People often saythat a dog is man's best friend. Over thousands of years, man has taught hisdogs to do many kinds of work besides guarding the home. For example, sheepdogsare famous for their ability to control a flock of hundreds of sheep.
Dogs have beenused to aid disabled people for centuries. A guide dog can lead its blindowner. Nowadays, dogs can be taught to turn on light switches, openrefrigerator doors and dial the telephone for their disabled owners. For themajority of people, however, dogs are simply pets and friends for both youngand old members of the family.
guard 看守,看护 sheepdog 牧羊犬 flock 群 aid 帮助
disabled 残疾人 century 世纪 guide dog 导盲犬 dial 拨 majority 大多数
2 Detective Work
A bank robberstole a lot of money. He was caught and sent to prison, but the money was neverfound. When he came out of prison, they watched him to see what he would do.Here is the detective, reporting to the inspector. "Yes, sir, I foundJohnny . I followed him all around the town, but frankly, I couldn't makeanything out of what he bought. Here's the list."
shirt , heavy crowbar, box of chocolates , shovel, heavy hammer,bunch of flowers .The inspector said, "Good. That helps me a lot. Do youremember how we watched him helping his neighbour, old Mrs. Judson to cover herbackyard with cement?
detective 侦探的侦探 robber 强盗,盗贼 prison 监狱
inspector 检察官 frankly 坦白地,真诚地 crowbar 铁撬,撬棒
shovel 铲,铁铲 hammer 铁锤,锤子 backyard 后院 cement 水泥
3 What is Time? （Nursery Rhyme）
Time is grain forpeasants.
Time is wealth forworkers.
Time is life fordoctors.
Time is victoryfor soldiers.
Time is knowledgefor students.
Time is speed forscientists.
Time is money forbusinessmen.
Time is everythingfor all of us.
Therefore, seizethe time of today!
grain 粮食 wealth 财富 victory 胜利 seize 抓住,把握
4 Perfect Match
A rich woman is soproud of a valuable antique vase that she decides to have her bedroom paintedthe same colour as the vase. Several painters try to mix the colour right, butnone comes close enough to satisfy the woman.
Eventually, apainter comes. He is confident that he can mix the proper colour. The woman ispleased with the result, and the painter becomes famous. Years later, heretires and turns the business over to his son. "Dad,"asks the son,"there's something I've got to know. How did you get those walls to matchthe vase so perfectly?"
"Son,” thefather replies, "I painted the vase."
proud of 自豪 valuable 值钱的 antique vase 古董花瓶 paint 用油漆漆
satisfy 满意 eventually 最终 confident 有信心的 retire 退休
5 A Barbecue
When I was achild, I once went camping with my family in the summer. We decided to make abarbecue in the valley. So we collected some tree sticks to make a fire. Myfather asked me if I could try to make a fire. I was glad to take the job. ThenI tried to set fire to the wood with a match, but produced only smoke. Then myfather said, "That's not the right way. I'll show you how to do it. Firstuse the small pieces of wood because they catch fire easily. Then put thelarger ones on top of them."My father helped me make a big fire.
barbecue 烧烤 valley 山谷 stick 枝条 make a fire 生火
6 A Joke— “I standcorrected”
I have this friendwho always seemed to lean slightly to the left all the time. It used to botherme, so I suggested he see a doctor, and have his legs checked out. For years,he refused and told me I was crazy, but last week, he finally went. Sureenough, the doctor discovered his left leg was a quarter inch shorter than hisright. A quick bit of surgery later, he was cured, and both legs are exactlythe same length now, and he no longer leans. “So,”I said, "You didn'tbelieve me when I told you a doctor could fix your leg. He just looked at meand said, "I stand corrected.
lean 倾斜 slightly 轻微地 check out 检查 refuse 拒绝 quarter 四分之一
surgery 手术 cure 治愈 fix 治愈 standcorrected 认错
7 Making a Kite
One day, Paula andRichard decided to make a kite. First they went out and found two straightsticks of the same length. They brought them back home and tied them with apiece of string into the shape of a cross. Then they took some string and usedit to tie the four ends of the sticks together. Then, they spread some brightlycoloured paper over the frame and glued it around the string. They stuck a tailmade of paper to one of the corners, and tied a long string to the centre ofthe kite. On the next windy day, they took the kite to a hill near their houseand flew it.
straight stick 直木棍 tie 系 string 绳子 shape 形状 cross 十字
spread 传开 frame 框架 stick 粘 tail 尾巴 windy 有风的
8 Animals inDanger
Some of theanimals and birds in the rainforest, such as monkeys and
woodpeckers, livein the treetops. They are always swinging and flying from one
tree to anotherlooking for food among the leaves and branches. They even sleep
in the treetops sothey do not have to come down to the ground.
Have you heardthat such animals and birds in the rainforests are in danger?
Because people arecutting down so many trees in the forests, the animals are
losing theirhomes. Do you know the reasons for it? Yes, people want wood, paper
and land. As aresult many animals and plants are dying. Some forests are so
badly damaged thatthey become deserts.
rainforest 雨林 woodpecker 啄木鸟 treetop 树顶 swing 摇荡
leaves 树叶（leaf的复数形式） branch 树枝 desert 沙漠
9 English in theWorld
Some people saythat the English language no longer belongs to the English,
and it belongs tothe world. It is estimated that the number of people who use
English exceeds750 million. Among these, about 350 million are native
speakers, whilethe rest use it as an official language. If we add to this
number the peoplewho have acquired the language to some extent, the total is
close to onebillion.
English plays anincreasingly important role in the world as a medium for
conductinginternational business and diplomacy, as well as in science and
medicine, theInternet, air and sea communications, international sports
events, radio andTV programs, pop songs and movies.
estimate 估计 exceed 超过 native 本族的,本国的 official 官方的
acquire 掌握 to someextent 达到某种程度 billion 千万
increasingly 越来越多地 medium 工具,手段 conduct 实行,执行
international 国际的 diplomacy 外交 medicine 医药
communication 通信 event 事件
10 A Friend
When you read anEnglish book, you often come across new words. You might try
to guess what thewords mean from the words you know, but when you cannot
guess the meaningsof new words at all, what should you do?
You have a goodfriend then. From him you can learn what a word means, how to
pronounce a word,how to use a word, and so on. This friend can always be with
you, and you canalways ask him to help you. Do you know who this friend is?
It is adictionary. You can learn some important things about words from it,
so you must knowhow to use it.
come across 碰到 guess 猜测
The Mid-Autumn Day
August 15th in Chinese Lunar Calendar is the Mid-Autumn Day. It is one of the most important traditional festivals in China.
On that day people usually go back home to have family reunion. Each family will have the members get together to have a big dinner. The most popular food is moon cakes. They are round and look like the moon.
The moon is the brightest this night. People eat the delicious food while they are enjoying a beautiful full moon in their yard. At this time, some old people would like to tell many past events and tell the children a story about the rabbit on the moon . The children really believe that there is a rabbit on the moon. They hope to go to the moon and have a look one day.
What a great festival!
I study in the No. I middle school, where there are three grades and thirty-two classes. It is not big but very beautiful.
In the center of the school there is a new teaching building, which is very clean and beautiful. The lab building and the library are to the east of the new building. There all kinds of book in the library. You can enioy them as many as you like.
South of the new building lies a playground and it's very big. On the playground, you can have sports such as football. basketball. You'd better play basketball as there are four basketball grounds in our school, You can enjoy yourself very much.
There are many trees in our school.Grass is everywhere. In front of the new building there are two gardens in which, there are flowers of all colours.
We are studying hard in our school, Our life is happy and intcrcsting. I love our school very much.