高中英语词组大全带中文 高中必背500个短语


高中英语词组大全带中文 高中必背500个短语




Unit One

1. What is sb. like? 某人是个什么样子? What does sb. look like?某人看起来是个什么样子?What does sb. like? 某人喜欢什么? How does sb like/find sth? 某人认为某物怎么办?What do you think of sth.? 某人认为某物怎么办?

2. argue with sb. about sth 因…和某人争执

3. enjoy/hate sth/ doing sth

4. so / nor/ neither + 系动/助动/情动 + 主语

So it is with...; It is the same with...

5. be into 对…深感兴趣 =be interested in; have/show interest in

5. be fond of 喜欢 care for; like; enjoy;

6. surf the internet 上网冲浪

7. all the time 一直 总是

8. cast away 抛弃

9. imagine that...; imagine (sb/sb’s) doing sth

imagine sb to be 想像某人是

10. so…that…/such…that… 如此…以致…

So excited was he that he could not speak.

It was such a lovely day/ so lovely a day that we decided to go outing.

It is amusing that such little birds eat so much food.

10. survive the crash 在空难中幸存

11. a deserted island 荒岛

12. all alone 独自 = all by oneself

alone 单独的;独自的 lonely 孤独的;寂寞的

13. hunt for 搜寻 寻找 search for;

14. make fire 生火

15. in order to 为了 so as to; in order that; so that

16. even though/even if 即使,纵然 as if / as though

17. treat…as/like… 把…当作 regard...as...; think of...as

18. share sth. with sb. 与…分享 share (in) sth 分享

19. care about/for 关心,照顾,喜欢

care to do sth 愿意做;

care for sb to do sth 愿意某人做

care + 从句 愿意;介意

20. should have done 本来应该 =ought to have done

21. make friends with 与…交朋友

22. such as 例如 for example;for instance

23. keep...as a pet

24. regard ...as...; treat...as; think of...as; consider...as/to be

25. be loyal to; be faithful to;be devoted to 忠诚于

26. be quick in mind and action 思维敏捷行动迅速

27. have fun; enjoy oneself; have a wonderful time

28. drop me a line 给某人写短信

29. keep…in mind 把…记住 learn...by heart; remember

30. in error / by mistake 由于错误或疏忽

31. tie up (one’s hair) 扎起来 do up

32. run into 偶然遇见; 遭遇;与...相撞

come across; meet by chance; happen to meet

33. be proud of 以…而感骄傲 take pride in

34. run a restaurant 开餐馆 start a restaurant run a business 做生意

35. skip classes 逃课

36. keep an eye on 照顾; 注视;stare at 盯着看

37. make fun of 取笑某人; laugh at

38. It is possible (for sb) to do;

It is possible/probable/likely that...

Sb. + is (most) likely to do sth. Sth. + is probable

39. be curious about 对…感到好奇 be curious that... have the curiosity about

40. have problems with 在... 有问题

41. even if you are thousand miles apart即使你们分别在几千英里

42. despite = in spite of 尽管;不管 regardless of

43. the Pacific Ocean; the Atlantic Ocean; the Indian Ocean; the arctic Ocean;

Unit 2

1. for the first time 第一次;首先 at first; first of all

2. have a good flight (坐飞机)旅途愉快

3. all the way 一路

4. at all(否定:根本;疑问:到底;条件:竟然)above all 首先;首要的

after all 毕竟; in all 总共

5. make oneself at home 不拘束, 别客气

6. There you are. 你来了。 Here you are. 给你。

7. all around the world 世界各地 throughout the world

8. the majority of 大多数的 the minority of

9. in total; in all; altogether 总共

10. the number of …的数量 (large; small 谓语动词单数)

a number of 一些; 许多

11. except for 除了. . . 之外; 要不是

except 除了...都; besides 除了...还;except +从句

except (除去)指在整体中除去行为未发生者(不包括在内)

except for (除了有…之外)指在一个整体中除去其中某个或某些因素,前后两个名词性质不同。

except that (除去;除掉) 后接从句,还有except when, except what; except where等

besides (除了…还) 包括在整体之内

but (除了...之外) 和except 同义,与否定词或疑问词连用

11. communicate with sb. 与. . . 交流,联络

12. have a good knowledge of 对. . . 很熟悉; 通晓

13. Ask sb (not) to do sth 请某人做/不做某事

Tell sb (not) to do sth 让某人不做某事

Order sb (not) to do sth 命令某人做/不做某事

13. help sb. with sth 在某方面帮助某人

help (to)do sth; help sb (to)do sth 帮助

assist sb with sth; assist sb to do sth;

assist in doing sth. 协助某人做...

14. stand still 站着不动; stay still; lie still

15. leave the door open 让门一直开着

leave the light on 让灯一直亮着

leave sb doing sth 留置/听任...保持...(做某事)的状态

leave... done 留置/听任...保持...(被...)的状态

16. turn down /up the radio 把收音机声音关小/开大

turn up 出现 turn down 拒绝

turn off / on 关掉/打开

turn in 上缴; turn out 结果是;被证明是

17. stay up 熬夜; 不睡觉

18. come about 发生;happen; take place; break out

19. There is no quick answer to this question.

20. in the same way 用同样的方式 in different ways 不同

in this way 这样 in no way 决不

in the way 挡道;妨碍 out of the way 不挡道

in a way 在某种程度上;在某一点上

on the way 在路上;即将发生

by the way 顺便说/问一下;

by way of 经由;经过

21. stay the same = remain the same. 保持不变

22. at the same time 同时 =meanwhile

23. end up with 以...(形式)告终 begin/start with

end in failure 以失败而告终

24. more or less 或多或少

25. have difficulty/trouble in doing sth 做某事有困难

26. a great many; many a; a great number of (可数)

a great many factories 区分 a great many of the factories

a great deal of; a large amount of; (不可数)

a large quantity of; large quantities of; plenty of; lots of

27. bring in 带来; 引进 bring out 出版;生产;揭露;使……显露

bring about 引起;导致 bring up 抚养;培养

29. shut up 闭嘴

30. pass away 去世

31. promise to do something答应做某事 promise sb to do sth 答应某人做某事

promise that... = make a promise (that)

32. make a decision 做出决定=decide

33. marry sb; 与某人结婚 get married to sb;be married to sb

34. at (the) least 至少 at (the) most 最多

35. a little bit 区分:a little; a bit; a bit of; not a bit ; not a little

36. chat on line 网上聊天

37. stay in touch =keep in touch with sb. 保持联系 keep track of跟踪

get in touch with; 取得联系 lose touch with 失去联系

38. because of 区分 because

thanks to 多亏了 as a result of 由于...的结果

due to 由于,因为 owing to 由于;因为

39. not only... but also.. (用于句首时,前句倒装)

Not only did Xiaohua learn a lot of English from her Canadian teacher, she also became very interested in Canada. (前句倒,后句不倒)

Not only the students but also the teacher doesn’t understand this sentence. (并列主语,不倒装,谓语就近一致)

40. as many as; as much as 和...一样多

as many books as as much money as

His son is as naughty a boy as he used to be when he was young.

41. in the name of 以....的名义

Unit 3

1. consider ...( as/to be)... 认为...是 consider it +n./adj. for sb to do sth

consider doing sth 考虑要做某事 consider +疑问词 + to do sth 考虑...

consider that从句 认为;考虑 in consideration of 报答;由于

take ...into consideration 顾及,考虑到 under consideration 在考虑中,在研究中

2. means of transportation/transport 交通方式

Every possible means has been tried, but none worked.

All possible means have been tried, ... by all means 不惜一切 =in all ways

by this means 用这种方法 =in this way by no means 决不; 一点也不=in no way

by means of 通过, 借助于 = by

3. in time 及时;早晚;总有一天 travel in time 在时空中旅行 on time 准时

in no time 马上;立刻 at that time 那时

at times 有时 for the time being 暂时的

4. prefer sth / to do sth / sb to do sth 更喜欢;较喜欢 prefer doing A to doing B比起B事来,更愿做A事

prefer A to B; 喜欢A 胜于B = like A better than B prefer to do A rather than do B 宁愿做A 而不愿做 B

5. in space 在太空 in outer space 在外部空间

6. get away (from) 摆脱; 离开 break away from 脱离 get rid of 去除

7. more and more 越来越…

8. instead of 代替; 而不是 (区分:instead)rather than

9. try doing 试着做 try to do sth 努力去做;试图作

manage to do sth = succeed in doing sth 设法做到了某事

attempt to do sth; make an attempt to do sth 企图做某事

10. get close to 靠近; 接近

11. experience life 体验生活 experience C.n 经历 U.n.经验

12. take exercise 进行锻炼 have sports; do sport

exercise C.n 练习题 (pl) 体操 U.n 锻炼

13. go for a hike = go hiking 去徒步旅行

14. watch out (for...)留神; 提防

15. protect… from/against … 保护…免受…

16. be careful (not) to do sth 小心(不)做某事

be careful about 注意

be careful with 小心;

17. as with ....也一样 as to / for 至于;关于

18. think about 考虑

think of 想到,想起

think over 仔细考虑

think out 想出

19. go rafting 去漂流

20. unless = if not 除非...否则...

You should not go rafting unless you know how to swim.(条件)


You must not get off the bus until it has stopped.(时间)

How are you getting to the airport? 现在进行时表示的将来

My plane leaves at seven this evening. 一般现在时表示时刻表的将来

21. go on separate holidays 分别去度假

22. in a few days’ time = in a few days =a few days later 几天后 after 和 in 的区分

23. go off to ; be off to 动身去 leave for;

24. see sb off 给某人送行 meet sb 接某人

25. take a taxi to 乘出租车 go to ...by taxi

26. have a nice / pleasant trip/journey 祝旅途愉快

27. say “Hi” to sb. for me 代我向某人问好 give my regards to sb

remember me to sb.

28. The same to you. 我也祝愿你。

对比: It’s the same with... ...也一样 It’s all the same to sb 对某人而言是一样的。

I have the same pencil bag as yours/ you have.

29. in the past 在过去 in the old days

30. at present 目前; at the present time; nowadays

31. in the future 在未来;将来 in future 以后

32. used to do sth 过去常做某事 be used to do sth 被用来做 be used for (doing) sth

be used to sth/doing sth 习惯于 get used to doing

33. combine…with… 把…和…结合起来 (为了共同目的合并)

connect...with/to... 把...和...连接起来 (通过媒介物连接)link...with/to join...to... (直接连接)

34. on (the) one hand… , on the other hand … 一方面…, 另一方面..

35. so that = in order that 为了…; 以便…

36. learn about 了解; 学习有关…知识

37. as well as =and 也; 又;以及 as well = too

38. by doing sth... 通过作某事 by means of doing

39. make money 挣钱; 赚钱 earn money

40. the four of you 你们四个人 four of you 你们其中的四个人

41. prepare ( sth) for... 为…做准备... get ready for prepare sb for sth 使某人为某事做好准备

be well prepared (for); 为...做好了充分的准备=be ready for make preparations for 为...做准备

42. make notes 做笔记 take notes

43. take off (飞机)起飞;脱掉(衣帽鞋)

44. go on holiday 去度假 go to (a place) for a holiday

45. fill…with… 给…充满… be filled with; be full of 充满了

46. the way (in which/that) + 定语从句 the/a way of doing sth = the/a way to do sth 做某事的方法

47. catch up with 赶上 keep up with 跟上;不落后

48. reach out (for sth) 伸手去(拿,碰)

49. pay attention to 注意 focus one’s attention on call /draw/attract one’s attention to 吸引某人的注意力于

50. give away 赠送, 放弃, 泄漏(机密) give up 放弃

give in (to sb) 屈服

give out 分发;发出(光,热,气,味等)give off 发出(光,热,气,味等)

51. come up with 提出;想到(主意)

Unit 4

1. talk about 谈论; 议论 talk with sb; talk of 提到

2. host the 2008 Olympic Games 举办2008年奥运会

3. take place = come about; happen 发生

4. be caught in (a rain; a traffic jam; the earthquake) 偶然遇上(雨,交通堵塞,地震等)

5. create a dialogue = make up a dialogue 编对话

6. play tennis 打网球

7. for fun = as a joke 开玩笑的;不是认真的;为了取乐的

8. I hope so. I hope not.

9. shout /call for help 呼救

10. go on (a) holiday 去度假 go to...for a holiday

on holiday 在度假

11. on fire 着火 catch fire 着火;set fire to=set...on fire 纵火 make fire 生火

12. I'm afraid of +n. 害怕

I'm afraid that... 担心

I'm afraid to do sth 不敢做某事

I'm afraid of doing sth 害怕做某事

I’m afraid so. 恐怕是这样

I'm afraid not. 恐怕不会。

13. a natural disaster 自然灾害

14. hear/see sb. doing sth 听见/看见某人正在做某事hear/ see sb do sth 听见/看见某人做过某事 (五看二听一感觉)

15. look around 环顾; 四处看

16. advance towards 朝…前进

17. before +从句 还没来得及...

18. be upon 逼近; 临近

19. sweep sb down 把...冲到了

20. drag 拖拉(重物);(比较艰难缓慢,有阻力)drag oneself along 拖着沉重的步子走

pull 拉;扯 (应用范围比较广)

pull a tooth 拔牙 pull the door open 拉开门

pull at 拉扯 pull up 拉起来;拉上来

draw 拉(比较从容、平稳不费力) draw one’s attention 吸引注意;draw a conclusion 得出结论

draw back 后退 draw money from bank 从银行取钱

draw near 就要来临;逼近

21. get on one’s feet (艰难的)站起来 get up; stand up

22. hold on to 抓住

23. pull up 拉起来; 拉上来

24. against the wall 倚着墙

25. fight for 为…而战 struggle for 为…而斗争

26. look into 往…里面看; 浏览; 调查

look into one’s eyes 注视着某人 stare at; fix one’s eyes on;

look sb in the mirror 照镜子 look sb up and down 上下打量某人

look sb in the eye(s)/face直视某人

27. with a look of fright 害怕的; 恐惧的

28. around the corner 即将来临,on its way; draw near; in store

29. cut down 砍倒;削减 cut up 切碎 cut off 切断

cut in 插嘴;加塞 cut out 删除;剪下来 cut away 剪掉

30. three meters deep 三米深 three metres in depth

a three-meter-deep hole = a hole of three meters deep

31. sweep away (风) 吹走; (浪) 卷走;sweep down 吹倒; 席卷; 冲倒

32. work out 计算出;想出(办法);制定(计划); work at 从事;致力于 work on 继续工作;从事于

33. refer to 指的是; 谈到;提到;查阅

34. strike,普通用词,“打一下;打几下”,不一定有意;“敲钟”。 hit,“击中,打,对准”,着重敲打或打击对方的某一点 beat,连续的打击; 如殴打或体罚等;游戏竞赛战争中击败 knock 敲;打 ;撞击

35. advance the deadline 提前最后期限;

36. pull at/on 拉一下

37. seize an opportunity/chance 抓住机会 = grasp/take/grab...

chance 可能性 U.n. & C.n

There is a chance/no chance of sb doing sth

The chances/Chances are that... 可能...

by chance 偶然

38. (区分:pay; cost; spend; take)

sb pay money for sth

sth cost sb money

sb spend money on sth; sb spend time/money in doing sth

It takes sb time to do sth

39. in town 在城里 in the country(side) 在乡下 go to town 进城 go to the country(side) 下乡

40. take a photo of sb / sb doing sth 给…照相

41. in a second = in a very shore time

42. a two-day trip 一次两天的旅行

43. the next morning 第二天早上

44. on the morning of April 18th, 1906

45. as a result of 由于…的结果 as a consequence of

46. A +动词/be + ten times larger than+B 比…大十倍

A +动词/be +ten times as large as+B 是…的十倍

A +动词/be +ten times the size of+B 是…的十倍


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