词后加-ing (现在进行时)work ---- working study ----- studying

2 动词以不发音的-e结尾,要去-e加-ing take ----- taking make ----- making

3 重读闭音节的动词,要双写词尾字母,再加-ing cut ----- cutting put begin

4 以-ie结尾的动词,把变成y再加-ing lie ----- lying tie ----- tying die ----- dying

动名词ING形式的变化规律

一般的是直接加ing

对于元音加辅音字母的单词

双写辅音字母 再加ing

元音有:

TAG: 动名词