Mark Twain’s First Money
Mark Twain was asked one day if he could remember the first money he ever earned.
He thought a long time and then said , “Yes, it was at school. I can remember everything about it . School boys in those days did not take good care of their chairs and desks. There was a rule in our school that if anyone damaged his desk or chair, he would have to pay five dollars or the teacher would beat him in front of the whole school.”
“One day I damaged my desk in some way, I had to pay five dollars or be beaten before the whole school. My father said it would be too bad to have our family disagraced in front of the whole school. He agreed to give me five dollars to hand over the teacher. But before he gave me the money, he took me upstairs and gave me a beating.”
“But as I had one beating and I decided I would take another beating at school and keep the five dollars. So that’s what I did. That was the first money I ever earned.”
1. Mark Twain earned his first money _________.
A.when he was a pupil B.when he became a writer
C.when he taught at a school D.when he was beaten by his father
2. The school made the rule so that they could_____.
A. teach the students well
B. give the students a beating
C. keep the desks and chairs well
D. ask the students for more money
3.Mark Twain’s father______.
A. was happy to give him the money
B. got angry when he knew what Mark Twain had done at school
C. said sorry to the teacher when he heard the news
D. agreed to beat Mark Twain and then give him the money
4.Mark Twain’s father thought if he gave Mark Twain the money______.
E. he would not be beaten in front of the whole school
F. he would go to the school again
G. he would never do that again
H. he would earn the money
5. Mark Twain was beaten_______.
A.at home B.only by his father
C.at school D.both at school and at home
A. gave the money to the teacher
B. bought a desk for the school
C. asked his father to go upstairs
D. kept the money for himself
7.Mark Twain’f father neat him because________.
A. he wanted to teach the boy a lesson
B. he didn’t want the boy to be beaten by the teacher
C. he didn’t want to give him the money
D. he didn’t want to have his family disagraced
Key:1.A 2.C 3.B 4.A 5.D 6.D 7.D
Can you imagine what Edison's life was like in the years after he had invented the electric lamp?
Many things had to be invented and built before the electric lamp could really be used by all.
Everything that was needed had to be thought of and built by Edison and the men who worked with him. There was no place where they could buy the things they needed. Edison made 360 inventions more in order to send electric power to wherever it was wanted.
Edison directed all the work himself: testing new machines, pulling wires under ground, fixing lights, and so on. He seemed to be everywhere at the same time. He wanted his men to do as much work as he did. But he never asked them to do things that he himself would not do or could not do.
He had never thought much about regular hours for sleep; he often forgot completely about sleeping. He slept for a few minutes at a time, in the middle of the night, in an underground room at his power station, with a metal box as his bed. During these days, he almost never saw his wife and children.
Everyone probably expected that Edison enjoyed his success when his work was completed. However, he did not notice at all the money and honor he received, because soon he became interested in other ideas.
1. After Edison invented electric lamp, he _____.
A. did nothing B. built many things
C. stopped inventing things D. needed nothing
2. Who thought of and built everything which was needed?
A. Edison B. The men C. His wife D. His children
3. Edison never asked his men to do _____ .
A. as much work as he did B. what he would do
C. what he could do D. what he would not do or couldn't do
4. Edison had never thought much about regular hours for sleep. It means _____.
A. Edison never forgot about sleeping
B. Edison often kept regular hours for sleeping
C. Edison never kept regular hours for sleeping
D. Edison sometimes forgot about sleeping
5. Which of the following is true?
A. Edison became interested in money.
B. Edison liked money and honour.
C. Edison was a great American inventor .
D. Edison was a great English inventor.
Key: 1.B 2. A 3 D. 4.C 5.C
Alex Harley was born in the northeast of New York in 1921,but he spent most of his early life with his mother’s family . Their history,she said,began with Toby. He was a slave from Africa and his name was Kintay.
Alex Harley went to school and then to college .In 1939 ,he joined the US coastguard. As he was a Black ,his job was to wait on tables and washed dishes. In his spare time,he learned to write stories. He served in the coastguard for 20 years. . After he retired he put all his time into writing.
Alex Harley remembered the stories his grandmother had told him. He began to study his family story. After a lot of research, Harley decided that Toby probably was Kinta Kinte for the West African Mandingo people. Kinta Kinte was caught near the Village of Juffure on the Gambia River. He was sold as a slave in Annapolis, Maryland in 1767 . Then Harley made a trip to Gambia and talked with a history expert in Juffure. The African historian made his conclusion stronger.
Alex Harley wanted to tell the experiences of the Black people in 18th-and-19th-century America. He spent 10 years researching and writing his family story for the book “Roots”, It was published in 1979. It won a special Pulizer Prize. A few years later, a film series based on Harley’s book was shown on American television.
1. Choose the right order of the events given in the passage.
a. He made a trip to Gambia.
b. Alex Harley knew the stories about their family
c. Kntay l;ived near the Gambia River.
d. Harley retired from the US coastguard.
e. Toby was sold as a slave
f. Hebegan to stuey his family history.
A. e,c,b ,f,d,a B.. c,e,b,d,f,a
C. e,b,d,c,a,f D. c,b,d,e,a,f
2. Where did Harley spend most of this childhood?
A.In Gambia B.In the north of the US
C.In Maryland D.In the south of America
3. When did Harley learn to write stories?
A.In 1959 B.After 1921
C.Before 1939 D.In the army
4. Which conclusion did he draw after doing a lot of research?
A. Toby was a history expert.
B. Toby’s hometown was near Gambia River.
C. Toby was an African historian.
D. Toby’s hometown was Annapolis.
5. Which of the following might have happened after watching “Roots” on TV?
A. Every American talking about their family story.
B. None of the Americans talking about their family history.
C. Many Americans became interested in researching their family history.
D. Only the Black people became interested in researching their family history.
Key: 1.B 2.D 3.A 4 B 5.C
About the year 1900, a small, dark haired boy named Charlie Chaplin was often seen waiting outside the back entrances of London theaters. He looked thin and hungry. He was hoping to get work in show business. He could sing and dance, and above all ,he knew how to make people laugh. But he couldn’t get work and therefore wandered about the city streets. Sometimes he was sent away to a home for children who had no parents.
But twenty years later this same Chaplin became the greatest, best known ,and best loved comedian in the world. Any regular visitor to the cinema must have seen some of Charlie Chaplin’s films. People everywhere have sat and laughed at them until the tears ran down their faces. Even people who don’t understand English can enjoy Chaplin’s films because they are mostly silent. It isn’t what he says that makes us laugh. His comedy doesn’t depend upon words or language. It depends upon little actions which mean the same thing to people all over the world . Acting out without words of common human plays an important part in the dances and plays of many countries .It’s a kind of world language.
Chaplin lived most of his life in America and died in Switzerland on Christmas Day 1977 ,at the age of eighty-eight . There was sadness all over the world at the news of this death.
1. Chaplin was born in_______.
2. Little does Chaplin’s comedy depend on______.
A. actions B.acting out
C. common human’s words D.words and language
3. One of the reasons that people all over the world can enjoy Chaplin’s films is that_______.
A. most of them have been put into different languages
B. they can enjoy films silently
C. they are nost comedies
D. most of them are not sound films
4._____is a kind of world language according to the passage.
A.Comedy B.Acting out without words
4. Chaplin is regarded as king of comedy mainly because_______.
A. he acted out the common human situations(状况) best in his comedy
B. his films are mostly silent
C. he knew how to make people laugh
D. any regular visitor has seen some of his films
Key 1.C 2.D 3.D 4.B 5.A
Wishing to encourage her young son’s progress on the piano, a mother took her boy to a Paderewski concert. After they were seated, the mother spotted a friend in the “audience and walked down the aisle to greet her. Seizing the opportunity to explore the wonders of the concert hall, the little boy rose and eventually explored his way through a door marked“NO ADMITTANCE.” When the house lights dimmed and the concert was about to begin, the mother returned to her seat and discovered that the child was missing. Suddenly, the curtains parted and spotlights focused on the impressive Steinway on stage. In horror, the mother saw her little boy sitting at the keyboard, innocently picking out “Twinkle, Twinkle, Little Star.”At that moment , the great piano master made his entrance, quickly moved to the piano, and whispered in the boy’s ear, “Don’t quit. Keep playing,” Then leaning over, Paderewski reached down with his left hand and began filling a bass (低音) part. Soon his right arm reached around to the other side of the child and he added a running obbligato (伴奏). Together, the o1d master and the young novice changed a frightening situation into a wonderfully creative experience. The audience was attracted completely. What we can achieve on our own is hardly noteworthy (引入注意的). We try our best, but the results aren’ t exactly graceful flowing music. But with the hand of the Master, our life’s work truly can be beautiful. Next time you set out to complete great things, listen carefully. You can hear the voice of the Master, whispering in your ear, “Don’t quit. Keep playing. “