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英语的语态有多少种 英语的基本句型有哪些

JEREMIAH

目录

英语的语态有多少种 英语的基本句型有哪些

英语的语态有哪些

英语 语态 只有2 种: 主动 被动

英语 时态 共有16种

英语中有两种语态:主动语态和被动语态.

主动语态表示主语是动作的执行者.[巧记为:主动,主动,主去动.]

例如:Many people speak English.

谓语:speak的动作是由主语many people来执行的.

被动语态表示主语是动作的承受者,即行为动作的对象.[巧记为:被动,被动,主被动.]

例如:English is spoken by many people.主语English是动词speak的承受者.

主动态和被动态指的是动词形式,是词法概念;

而主动句和被动句则指的是句子结构,从而是句法概念.

所谓主动句就是由主动态动词(词组)作谓语动词的句子,

而被动句则是由被动态动词(词组)作谓语动词的句子.

例如:

He opened the door.他开了门.(主动句)

The door was opened.门被开了.(被动句)

被动语态由"助动词be+及物动词的过去分词"构成.

人称,数和时态的变化是通过be的变化表现出来的.

现以teach为例说明被动语态在各种时态中的构成.

一般现在时:am/is/are+taught

一般过去时:was/were+taught

一般将来时:will/shall be+taught

现在进行时:am/is/are being+taught

过去进行时:have/has been+taught

现在完成时:have/has been+taught

歌诀是:被动语态be字变,过去分词跟后面.

英语中有多少种时态、语态?分别是什么?是不是有22种?

1. 英语时态分为 16 种,分别是一般现在时,一般过去时,一般将来时,一般过去将来时;

现在进行zd时,过去进行时,将来进行时,过去将来进行时;

现在完成时,过去完成时,将来完成时,过去将来完成时;

现在完成进行时,过去完成进行时,将来完成进行时,过去将来完成进行时.

2. 英语语态分为 2 种,分别是主动语态和被动语态

英语语法中有几种语态``??

展开全部

被动语态:

1:英语中语态有两种:主动语态和被动语态。

语态的作用:语态是动词的一种形式,用来说明主语和谓语之间的关系。

语态的选用:如果主语是动作的执行者,谓语用主动语态。

例如:We clean the room every day.

如果主语是动作的承受者,或者说是动作的对象,谓语则是要用被动语态。

例如:The room is cleaned every day.

被动语态由“助动词be + 急务动词的过去分词”构成。助动词be 有人称、数和事态的变化,其变化规则与be 作为连系动词时完全一样。

2:被动语态的各种形式

1) am/is/are +done

eg1:I'm asked to take care of myself. Football is played all over the world.

eg2:Football is not played all over the world.

eg3: Is football played all over the world?

这些玩具是中国制造的。

这个小偷是在那家超级市场被抓住的。

2)has /have been done

eg1:This book has been translated (翻译) into many foreign languages.

eg2:This book has not been translated into many foreign languages.

eg3: Has this book been translated into many foreign languages?

那两把伞已经送给了我父母。

今天这首歌已经被唱了几次了?

3)am/is /are being done

eg1:A road is being built around the mountain.

eg2:A road is not being built around the mountain.

eg3: Is a road being built around the mountain?

我们不能搬进新房间因为它正在油漆。

4) was/were done

eg1:This house was built in 1958.

eg2:This house was not built in 1958.

eg3: Was this house built in 1958?

昨天上午这条裙子被卖走了。

我的书在哪里?刚才它被放在桌子上得。

5) was/were being done

eg1:Meeting was being held when I was there.

eg2:Meeting was not being held when I was there.

eg3: Was meeting being held when you were there?

6) shall/will be done

eg1:He will be taken to hospital tomorrow.

eg2:He will not be taken to hospital tomorrow.

eg3: Will he be taken to hospital tomorrow?

动物园的动物马上要喂养了。

英语中的16种语态有哪几种?

一、 一般现在时:

1.概念:经常、反复发生的动作或行为及现在的某种状况。

2.时间状语: always, usually, often, sometimes, every week (day, year, month…), once a week, on Sundays,

3.基本结构:动词 原形 (如主语为第三人称单数,动词上要改为第三人称单数形式)

4.否定形式:am/is/are

+not;此时态的谓语动词若为行为动词,则在其前加don't,如主语为第三人称单数,则用doesn't,同时还原行为动词。

5.一般疑问句:把be动词放于句首;用助动词do提问,如主语为第三人称单数,则用does,同时,还原行为动词。

6.例句:. It seldom snows here.

He is always ready to help others.

Action speaks louder than words.

二、 一般过去时:

1.概念:过去某个时间里发生的动作或状态;过去习惯性、经常性的动作、行为。

2.时间状语:ago, yesterday, the day before yesterday, last week,last(year, night, month…), in 1989, just now, at the age of 5, one day, long long ago, once upon a time, etc.

3.基本结构:be动词;行为动词 的过去式

4.否定形式:was/were+not;在行为动词前加didn't,同时还原行为动词。

5.一般疑问句:was或were放于句首;用助动词do的过去式did 提问,同时还原行为动词。

6.例句:She often came to help us in those days.

I didn't know you were so busy.

三、 现在进行时:

1.概念:表示现阶段或说话时正在进行的动作及行为。

2.时间状语:now, at this time, these days, etc.

3.基本结构:am/is/are+doing

4.否定形式:am/is/are+not+doing.

5.一般疑问句:把be动词放于句首。

6.例句: How are you feeling today?

He is doing well in his lessons.

四、 过去进行时:

1.概念:表示过去某段时间或某一时刻正在发生或进行的行为或动作。

2.时间状语:at this time yesterday, at that time或以when引导的谓语动词是一般过去时的时间状语等。

3.基本结构:was/were+doing

4.否定形式:was/were + not + doing.

5.一般疑问句:把was或were放于句首。

6.例句:At that time she was working in a PLA unit.

When he came in, I was reading a newspaper.

五、 现在完成时:

1.概念:过去发生或已经完成的动作对现在造成的影响或结果,或从过去已经开始,持续到现在的动作或状态。

2.时间状语:recently, lately, since…for…,in the past few years, etc.

3.基本结构:have/has + done

4.否定形式:have/has + not +done.

5.一般疑问句:have或has。

6.例句:I've written an article.

The countryside has changed a lot in the past few years.

六、 过去完成时:

1.概念:以过去某个时间为标准,在此以前发生的动作或行为,或在过去某动作之前完成的行为,即“过去的过去”。

2.时间状语:before, by the end of last year(term, month…),etc.

3.基本结构:had + done.

4.否定形式:had + not + done.

5.一般疑问句:had放于句首。

6.例句:As soon as we got to the station, the train had left.

By the end of last month. We had reviewed four books

七、 一般将来时:

1.概念:表示将要发生的动作或存在的状态及打算、计划或准备做某事。

2.时间状语:tomorrow, next day(week, month, year…),soon, in a few minutes, by…,the day after tomorrow, etc.

3.基本结构:am/is/are/going to + do;will/shall + do.

4.否定形式:was/were + not; 在行为动词前加didn't,同时还原行为动词。

5.一般疑问句:be放于句首;will/shall提到句首。

6.例句:They are going to have a competition with us in studies.

It is going to rain.

八、 过去将来时:

1.概念:立足于过去某一时刻,从过去看将来,常用于宾语从句中。

2.时间状语:the next day(morning, year…),the following month(week…),etc.

3.基本结构:was/were/going to + do;would/should + do.

4.否定形式:was/were/not + going to + do;would/should + not + do.

5.一般疑问句:was或were放于句首;would/should 提到句首。

6.例句:He said he would go to Beijing the next day.

I asked who was going there .

九.将来完成时:

1.概念:在将来某一时刻之前开始的动作或状态

2.时间状语:by the time of;by the end of+时间短语(将来);by the time+从句(将来)

3.基本结构:be going to/will/shall + have done

十.现在完成进行时:

1.概念:在过去某一时刻之前开始的动作或状态一直持续到说话为止

2.基本结构:have/has +been+doing

几种常见时态的相互转换

英语中的几种时态在一定情况下可以互相转换,以下是几种常见的转换形式:

十一、 一般过去时与现在完成时的转换

在现在完成时中,延续性动词能与表示一段时间的状语连用,瞬间动词却不能。但是,可用别的表达方式:①瞬间动词用于“一段时间 + ago”的一般过去时的句型中;②瞬间动词可改成与之相对应的延续性动词及短语,与一段时间连用;③瞬间动词用于“It is + 一段时间 + since + 一般过去时”的句型中,表示“自从……以来有……时间”的意思,主句一般用it is来代替It has been;④瞬间动词用于“Some time has passed since + 一般过去时”的句型中。请看:

A. He joined the League two years ago.

B. He has been in the League for two years.

C. It is two years since he joined the League.

D. Two years has passed since he joined the League.

十二、 一般现在时与现在进行时的转换

在一般现在时中,at加上名词表示“处于某种状态”,如at work(在工作), at school(上学、上课)等。此短语可与进行时态转换。请看:

Peter is at work, but Mike is at play.

Peter is working, but Mike is playing.

十三、 现在进行时与一般将来时的转换

在现在进行时态中go, come, leave, start, arrive等动词常与表示将来的时间状语连用表示将要发生的动作。如:I am coming, Mum! 意为“我就来,妈妈!”请看:

The train is leaving soon.

The train will leave soon.

十六种时态

一般现在时,一般过去时,一般将来时,一般过去将来时;

现在进行时,过去进行时,将来进行时,过去将来进行时;

现在完成时,过去完成时,将来完成时,过去将来完成时;

现在完成进行时,过去完成进行时,将来完成进行时,过去将来完成进行时.

英语语态共有几种,求详解,给好评!!

英语中最复杂的就是动词,动词只有两种形式,一种就是动词的时态,另外就是动词的语态。语态只有主动和被动两种,你可以类比与小学语文的把子句和被子句一起来理解。判断被动语态主要是看主语和谓语动词间的主被动关系。如果被动关系确立,那么谓语动词就要用被动语态。被动语态的结构是 be done by 。但是我先前也提到了谓语动词首先注意的是时态。所以你还要判断谓语动词的时态,在将时态与语态相结合,也就是我要讲的 被动语态在各个时态中的应运了。

一般现在时:am/is/are+spoken一般过去时:was/were+spoken一般将来时:will/shall be+spoken现在进行时:am/is/are being+spoken过去进行时:have/has been+spoken现在完成时:have/has been+spoken过去完成时:had been + spoken

被动语态中还有一些细节;譬如有些词在做不及物动词时,主动表被动如役使动词和感官动词。

TAG: 语态