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七年级动词过去式变化规则 七年级动词过去式大全表

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七年级动词过去式变化规则 七年级动词过去式大全表

英语七年级上册,过去式由i变为a不规则,动词的过去式有哪些

规则动词的过去式变化如下:1、一般情况下,动词词尾加 -ed ,如:work ---worked play---played wanted----wanted act----acted 2、以不发音的 -e 结尾动词,动词词尾加 -d,如:live---lived move----moved taste---tasted hope---hoped 3、以辅音字母 + y结尾的动词,把-y变为-i 再加-ed,如:study---studied copy---copied cry---cried carry---carried 4、以一个辅音字母结尾的重读闭音节动词,双写词尾辅音字母,再加 -ed,如:stop ---stopped 5、不规则动词的过去式变化规律性不强,须多加记忆.go – went make – made get – got buy - bought come - came fly-flew 不规则动词的过去式的构成 1.把动词原形中的i改为a,变成过去式.如:begin—began,drink—drank,give—gave,ring—rang,sing—sang,sit—sat,swim—swam 2.把重读开音节中的i改为o,变成过去式.如:drive—drove,ride—rode,write—wrote 3.改动词原形中的aw /ow为ew,变成过去式.如:draw—drew,grow—grew,know—knew,throw—threw(动词show除外,show—showed) 4.动词原形中的e改为o,变成过去式.如:get—got,forget—forgot 5.动词原形中的ee改为e,变成过去式.如:feed—fed,meet—met 6.动词原形中的eep改为ept,变成过去式.如:keep—kept,sleep—slept,sweep—swept 7.动词原形中的eak改为oke,变成过去式.如:break—broke,speak—spoke 8.动词原形中的ell改为old,变成过去式.如:sell—sold,tell—told 9.动词原形中的an改为oo,变成过去式.如:stand—stood,understand—understood 10.以ought和aught结尾,且读音是〔 :t〕的过去式.如:bring—brought,buy— bought,think—thought,catch—caught,teach—taught 11.以ould结尾且读音为〔ud〕的情态动词过去式.如:can—could,shall—should,will—would 12.把动词原形中的o改为a,变成过去式.如:come—came,become—became 13.在动词原形后加d或t变成过去式,并且发生音变.如:hear〔hi 〕—heard〔h :d〕,say〔sei〕—said〔sed〕,mean〔mi:n〕—meant〔ment〕 14.动词的过去式与动词原形一样.如:let—let,must—must,put—put,read—read〔red〕 15.不符合上述规律的动词过去式.如:am,is—was,are—were,build—built,do—did,eat—ate,fall—fell,feel—felt,find—found,fly—flew,go—went,have /has— had,hold—held,leave—left,make—made,may—might,run—ran,see—saw,take—took 过去式“-ed”的发音规则 (1)动词词尾为“t,d”时,发/ id /音,want →wanted (要)need →needed (需要) (2)动词词尾为清辅音时,发/ t / 音.help →helped (帮助)laugh →laughed (笑)look →looked (看) kiss →kissed (吻)wash →washed (洗) watch →watched (注视) (3)动词词尾为t,d以外之浊辅音或元音时,发/ d /音.call →called (叫)stay→stayed (停留)cry→cried (哭)

七年级下册 英语动词过去式七年级下册 英语动词过去式,拜托了,急,急,急... ... ... ... ///

看看吧 貌似有用 不规则动词表

  1)A---A---A型(现在式、过去式和过去分词同形,保持不变,除进行式外)   词例:   动词原形 过去式 过去分词 意思

cost cost cost 花费

cut cut cut 割,切

hit hit hit 打

put put put 放下

read # read read 读

hurt hurt hurt 受伤

let let let 让

 # “Read” 的“过去式”和“过去分词”的读音和动词原型的不同。   2) A---A---B型(现在式和过去式同形)   词例:   动词原型 过去式 过去分词 意思

beat beat beaten 打

 3) A---B---A型(现在式和过去分词同形)   词例:   动词原形 过去式 过去分词 意思

come came come 来到

become became become 变

run ran run 跑

overcome overcame overcome 征服,打败

 4)A---B---B型(过去式与过去分词同形)   分为以下情形:   ① 在动词原形后加一个辅音字母d或t。   词例:   动词原形 过去式 过去分词 意思

burn burnt burnt 燃烧

learn learned / learnt learned / learnt 学习

mean meant meant 含义

hear heard heard 听见

 ② 把动词原形的最后一个辅音字母“d”改为“t”。   词例:   动词原形 过去式 过去分词 意思

build built built 建筑

lend lent lent 借

send sent sent 传送

spend spent spent 花费

 ③ 其他不规则的各种变化。   词例:   动词原形 过去式 过去分词 意思 动词原形 过去式 过去分词 意思

pay paid paid 付钱 lay laid laid 下蛋

say said said 说 bring brought brought 带来

buy bought bought 买 fight fought fought 战斗

think thought thought 思考 sleep slept slept 睡觉

feel felt felt 感觉 keep kept kept 保持

sweep swept swept 扫 stand stood stood 站

understand understood understood 理解 win won won 胜利

catch caught caught 抓住 teach taught taught 教

find found found 发现 get got got 得到

hold held held 握 leave left left 离开

make made made 制造 meet met met 遇见

shoot shot shot 射击 dig dug dug 挖

smell smelt / smelled smelt / smelled 嗅,闻 shine shone / shined shone / shined 发光

sit sat sat 坐下 have had had 有

 5)A---B---C型(三词不同形)   分为以下情形:   ① 在动词原形后加-n或-en 构成过去分词 。   动词原形 过去式 过去分词 意思 动词原形 过去式 过去分词 意思

eat ate eaten 吃 fall fell fallen 落下

give gave given 给 take took taken 拿,记录,拍摄

see saw seen 看见 write wrote written 写

ride rode ridden 骑 drive drove driven 驾驶

throw threw thrown 抛,扔 blow blew blown 吹

grow grew grown 生长 know knew known 知道

show showed shown 展示 draw drew drawn 拉,绘画,抽签

 ② 过去式加-n或-en构成过去分词。   动词原形 过去式 过去分词 意思

speak spoke spoken 说话

break broke broken 破碎

choose chose chosen 选择

forget forgot forgotten 忘记

freeze froze frozen 凝固

 ③ 把单词在重读音节中的元音字母“i”变成“a”(过去式)和“u”(过去分词)。   动词原形 过去式 过去分词 意思

begin began begun 开始

ring rang rung 按铃

sing sang sung 唱

sink sank sunk 沉

swim swam swum 游泳

drink drank drunk 喝

 ④ 其他不规则动词的变化。   动词原形 过去式 过去分词 意思

be (am, is) was been 是

be (are) were been 是

do did done 做

go went gone 去

lie lay lain 躺

wear wore worn 穿

我今年暑假要学,正好预习!\(^o^)/偶也!!!!!!!

TAG: 动词