小学常用用英语动词有哪些 英语常用动词2457个


小学常用用英语动词有哪些 英语常用动词2457个


have go like come


clean the floor 扫地

clean the house 打扫房间

collect stamps 集邮

come back 回来

come from 来自……

come here 来这里

come in 进来

come on 过来/加油

come to tea 来喝茶

cook the meal 煮饭

crash into 撞向

dig a hole 挖坑

do housework 做家务

do morning exercises 晨练

do one’s homework 做作业

do some reading 读点书

do sports 做运动

draw a picture 画画

drink some water 喝些水

drive a car 驾车

fall over 跌倒

fill the hole with earth 用泥土填坑

get off 下车

get out of 走出(……之外)

go and have a look 去看一看

go back 回去

go boating 去划船

go fishing 去钓鱼

go for a walk 去散步

go home 回家

go on a diet 节食

go out 出去

go shopping 去购物

go sightseeing 去观光

go skating 去溜冰

go skiing 去滑雪

go straight on 直走

go swimming 去游泳

go to bed 去睡觉

go to school 去上学

go to the cinema 去看电影

go to work 去上班

have a bath 洗澡

have a Chinese lesson 上语文课

have a cold 感冒

have a fever 发烧

have a good time 玩得开心

have a headache 头痛

have a look 看一看

have a picnic 举行野餐活动工

have a rest 休息

have a stomachache 胃痛

have a tooth-ache 牙痛

have a trip 去旅游

have a try 试一试

have been to 到过

have breakfast 吃早餐

have fun 玩得开心

have lunch 吃午饭

have some coke 喝些可乐

have supper/dinner 吃晚饭

have time 有时间

just a minute 等一下

just now 刚才

keep a diary 记日记

let me see 让我想一想/让我看一看

listen to music 听音乐

listen to the CDs 听CD 碟

listen to the radio 听收音机

make friends 交朋友

make the bed 整理床铺

mark the pupils’ homework批改作业

next to 下一个

no problem 没问题

paint a picture 涂画

pick up 捡起

plant trees 种树

play badminton 打羽毛球

play basketball 打篮球

play cards 打牌

play football 踢足球

play games 玩游戏

play table tennis 打乒乓球

play tennis 打网球

play the guitar 弹吉他

play the piano 弹钢琴

put away 放好

put on 穿上

put the tree into the hole 把树放进洞里

ride a bike 骑自行车

see a film 看电影

surf the Net 上网

take a message 传递信息

take exercise 进行锻炼

take medicine 服药

take off 脱下

take photos 照相

turn off 关闭

turn on 打开

wait a moment 稍等一下

wait for 等候

wash clothes 洗衣服

wash dishes 洗碟子

watch a football match 看足球赛

watch TV 看电视

water the flower 浇花

water the tree 浇树

write a letter 写信


一. 词汇

⑴ 单词

1. 介词:in, on, under, behind, near, at, of

1). in表示"在……中", "在……内"。例如:

in our class 在我们班上

in my bag 在我的书包里

in the desk 在桌子里

in the classroom 在教室里

2). on 表示"在……上"。例如:

on the wall 在墙上

on the desk 在桌子上

on the blackboard 在黑板上

3). under表示"在……下"。例如:

under the tree 在树下

under the chair 在椅子下

under the bed 在床下

4). behind表示"在……后面"。例如:

behind the door 在门后

behind the tree 在树后

5). near表示"在……附近"。例如:

near the teacher's desk 在讲桌附近

near the bed 在床附近

6). at表示"在……处"。例如:

at school 在学校

at home 在家

at the door 在门口

7). of 表示"……的"。例如:

a picture of our classroom 我们教室的一幅画

a map of China 一张中国地图

2. 冠词 a / an / the:

冠词一般位于所限定的名词前,用来署名名词所指的人或事物。冠词有不定冠词和定冠词两种。不定冠词有两个形式,即a和an。a用在以辅音音素开头的词前,如a book; an用在以元音音素开头的字母前,如an apple.


This is a cat.


It's an English book.


His father is a worker.



Who's the boy in the hat?


------ What can you see in the classroom?

------ I can see a bag.

------ Where's the bag?

------ It's on the desk.

------- 你能在教室里看到什么呀?

------ 我能看见一个书包。

------ 书包在哪呀?

------ 在桌子上。



There are some books on the desk.桌子上有一些书。

Lucy has some good books露西有一些好书。


Is there any ink in your pen?你的钢笔里有墨水吗?

Do you have any brothers and sisters?你有兄弟姐妹吗?

There isn't any water in the glass.杯子里没有水。



Would you like to have some apples?你想吃苹果吗?


Any one of us can do this.我们当中任何一个都能做这个。

some 和any的用法是经常出现的考点,希望大家能准确地掌握它们的用法。


family看作为一个整体时,意思是"家庭",后面的谓语动词be用单数形式 is ;如把family看作为家庭成员时,应理解为复数,后面的谓语动词be应用are。

My family is a big family. 我的家庭是个大家庭。

My family are all at home now. 我的家人现在都在家。

Family强调由家人组成的一个集体或强调这个集体中的成员。home指个人出生、被抚养长大的环境和居住地点。 house指"家"、"房屋",侧重居住的建筑本身。

His family are all workers. 他的家人都是工人。

My home is in Beijing. 我的家在北京。

He isn't at home now. 他现在不在家。

It's a picture of my family. 这是一张我全家的照片。

5. little的用法

a little dog 一只小狗,a little boy 一个小男孩。little常用来修饰有生命的名词。


There is little time. 几乎没时间了。

There is little water in the cup. 杯中水很少。

⑵ 词组

on the desk 在桌子上

behind the chair 在椅子后

under the chair 在椅子下面

in her pencil-box 在她的铅笔盒中

near the door 在门附近

a picture of a classroom 一个教室的图片

look at the picture 看这张图片

the teacher's desk 讲桌

a map of China 一张中国地图

family tree 家谱

have a seat 坐下,就坐

this way 这边走

二. 日常用语

1. Come and meet my family.

2. Go and see. I think it's Li Lei.

3. Glad to meet you.

4. What can you see in the picture?

I can see a clock / some books.

5. Can you see an orange?

Yes, I can. / No, I can't.

6. Where's Shenzhen?

It's near Hong Kong.

7. Let me see.(口语)让我想想看。

see 在这是"明白、懂了",不可译作"看见"。例如:

8. Please have a seat.

seat表示"座位",是个名词。have a seat表示"就坐",也可以说take a seat, 和sit down的意思相同。

三. 语法

1. 名词所有格


(1). 一般情况下在词尾加"'s"。例如:

Kate's father Kate的爸爸

my mother's friend 我妈妈的朋友

(2). 如果复数名词以s结尾,只加"'"。例如:

Teachers' Day 教师节

The boys' game 男孩们的游戏

(3). 如果复数名词不以s结尾,仍加"'s"。例如:

Children's Day 儿童节

Women's Day 妇女节

(4). 表示两个或几个共有时,所有格应加在后一个名词上。例如:

Lucy and Lily's room Lucy 和Lily的房间

Kate and Jim's father Kate 和Jim的爸爸


a map of China 一幅中国地图

the name of her cat 她的猫的名字

a picture of my family 我的家庭的一张照片

the door of the bedroom 卧室的门

2. 祈使句

祈使句主要用来表示说话人的请求、命令、建议、叮嘱等意图。祈使句一般不用主语,读时用降调。为使语气委婉、礼貌,常在句首或句尾加please 。在句尾时,please前多用逗号。

(1). 祈使句肯定形式的谓语动词一律用动词原形。

Go and see. 去看看。

Come in, please. 请进。

(2). 祈使句的否定形式常用don't于句首。

Don't look at your books. 不要看书。

Don't play on the road. 不要在马路上玩。

3. There be 的句子结构

There be是一个"存在"句型,表示"有"的意思,

肯定句的形式为:There be + 名词(单数或复数)+地点状语或时间状语。


There is an eraser and two pens on the desk. 桌子上有一块橡皮和两支钢笔。

There are two pens and an eraser on the desk. 桌上有两支钢笔和一块橡皮。

(1)there be的否定句,即在be的后面加上not。

否定形式为:There be + not + (any) + 名词+地点状语。

There is not any cat in the room. 房间里没猫。

There aren't any books on the desk. 桌子上没书。

(2)there be句型的疑问句就是将be提到句首:Be there + (any) +名词+地点状语?肯定回答:Yes, there is / are. 否定回答:No, there isn't / aren't.

---Is there a dog in the picture? 画上有一只狗吗?

---Yes, there is. 有。

---Are there any boats in the river? 河里有船吗?

---No, there aren't. 没有。

(3)特殊疑问句:How many . . . are there (+地点状语)?"某地有多少人或物?"回答用There be . . .

There's one. / There are two / three / some . . .

有时直接就用数字来回答。One. / Two . . .

---How many students are there in the classroom? 教室里有多少学生?

---There's only one. / There are nine. 只有一个。/有九个。

(4)如果名词是不可数名词,用:How much + 不可数名词 + is there + 地点状语?

How much water is there in the cup? 杯中有多少水?

How much food is there in the bowl? 碗里有多少食物?


answer the phone 接电话

become 变成

buy 购买

catch butterflies 捉蝴蝶

clean the bedroom 打扫卧室

clean the room 打扫房间

clean 打扫,清洁

climb mountains 爬山

climb 往上爬

collect leaves 收集树叶

collect stamps 收集邮票

come from 来自,从……来

come out 露出,出现

come 来

cook dinner 做饭

cook the meals 做饭

count insects 数昆虫

dive 跳水

do an experiment 做实验

do homework 做作业

do housework 做家务

do morning exercises 晨练

do the dishes 洗碗碟

draw pictures 画画

drink 喝水

drive 驾驶

eat breakfast 吃早饭  

eat dinner 吃晚饭

eat 吃

empty the trash 倒垃圾

enjoy 从……获得乐趣

fall 落下,跌落

feel 感觉到

fight 打架  

find 寻找  

fly kites 放风筝


get off 下车  

get to 到达    

get up 起床

go hiking 去远足    

go home 回家

go shopping 购物

go to bed 上床睡觉

go to school 上学

go to the cinema 去看电影

go to work 上班

go 去

have a look 看一看

have a picnic 举行野餐

have art class 上美术课

have breakfast 吃早餐

have Chinese class 上语文课

have dinner 吃晚饭

have English class 上英语课

have lunch 吃午餐

have math class 上数学课

have music class 上音乐课

have P.E. class 上体育课

have science class 上科学课

have 吃

help 帮助

jump 跳

know 知道

leave 离开

like 喜欢

listen to music 听音乐

live 居住

look at 看……

look for 寻找

love 爱,热爱

make a snowman 堆雪人

make kites 制作风筝

make the bed 铺床

meet 遇到,碰见


pick up leaves采摘树叶

plant trees种树

play chess下起

play football踢足球

play ping-pong 打乒乓球

play sports 进行体育活动

play the piano 弹钢琴

play the violin 拉小提琴

play with ……玩……

put away the clothes 收拾衣服


read a book 看书

read a magazine 阅读杂志

read books 看书

read 读,看

remember 记住

ride a bike 骑自行车

run 跑

say 说,讲

see 看见

send 寄,发送

set the table 摆餐具

show 展示

skate 滑冰

sleep 睡觉

speak 说话,讲话

stop 停

sweep the floor 扫地

swim 游泳

swing 荡秋千  

take a trip 去旅行

take pictures 照相

take 乘坐

teach 教

tell 告诉,说

think 想,思考

try 尝试,试一下

use a computer 使用计算机

use 使用

visit grandparents 看望(外)祖父母

wait 等

wake up 醒,醒来

walk 走

wash the clothes 洗衣服

wash the windows 擦窗户

watch insects 观察昆虫

watch TV 看电视

watch 看

water the flowers 浇花

welcome 欢迎

work 工作

write a letter 写信

write a report 写报告

write an e-mail 写电子邮件

TAG: 动词